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Claims for Patent: 8,915,888

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Claims for Patent: 8,915,888

Title:Dosing and drive mechanism for drug delivery device
Abstract: The present invention relates to drive mechanisms suitable for use in drug delivery devices, in particular pen-type injectors, wherein a number of pre-set doses of medicinal product can be administered. In particular, the present invention relates to such drug delivery devices where a user may activate the drug delivery device.
Inventor(s): Boyd; Malcolm (Leamington Spa, GB), Letham; Richard (Kingston Upon Thames, GB), Plumptre; David (Worcerstershire, GB), Veasey; Robert (Leamington Spa, GB), May; James (Earlsdon, GB), Jones; Matthew (Warwickshire, GB), Ghazaros; Samuel (Bristol, GB)
Assignee: Sanofi-Aventis Deutschland GmbH (Frankfurt am Main, DE)
Application Number:12/466,581
Patent Claims: 1. A drive mechanism for use in a drug delivery device comprising: a housing having a proximal and distal end; a drive sleeve non-rotatable with respect to said housing; a piston rod engaged with the said drive sleeve optionally by engagement means; wherein the said piston rod further comprises a distal helical thread portion threadedly engaged with the said housing and a means located at the proximal end of the said piston rod for releasable engagement to the said drive sleeve; characterized in that, a) when the said drive sleeve moves proximally without rotating with respect to the said housing the said piston rod does not move with respect to the said housing; b) when the said drive sleeve moves distally the said piston rod rotates with respect to the said housing so that a force is transferred in the longitudinal direction to the distal end of the said drug delivery device.

2. A drug delivery device comprising the drive mechanism as defined in claim 1.

3. Use of a drug delivery device as defined in claim 2 for dispensing a medicinal product.

4. The use of a drug delivery device according to claim 3 for dispensing a pharmaceutical formulation comprising an active compound selected from the group consisting of insulin, growth hormone, low molecular weight heparin, their analogues, and their derivatives.

5. The drug delivery device according to claim 2, which is a pen-type device.

6. The drug delivery device according to claim 2, which is an injector-type device.

7. The drug delivery device according to claim 2, which comprises a needle.

8. The drug delivery device according to claim 2, which is a needle-free device.

9. The drive mechanism according to claim 1, comprising non-return features which prevent rotation of the piston rod at least in one direction with respect to the housing when the drive sleeve moves proximally with respect to the housing.

10. The drive mechanism according to claim 9, wherein the non-return features comprise an engaging feature which is designed to engage a stopping feature on the piston rod.

11. The drive mechanism according to claim 10, wherein the engaging feature is at least one feature selected from the group consisting of a) at least one arm with a flexible section which is in constant engagement with a helical groove on the piston rod and which is designed to axially engage a step in the helical groove which is the stopping feature, b) at least one engaging element with a cross section of essentially a parallelogram in constant engagement with a helical groove on the piston rod which is designed to engage a section in the helical groove with a smaller helix angle which is the stopping feature, c) at least one non-flexible engaging element which is connected to the drive sleeve which is designed to abut at least one of a plurality of raised sections on an outer surface of the piston rod which is the stopping feature, d) at least one ratchet arm which is connected to the drive sleeve or the housing and which is designed to engage at least one of a plurality of engaging sections on an outer surface of the piston rod which is the stopping feature and e) at least one guiding feature of the drive sleeve which is designed to longitudinally guide a raised element on the outer surface of the piston rod which is the stopping feature.

12. The drive mechanism according to claim 1, wherein the said means located at the proximal end of the said piston rod for releasable engagement to the said drive sleeve consists of one or more flexible regions.

13. The drive mechanism according to claim 12, wherein the said one or more flexible regions are releasably engaged with a helical thread on the said drive sleeve.

14. The drive mechanism according to claim 1, wherein the said means located at the proximal end of the said piston rod for releasable engagement to the said drive sleeve consists of unidirectional rotational coupling means.

15. The drive mechanism according to claim 14, wherein the said unidirectional rotational coupling means are engaged with a helical thread on the said drive sleeve.

16. An assembly for use in a drug delivery device comprising the drive mechanism as defined in claim 1.

17. A method of manufacturing a drug delivery device, comprising the step of providing a drive mechanism as defined in claim 1.

18. A drive mechanism for a delivery device comprising: a housing having a proximal and distal end; a non-rotatable drive sleeve; a piston rod comprising a distal thread and a proximal thread, the proximal thread of the piston rod threadedly engaged with the drive sleeve and the distal thread of the piston rod threadedly engaged with the housing; wherein when the non-rotatable drive sleeve moves proximally, the piston rod does not rotate; and when the non-rotatable drive sleeve moves distally, the piston rod rotates with respect to the housing so that a force is transferred in the longitudinal direction to the distal end of the said housing.

19. The drive mechanism of claim 18 wherein the drive mechanism is used to administer at least one pre-set dose of a medicinal product.

20. The drive mechanism of claim 18 wherein the distal thread and the proximal thread are oppositely disposed.
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