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Details for Patent: 6,994,843

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Details for Patent: 6,994,843

Title:Delivery of stimulants through an inhalation route
Abstract: The present invention relates to the delivery of stimulants through an inhalation route. Specifically, it relates to aerosols containing stimulants that are used in inhalation therapy. In a method aspect of the present invention, a stimulant is delivered to a patient through an inhalation route. The method comprises: a) heating a thin coating of a stimulant, on a solid support, to form a vapor; and, b) passing air through the heated vapor to produce aerosol particles having less than 5% stimulant degradation products. In a kit aspect of the present invention, a kit for delivering a stimulant through an inhalation route is provided which comprises: a) a thin coating of a stimulant drug and b) a device for dispensing said thin coating a stimulant as a condensation aerosol.
Inventor(s): Rabinowitz; Joshua D. (Mountain View, CA), Zaffaroni; Alejandro C. (Atherton, CA)
Assignee: Alexza Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (Palo Alto, CA)
Filing Date:Apr 01, 2004
Application Number:10/815,527
Claims:1. A condensation aerosol for delivery of a drug selected from the group consisting of ephedrine and fenfluramine wherein the condensation aerosol is formed by heating a thin layer containing the drug, on a solid support, to produce a vapor of the drug, and condensing the vapor to form a condensation aerosol characterized by less than 10% drug degradation products by weight, and an MMAD of less than 5 microns.

2. The condensation aerosol according to claim 1, wherein the condensation aerosol is formed at a rate greater than 10.sup.9 particles per second.

3. The condensation aerosol according to claim 2, wherein the condensation aerosol is formed at a rate greater than 10.sup.10 particles per second.

4. A method of producing a drug selected from the group consisting of ephedrine and fenfluramine in an aerosol form comprising: a. heating a thin layer containing the drug, on a solid support, to produce a vapor of the drug, and b. providing an air flow through the vapor to form a condensation aerosol characterized by less than 10% drug degradation products by weight, and an MMAD of less than 5 microns.

5. The method according to claim 4, wherein the condensation aerosol is formed at a rate greater than 10.sup.9 per second.

6. The method according to claim 5, wherein the condensation aerosol is formed at a rate greater than 10.sup.10 particles per second.

7. The condensation aerosol according to claim 1, wherein the condensation aerosol is characterized by an MMAD of 0.1 to 5 microns.

8. The condensation aerosol according to claim 1, wherein the condensation aerosol is characterized by an MMAD of less than 3 microns.

9. The condensation aerosol according to claim 8, wherein the condensation aerosol is characterized by an MMAD of about 0.2 to about 3 microns.

10. The condensation aerosol according to claim 1, wherein the condensation aerosol is characterized by less than 5% drug degradation products by weight.

11. The condensation aerosol according to claim 10, wherein the condensation aerosol is characterized by less than 2.5% drug degradation products by weight.

12. The condensation aerosol according to claim 1, wherein the solid support is a metal foil.

13. The condensation aerosol according to claim 1, wherein the drug is ephedrine.

14. The condensation aerosol according to claim 1, wherein the drug is fenfluramine.

15. The method according to claim 4, wherein the condensation aerosol is characterized by an MMAD of 0.1 to 5 microns.

16. The method according to claim 4, wherein the condensation aerosol is characterized by an MMAD of less than 3 microns.

17. The method according to claim 16, wherein the condensation aerosol is characterized by an MMAD of about 0.2 to about 3 microns.

18. The method according to claim 4, wherein the condensation aerosol is characterized by less than 5% drug degradation products by weight.

19. The method according to claim 18, wherein the condensation aerosol is characterized by less than 2.5% drug degradation products by weight.

20. The method according to claim 4, wherein the solid support is a metal foil.

21. The method according to claim 4, wherein the drug is ephedrine.

22. The method according to claim 4, wherein the drug is fenfluramine.

23. A condensation aerosol for delivery of ephedrine, wherein the condensation aerosol is formed by heating a thin layer containing ephedrine, on a solid support, to produce a vapor of ephedrine, and condensing the vapor to form a condensation aerosol characterized by less than 5% ephedrine degradation products by weight, and an MMAD of about 0.2 to about 3 microns.

24. A condensation aerosol for delivery of fenfluramine, wherein the condensation aerosol is formed by heating a thin layer containing fenfluramine, on a solid support, to produce a vapor of fenfluramine, and condensing the vapor to form a condensation aerosol characterized by less than 5% fenfluramine degradation products by weight, and an MMAD of 0.2 to 3 microns.

25. A method of producing ephedrine in an aerosol form comprising: a. heating a thin layer containing ephedrine, on a solid support, to produce a vapor of ephedrine, and b. providing an air flow through the vapor to form a condensation aerosol characterized by less than 5% ephedrine degradation products by weight, and an MMAD of 0.2 to 3 microns.

26. A method of producing fenfluramine in an aerosol form comprising: a. heating a thin layer containing fenfluramine, on a solid support, to produce a vapor of fenfluramine, and b. providing an air flow through the vapor to form a condensation aerosol characterized by less than 5% fenfluramine degradation products by weight, and an MMAD of about 0.2 to about 3 microns.
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