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Details for Patent: 6,646,010

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Details for Patent: 6,646,010

Title: .alpha.- and .beta.-amino acid hydroxyethylamino sulfonamides useful as retroviral protease inhibitors
Abstract:.alpha.- and .beta.-amino acid hydroxyethylamino sulfonamide compounds are effective as retroviral protease inhibitors, and in particular as inhibitors of HIV protease.
Inventor(s): Vazquez; Michael L. (Gurnee, IL), Mueller; Richard A. (Glencoe, IL), Talley; John J. (Brentwood, MO), Getman; Daniel P. (Chesterfield, MO), DeCrescenzo; Gary A. (St. Peters, MO), Freskos; John N. (Clayton, MO), Bertenshaw; Deborah E. (Brentwood, MO), Heintz; Robert M. (Ballwin, MO)
Assignee: G. D. Searle & Co. (Chicago, IL)
Filing Date:May 30, 2002
Application Number:10/157,019
Claims:1. A compound represented by the formula (A): ##STR828##

or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt, prodrug, or ester thereof, wherein Y is a cycloalkyl, aryl, heterocyclyl, or heteroaryl R.sup.2 is an alkyl, aryl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkylalkyl or aralkyl radical, which radical is optionally substituted with a radical selected from the group consisting of alkyl, halo, nitro, cyano, CF.sub.3, --OR.sup.9, and --SR.sup.9, wherein R.sup.9 is a radical selected from the group consisting of hydrogen and alkyl; R.sup.3 is a hydrogen, alkyl, haloalkyl, alkenyl, alkynyl, hydroxyalkyl, alkoxyalkyl, alkylthioalkyl, alkylsulfonylalkyl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkylalkyl, heterocycloalkyl, heteroaryl, heterocycloalkylalkyl, aryl, aralkyl, heteroaralkyl, aminoalkyl or mono- or disubstituted aminoalkyl radicals, wherein said substituents are selected from the group consisting of alkyl, aryl, aralkyl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkylalkyl, heteroaryl, heteroaralkyl, heterocycloalkyl and heterocycloalkylalkyl radicals; or where said aminoalkyl radical is disubstituted, said substituents along with the nitrogen atom to which they are attached, form a heterocycloalkyl or a heteroaryl radical; R.sup.4 is an alkyl, haloalkyl, alkenyl, alkynyl, hydroxyalkyl, alkoxyalkyl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkylalkyl, heterocycloalkyl, heteroaryl, heterocycloalkylalkyl, aryl, aralkyl, aralkenyl, heteroaralkyl, aminoalkyl or mono- or disubstituted aminoalkyl radical, wherein said substituents are selected from the group consisting of alkyl, aryl, aralkyl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkylalkyl, heteroaryl, heteroaralkyl, heterocycloalkyl and heterocycloalkylalkyl radicals; or where said aminoalkyl radical is disubstituted, said substituents along with the nitrogen atom to which they are attached, form a heterocycloalkyl or a heteroaryl radical.

2. The compound of claim 1 or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt, prodrug, or ester thereof, wherein: R.sup.2 is an alkyl, aryl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkylalkyl or aralkyl radical, which radical is optionally substituted with a radical selected from the group consisting of alkyl, halo and --OR.sup.9, wherein R.sup.9 is a radical selected from the group consisting of hydrogen and alkyl; R.sup.3 is a hydrogen, alkyl, haloalkyl, alkenyl, alkynyl, hydroxyalkyl, alkoxyalkyl, alkylthioalkyl, alkylsulfonylalkyl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkylalkyl, heterocycloalkyl, heteroaryl, heterocycloalkylalkyl, aryl, aralkyl, heteroaralkyl, aminoalkyl or mono- or disubstituted aminoalkyl radicals, wherein said substituents are selected from the group consisting of alkyl, aralkyl, cycloalkyl and cycloalkylalkyl radicals; or where said aminoalkyl radical is disubstituted, said substituents along with the nitrogen atom to which they are attached, form a heterocycloalkyl or a heteroaryl radical; R.sup.4 is an alkyl, haloalkyl, alkenyl, alkynyl, hydroxyalkyl, alkoxyalkyl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkylalkyl, heterocycloalkyl, heteroaryl, heterocycloalkylalkyl, aryl, aralkyl, aralkenyl or heteroaralkyl radical.

3. The compound of claim 2 or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt, prodrug, or ester thereof, wherein: R.sup.3 is a hydrogen, alkyl, haloalkyl, alkenyl, alkynyl, hydroxyalkyl, alkoxyalkyl, alkylthioalkyl, alkylsulfonylalkyl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkylalkyl, heterocycloalkyl, heteroaryl, heterocycloalkylalkyl, aryl, aralkyl, heteroaralkyl, aminoalkyl or mono- or dialkyl substituted aminoalkyl radical.

