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Details for Patent: 7,387,794

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Details for Patent: 7,387,794

Title:Preparation of powder agglomerate
Abstract: The invention relates to a method of producing an agglomerate of drug and solid binder. The process involves producing individual agglomerate particles and then converting the convertible amorphous content of same, following agglomeration, by the application of, for example, moisture. Agglomerates capable of conversion as well as the finished agglomerates and oral and nasal dosing systems including same are also contemplated. The process produces agglomerates which are rugged but which will produce an acceptable fine particle fraction during dosing.
Inventor(s): Yang; Tsong-Toh (Warren, NJ)
Assignee: Schering Corporation (Kenilworth, NJ)
Filing Date:Jan 04, 2005
Application Number:11/028,788
Claims:1. A dosage form of a pharmacologically active agent useful for administration by oral inhalation therapy consisting essentially of: agglomerates of particles of at least one pharmacologically active agent, wherein said at least one pharmacologically active agent is selected from the group consisting of salmeterol, fluticasone, and combinations thereof, and particles of crystalline solid binder, said particles having an average particle size of 10 .mu.m or less and being provided in a weight ratio of between 100:1 to 1:500, said agglomerates having an average size of between 400 and 700 .mu.m, a bulk density of between about 0.2 and about 0.4 g/m.sup.3 and a crush strength of between 200 mg and about 1500 mg.

2. The dosage form of claim 1, wherein said crystalline solid binder comprises lactose.

3. The dosage form of claim 1, wherein said crystalline lactose comprises anhydrous lactose.

4. The dosage form of claim 1, wherein said agglomerate includes no binder other than said solid binder.

5. A dosing system comprising: (a) an inhaler, said inhaler including a storage reservoir for storing an amount of at least one pharmacologically active agent in the form of a crystalline agglomerate, wherein said at least one pharmacologically active agent is selected from the group consisting of salmeterol, fluticasone, and combinations thereof, sufficient to provide a plurality of individual doses thereof, a metering device for measuring and metering a preselected amount of said pharmacologically active agent from said storage reservoir, and a nozzle for conveying said pharmacologically active agent from said metering device to the mouth or nose of a patient; and (b) an amount of a pharmacologically active agent sufficient to provide a plurality of individual doses thereof, said pharmacologically active agent being stored within said storage reservoir, being provided as an agglomerate of particles of said pharmacologically active agent and particles of a crystalline binder, wherein said particles have an average particle size of 10 .mu.m or less and the components thereof are provided in a weight ratio of between 1000:1 to 1:1000, said agglomerates having an average size of between 300 and 1000 .mu.m and a bulk density of between about 0.2 and about 0.4 g/cm.sub.3; and said agglomerate and said inhaler, when used in combination, being capable of producing a fine particle fraction of at least 10%, at an inhaled air flow rate about 60 L/min.

6. The dosing system of claim 5, wherein said crystalline agglomerates have a strength of between about 50 mg and about 5000 mg and wherein said inhaler is designed such that it will impart to said agglomerated pharmacologically active agent an amount of force which is sufficient to produce a fine particle fraction of at least 10%, at an inhaled air flow rate about 60 L/min.

7. The dosing system of claim 5, wherein said crystalline agglomerates have a strength of between about 200 mg and about 1,500 mg and wherein said inhaler is designed such that it will impart to said agglomerated pharmacologically active agent an amount of force which is sufficient to produce a fine particle fraction.

8. A dosing system comprising: (a) an inhaler, said inhaler including a storage reservoir for storing an amount of at least one pharmacologically active agent in the form of a crystalline agglomerate sufficient to provide a plurality of individual doses thereof, a metering device for measuring and metering a preselected amount of said pharmacologically active agent from said storage reservoir, and a nozzle for conveying said pharmacologically active agent from said metering device to the mouth or nose of a patient; and (b) an amount of a pharmacologically active agent sufficient to provide a plurality of individual doses thereof, said pharmacologically active agent being stored within said storage reservoir, being provided as an agglomerate of particles of said pharmacologically active agent and particles of a crystalline binder, wherein said particles have an average particle size of 10 .mu.m or less and the components thereof are provided in a weight ratio of between 1000:1 to 1:1000, said agglomerates having an average size of between 300 and 1000 .mu.m, and said agglomerate and said inhaler, when used in combination, being capable of producing a fine particle fraction of at least 10%, at an inhaled air flow rate about 60 L/min.

9. The dosing system of claim 8, wherein said crystalline agglomerates have a strength of between about 50 mg and about 5000 mg and wherein said inhaler is designed such that it will impart to said agglomerated pharmacologically active agent an amount of force which is sufficient to produce a fine particle fraction of at least 10%, at an inhaled air flow rate about 60 L/min.

10. The dosing system according to claim 8, wherein said pharmacologically active agent is tiotropium.

11. The dosing system of claim 8, wherein said crystalline agglomerates have a strength of between about 200 mg and about 1,500 mg and wherein said inhaler is designed such that it will impart to said agglomerated pharmacologically active agent an amount of force which is sufficient to produce a fine particle fraction.
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