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Details for Patent: 5,719,176

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Details for Patent: 5,719,176

Title: 2-amino-1,3-propanediol compound and immunosuppressant
Abstract:A 2-amino-1,3-propanediol compound represented by general formula (I) or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, and an immunosuppressant containing the same as the active ingredient. In said formula R represents optionally substituted linear or branched carbon chain, optionally substituted aryl or optionally substituted cycloalkyl; and R.sup.2, R.sup.3, R.sup.4 and R.sup.5, which may be the same or different from one another, represent each hydrogen, alkyl, aralkyl, acyl or alkoxycarbonyl. The compound is immunodepressant and useful as an inhibitor against rejection in organ or bone marrow transplantation, as a preventive or remedy for autoimmune diseases and so forth, or a reagent in the medical and pharmaceutical fields. ##STR1##
Inventor(s): Fujita; Tetsuro (Kyoto, JP), Sasaki; Shigeo (Hyogo, JP), Yoneta; Masahiko (Hyogo, JP), Mishina; Tadashi (Saitama, JP), Adachi; Kunitomo (Saitama, JP), Chiba; Kenji (Saitama, JP)
Assignee: Yoshitomi Pharmaceutical Industries, Ltd. (Osaka, JP) Taito Co., Ltd. (Tokyo, JP)
Filing Date:Oct 02, 1996
Application Number:08/725,890
Claims:1. A 2-amino-1,3-propanediol compound of having the formula ##STR437## wherein Ra is a straight- or branched chain alkyl having 12 to 22 carbon atoms, which may have, in the chain, a bond or a hetero atom selected from the group consisting of a double bond, a triple bond, oxygen, sulfur, sulfinyl, sulfonyl, --N(R.sup.6)-- where R.sup.6 is hydrogen, alkyl, aralkyl, acyl or alkoxycarbonyl, and carbonyl, and which may have, as a substituent, alkoxy, alkenyloxy, alkynyloxy, aralkyloxy, acyl, alkylamino, alkylthio, acylamino, alkoxycarbonyl, alkoxycarbonylamino, acyloxy, alkylcarbamoyl, nitro, halogen, amino, hydroxyimino, hydroxy or carboxy, and

R.sup.2 b, R.sup.3 b, R.sup.4 b and R.sup.5 b are the same or different and each is a hydrogen, an alkyl or an acyl; or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.

2. A 2-amino-1,3-propanediol compound of claim 1, having the formula ##STR438## wherein Rb is a straight- or branched chain alkyl having 13 to 20 carbon atoms, which may have, in the chain, an oxygen atom and which may have, as a substituent, nitro, halogen, amino, hydroxy or carboxy, and

R.sup.2 c and R.sup.3 c are the same or different and each is a hydrogen or an alkyl, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.

3. A 2-amino-1,3-propanediol compound of claim 1 or 2, having the formula ##STR439## wherein Rc is a straight-or branched chain alkyl having 13 to 20 carbon atoms or a straight- or branched chain alkyl having 13 to 20 carbon atoms which is substituted by halogen, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.

4. A 2-amino-1,3-propanediol compound of any one of claims 1 or 2, which is selected from the group consisting of

2-amino-2-tridecyl-1,3-propanediol,

2-amino-2-tetradecyl-1,3-propanediol,

2-amino-2-pentadecyl-1,3-propanediol,

2-amino-2-hexadecyl-1,3-propanediol,

2-amino-2-heptadecyl-1,3-propanediol,

2-amino-2-octadecyl-1,3-propanediol,

2-amino-2-nonadecyl-1,3-propanediol,

2-amino-2-icosyl-1,3-propanediol,

2-amino-2-(12-fluorododecyl)-1,3-propanediol and

2-amino-2-(14-fluorotetradecyl)-1,3-propanediol, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.

5. A 2-amino-1,3-propanediol compound of claim 3, which is selected from the group consisting of

2-amino-2-tridecyl-1,3-propanediol,

2-amino-2-tetradecyl-1,3-propanediol,

2-amino-2-pentadecyl-1,3-propanediol,

2-amino-2-hexadecyl-1,3-propanediol,

2-amino-2-heptadecyl-1,3-propanediol,

2-amino-2-octadecyl-1,3-propanediol,

2-amino-2-nonadecyl-1,3-propanediol,

2-amino-2-icosyl-1,3-propanediol,

2-amino-2-(12-fluorododecyl)-1,3-propanediol and

2-amino-2-(14-fluorotetradecyl)-1,3-propanediol, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.

6. A method for immunosuppression, which comprises administering to a mammal an effective amount of a compound of claim 1.

7. A method for suppression of rejection in organ or bone marrow transplantation in a mammal, which comprises administering to a mammal an effective amount of a compound of claim 1.

8. A method for prevention and treatment of autoimmune disease, which comprises administering to a mammal an effective amount of a compound of claim 1.

9. The method according to claim 8, wherein the autoimmune disease is rheumatoid arthritis.

10. A method for prevention and treatment of psoriasis or atopic dermatitis, which comprises administering to a mammal an effective amount of a compound of claim 1.

11. A method for prevention and treatment of bronchial asthma or pollinosis, which comprises administering to a mammal an effective amount of a compound of claim 1.
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