4. The compound of claim 3 or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt, prodrug, or ester thereof, wherein: R.sup.2 is an alkyl, cycloalkylalkyl or aralkyl radical, which radical is optionally substituted with a radical selected from the group consisting of alkyl, halo and --OR.sup.9, where R.sup.9 is a radical selected from the group consisting of hydrogen and alkyl; R.sup.3 is a hydrogen, alkyl, alkenyl, alkynyl, hydroxyalkyl, alkoxyalkyl, alkylthioalkyl, alkylsulfonylalkyl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkylalkyl, heterocycloalkylalkyl, aryl, aralkyl, heteroaralkyl, aminoalkyl or mono- or dialkyl substituted aminoalkyl radical.

5. The compound of claim 4 or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt, prodrug, or ester thereof, wherein: R.sup.2 is butyl, cyclohexylmethyl, benzyl, 4-fluorobenzyl or naphthylmethyl; R.sup.3 is methyl, ethyl, propyl, butyl, pentyl, hexyl, isobutyl, iso-amyl, 3-methoxypropyl, 3-methylthiopropyl, 4-methylthiobutyl, 4-methylsulfonylbutyl, 2-dimethylaminoethyl, 2-(1-morpholino)ethyl, 4-hydroxybutyl, allyl, propargyl, cyclohexylmethyl, cyclopropylmethyl, phenyl, benzyl, 4-fluorobenzyl, 4-methoxybenzyl, 1-phenylethyl, 2-phenylethyl, naphthylmethyl, 3-pyridylmethyl or 4-pyridylmethyl; R.sup.4 is methyl, ethyl, propyl, butyl, ethenyl, chloromethyl, cyclopropyl, cyclobutyl, cyclopentyl, cyclohexyl, phenyl, naphthyl, chlorophenyl, fluorophenyl, hydroxyphenyl, methylphenyl, methoxyphenyl, ethoxyphenyl, methylthiophenyl, methylsulfoxyphenyl, methylsulfonylphenyl, acetamidophenyl, methoxycarbonylphenyl, dimethylaminophenyl, nitrophenyl, trifluoromethylphenyl, benzyl, 2-phenylethenyl or thienyl.

6. The compound of claim 1 wherein the R.sup.2 substituent has an (S) absolute stereochemical configuration and the adjacent hydroxyl group has an (R) stereochemical configuration.

7. The compound of claim 1 wherein Y is phenyl, methylphenyl, dimethylphenyl, methoxyphenyl, methylformamidinylphenyl, aminoformamidinylphenyl, flouroformamidinylphenyl, chloroformamidinylphenyl, bromoformamidinylphenyl, methylhydroxyformamidinylphenyl, aminohydroxyformamidinylphenyl, fluorohydroxyformamidinylphenyl, chlorohydroxyformamidinylphenyl, bromohydroxyformamidinylphenyl, oxopyridyl, pyrazinyl, pyrimidinyl, aminopyrazinyl, aminopyrimidinyl, methylpyrazinyl, methylpyrimidinyl, hydroxypyrazinyl, hydroxypyrimidinyl, furyl, furanyl, piperidinylpyridyl, morpholinylpyridinyl, piperazinylpyridinyl, methylpiperazinylpyridinyl, pyrrolidinylpyridinyl, oxazolyl, pyridyl, methylaminopyridyl, aminopyridyl, hydroxypyridyl, tetrahydrothiophenyl, oxotetrahydrothiophenyl, dioxotetrahydrothiophenyl, pyrrolidinyl, alkylpyrrolidinyl, tetrahydrofuryl, thienyl, thiazolyl, methylthiazolyl, aminothiazolyl, or dimethylaminothiazolyl.

8. A method of inhibiting a retroviral protease comprising administering a compound represented by the formula (A): ##STR829##

or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt, prodrug, or ester thereof, wherein Y is a cycloalkyl, aryl, heterocyclyl, or heteroaryl R.sup.2 is an alkyl, aryl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkylalkyl or aralkyl radical, which radical is optionally substituted with a radical selected from the group consisting of alkyl, halo, nitro, cyano, CF.sub.3, --OR.sup.9, and --SR.sup.9, wherein R.sup.9 is a radical selected from the group consisting of hydrogen and alkyl; R.sup.3 is a hydrogen, alkyl, haloalkyl, alkenyl, alkynyl, hydroxyalkyl, alkoxyalkyl, alkylthioalkyl, alkylsulfonylalkyl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkylalkyl, heterocycloalkyl, heteroaryl, heterocycloalkylalkyl, aryl, aralkyl, heteroaralkyl, aminoalkyl or mono- or disubstituted aminoalkyl radicals, wherein said substituents are selected from the group consisting of alkyl, aryl, aralkyl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkylalkyl, heteroaryl, heteroaralkyl, heterocycloalkyl and heterocycloalkylalkyl radicals; or where said aminoalkyl radical is disubstituted, said substituents along with the nitrogen atom to which they are attached, form a heterocycloalkyl or a heteroaryl radical; R.sup.4 is an alkyl, haloalkyl, alkenyl, alkynyl, hydroxyalkyl, alkoxyalkyl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkylalkyl, heterocycloalkyl, heteroaryl, heterocycloalkylalkyl, aryl, aralkyl, aralkenyl, heteroaralkyl, aminoalkyl or mono- or disubstituted aminoalkyl radical, wherein said substituents are selected from the group consisting of alkyl, aryl, aralkyl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkylalkyl, heteroaryl, heteroaralkyl, heterocycloalkyl and heterocycloalkylalkyl radicals; or where said aminoalkyl radical is disubstituted, said substituents along with the nitrogen atom to which they are attached, form a heterocycloalkyl or a heteroaryl radical.

