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|Title:||Sustained-release liposomal anesthetic compositions|
|Abstract:||The invention provides a method for obtaining local anesthetics encapsulated in liposomes, such as multi vesicular liposomes, with high encapsulation efficiency and slow release in vivo. When the encapsulated anesthetic is administered as a single intracutaneous dose, the duration of anesthesia and half-life of the drug at the local injection site is increased as compared to injection of unencapsulated anesthetic. The maximum tolerated dose of the encapsulated anesthetic is also markedly increased in the liposomal formulation over injection of unencapsulated anesthetic. These results show that the liposomal formulation of local anesthetic is useful for sustained local infiltration and nerve block anesthesia.|
|Inventor(s):||Kim; Sinil (La Jolla, CA), Kim; Taehee (Carlsbad, CA), Murdande; Sharad (Waterford, CT)|
|Assignee:||Pacira Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (San Diego, CA)|
|Filing Date:||Mar 06, 2013|
|Claims:||1. A pharmaceutical composition comprising: a) a multivesicular liposome comprising: at least one amphipathic lipid, and at least one neutral lipid; and b) an aqueous phase comprising: at least one polyhydroxy carboxylic acid and at least one di- or tri-protic mineral acid; and bupivacaine phosphate, wherein the aqueous phase is encapsulated within the multivesicular liposome. |
2. The pharmaceutical composition of claim 1, wherein the aqueous phase further comprises hydrochloric acid.
3. The pharmaceutical composition of claim 1, wherein the at least one polyhydroxy carboxylic acid is selected from the group consisting of glucuronic acid, gluconic acid and tartaric acid.
4. The pharmaceutical composition of claim 1, wherein the amphipathic lipid is selected from the group consisting of phosphatidylcholines, phosphatidylethanolamines, sphingomyelins, lysophosphatidylcholines, lysophosphatidylethanolamines, phosphatidylglycerols, phosphatidylserines, phosphatidylinositols, phosphatidic acids, cardiolipins, diacyl dimethylammonium propanes, and stearylamines.
5. The pharmaceutical composition of claim 1, wherein the neutral lipid is at least one triglycerides.
6. A method of locally anesthetizing a subject, the method comprising subcutaneously, intracutaneously, or via a nerve block, injecting the pharmaceutical composition of claim 1 into a subject in need of anesthetization.