9. The method of claim 8 wherein the retroviral protease is HIV protease.

10. A method of treating a retroviral infection comprising administering an effective amount of a compound represented by the formula (A): ##STR830##

or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt, prodrug, or ester thereof, wherein Y is a cycloalkyl, aryl, heterocyclyl, or heteroaryl R.sup.2 is an alkyl, aryl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkylalkyl or aralkyl radical, which radical is optionally substituted with a radical selected from the group consisting of alkyl, halo, nitro, cyano, CF.sub.3, --OR.sup.9, and --SR.sup.9, wherein R.sup.9 is a radical selected from the group consisting of hydrogen and alkyl; R.sup.3 is a hydrogen, alkyl, haloalkyl, alkenyl, alkynyl, hydroxyalkyl, alkoxyalkyl, alkylthioalkyl, alkylsulfonylalkyl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkylalkyl, heterocycloalkyl, heteroaryl, heterocycloalkylalkyl, aryl, aralkyl, heteroaralkyl, aminoalkyl or mono- or disubstituted aminoalkyl radicals, wherein said substituents are selected from the group consisting of alkyl, aryl, aralkyl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkylalkyl, heteroaryl, heteroaralkyl, heterocycloalkyl and heterocycloalkylalkyl radicals; or where said aminoalkyl radical is disubstituted, said substituents along with the nitrogen atom to which they are attached, form a heterocycloalkyl or a heteroaryl radical; R.sup.4 is an alkyl, haloalkyl, alkenyl, alkynyl, hydroxyalkyl, alkoxyalkyl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkylalkyl, heterocycloalkyl, heteroaryl, heterocycloalkylalkyl, aryl, aralkyl, aralkenyl, heteroaralkyl, aminoalkyl or mono- or disubstituted aminoalkyl radical, wherein said substituents are selected from the group consisting of alkyl, aryl, aralkyl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkylalkyl, heteroaryl, heteroaralkyl, heterocycloalkyl and heterocycloalkylalkyl radicals; or where said aminoalkyl radical is disubstituted, said substituents along with the nitrogen atom to which they are attached, form a heterocycloalkyl or a heteroaryl radical.

11. The method of claim 10 wherein the retroviral infection is an HIV infection.

12. A method of treating AIDS comprising administering an effective amount of a pharmaceutical composition comprising a compound represented by the formula (A): ##STR831##

or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt, prodrug, or ester thereof, wherein Y is a cycloalkyl, aryl, heterocyclyl, or heteroaryl R.sup.2 is an alkyl, aryl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkylalkyl or aralkyl radical, which radical is optionally substituted with a radical selected from the group consisting of alkyl, halo, nitro, cyano, CF.sub.3, --OR.sup.9, and --SR.sup.9, wherein R.sup.9 is a radical selected from the group consisting of hydrogen and alkyl; R.sup.3 is a hydrogen, alkyl, haloalkyl, alkenyl, alkynyl, hydroxyalkyl, alkoxyalkyl, alkylthioalkyl, alkylsulfonylalkyl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkylalkyl, heterocycloalkyl, heteroaryl, heterocycloalkylalkyl, aryl, aralkyl, heteroaralkyl, aminoalkyl or mono- or disubstituted aminoalkyl radicals, wherein said substituents are selected from the group consisting of alkyl, aryl, aralkyl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkylalkyl, heteroaryl, heteroaralkyl, heterocycloalkyl and heterocycloalkylalkyl radicals; or where said aminoalkyl radical is disubstituted, said substituents along with the nitrogen atom to which they are attached, form a heterocycloalkyl or a heteroaryl radical; R.sup.4 is an alkyl, haloalkyl, alkenyl, alkynyl, hydroxyalkyl, alkoxyalkyl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkylalkyl, heterocycloalkyl, heteroaryl, heterocycloalkylalkyl, aryl, aralkyl, aralkenyl, heteroaralkyl, aminoalkyl or mono- or disubstituted aminoalkyl radical, wherein said substituents are selected from the group consisting of alkyl, aryl, aralkyl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkylalkyl, heteroaryl, heteroaralkyl, heterocycloalkyl and heterocycloalkylalkyl radicals; or where said aminoalkyl radical is disubstituted, said substituents along with the nitrogen atom to which they are attached, form a heterocycloalkyl or a heteroaryl radical.
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