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Claims for Patent: 6,926,907

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Claims for Patent: 6,926,907

Title: Pharmaceutical compositions for the coordinated delivery of NSAIDs
Abstract:The present invention is directed to drug dosage forms that release an agent that raises the pH of a patient's gastrointestinal tract, followed by a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug. The dosage form is designed so that the NSAID is not released until the intragastric pH has been raised to a safe level. The invention also encompasses methods of treating patients by administering this coordinated release, gastroprotective, antiarthritic/analgesic combination unit dosage form to achieve pain and symptom relief with a reduced risk of developing gastrointestinal damage such as ulcers, erosions and hemorrhages.
Inventor(s): Plachetka; John R. (Chapel Hill, NC)
Assignee: Pozen Inc. (Chapel Hill, NC)
Application Number:10/158,216
Patent Claims: 1. A pharmaceutical composition in unit dose form suitable for oral administration to a patient, comprising: (a) an acid inhibitor present in an amount effective to raise the gastric pH of said patient to at least 3.5 upon the administration of one or more of said unit dosage forms; (b) a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) in an amount effective to reduce or eliminate pain or inflammation in said patient upon administration of one or more of said unit dosage forms;

and wherein said unit dosage form provides for coordinated release such that: i) said NSAID is surrounded by a coating that, upon ingestion of said unit dosage form by said patient, prevents the release of essentially any NSAID from said dosage form unless the pH of the surrounding medium is 3.5 or higher; ii) at least a portion of said acid inhibitor is not surrounded by an enteric coating and, upon ingestion of said unit dosage form by said patient, is released regardless of whether the pH of the surrounding medium is below 3.5 or above 3.5.

2. The pharmaceutical composition of claim 1, wherein said acid inhibitor is an H2 blocker.

3. The pharmaceutical composition of claim 2, wherein said H2 blocker is selected from the group consisting of: cimetidine; ranitidine; ebrotidine; pabutidine; lafutidine; loxtidine and famotidine.

4. The pharmaceutical composition of claim 3, wherein said H2 blocker is famotidine, present in said unit dosage form in an amount of between 5 mg and 100 mg.

5. The pharmaceutical composition of claim 1, wherein said acid inhibitor is a proton pump inhibitor selected from the group consisting of: omeprazole, esomeprazole, lansoprazole, pantoprazole and rabeprazole.

6. The pharmaceutical composition of claim 5, wherein said proton pump inhibitor is pantoprazole, present in said unit dosage form in an amount of between 10 mg and 200 mg.

7. The pharmaceutical composition of claim 1, wherein said NSAID is a cyclooxygenese-2 (COX-2) inhibitor.

8. The pharmaceutical composition of claim 7, wherein said COX-2 inhibitor is selected from the group consisting of celecoxib; rofecoxib; meloxicam; piroxicam; valdecoxib, parecoxib, etoricoxib, CS-502, JTE-522; L-745,337; and NS398.

9. The pharmaceutical composition of claim 1, wherein said NSAID is selected from the group consisting of: aspirin; acetaminophen; ibuprofen; flurbiprofen; ketoprofen; lornoxicam; naproxen; oxaprozin; etodolac; indomethacin; ketorolac; and nabumetone.

10. The pharmaceutical composition of claim 9, wherein said NSAID is naproxen present in an amount of between 50 mg and 1500 mg.

11. The pharmaceutical composition of claim 10, wherein said naproxen is present in an amount of between 200 mg and 600 mg.

12. The pharmaceutical composition of claim 1 wherein said unit dosage form is a multilayer tablet comprising a single core and one or more layers outside of said single core, wherein: i) said NSAID is present in said core; ii) said coating that does not release said NSAID unless the pH of the surrounding medium is 3.5 or higher surrounds said core; and iii) said acid inhibitor is in said one more layers outside said core.

13. The pharmaceutical composition of claim 12, wherein said one or more layers outside of said core do not contain NSAID and are not surrounded by an enteric coating.

14. The pharmaceutical composition of claim 13, wherein said unit dosage form is a bilayer tablet having an outer layer of said acid inhibitor and an inner core of said NSAID and wherein said outer layer of said tablet is surrounded by a non-enteric film coating that releases said acid inhibitor upon ingestion by patient.

15. The pharmaceutical composition of any one of claims 1 or 7-14, wherein said acid inhibitor is a proton pump inhibitor.

16. The pharmaceutical composition of claim 15, wherein said coating surrounding said core does not dissolve unless the pH of the surrounding medium is 4 or greater.

17. The pharmaceutical composition of claim 15, wherein said coating surrounding said core does not dissolve unless the pH of the surrounding medium is 5 or greater.

18. The pharmaceutical composition of any one of claims 7-14, wherein said acid inhibitor is an H2 blocker.

19. The pharmaceutical composition of claim 18, wherein said tablet has an inner core of said NSAID surrounded by a barrier coating that dissolves at a rate such that said NSAID is not released until the pH of the surrounding medium is 4 or greater.

20. The pharmaceutical composition of claim 18, wherein said tablet has an inner core of said NSAID surrounded by a barrier coating that dissolves at a rate such that said NSAID is not released until the pH of the surrounding medium is 5 or greater.

21. The pharmaceutical composition of claim 1, wherein said unit dosage form is a capsule.

22. A method of treating a patient for pain or inflammation, comprising administering to said patient the pharmaceutical composition of any one of claims 1-14.

23. The method of claim 22, wherein said pain or inflammation is due to either osteoarthritis or rheumatoid arthritis.

24. A method of treating a patient for pain or inflammation, comprising: (a) orally administering to said patient an acid inhibitor at a dose effective to raise the gastric pH of said patient to at least 3.5; and (b) orally administering to said patient an NSAID that is coated in a polymer that only dissolves at a pH of 3.5 or greater.

25. The method of claim 24, wherein said acid inhibitor is an H2 blocker.

26. The method of claim 25, wherein said H-2 blocker is selected from the group consisting of: cimetidine; ranitidine; ebrotidine; pabutidine; lafutidine; loxtidine and famotidine.

27. The method of claim 26, wherein said H2 blocker is famotidine administered at a dose of between 5 mg and 100 mg.

28. The method of claim 24, wherein said acid inhibitor is a proton pump inhibitor.

29. The method of claim 28, wherein said proton pump inhibitor is selected from the group consisting of: omeprazole, esomeprazole, lansoprazole, rabeprazole and pantoprazole.

30. The method of claim 29, wherein said proton pump inhibitor is pantoprazole administered at a dose of between 10 mg and 200 mg.

31. The method of any one of claims 24-30, wherein said NSAID is a COX-2 inhibitor selected from the group consisting of: celecoxib; rofecoxib; meloxicam; piroxicam; valdecoxib, parecoxib, etoricoxib, CS-502, JTE-522; L-745,337; and NS398.

32. The method of any one of claims 24-30, wherein said NSAID is selected from the group consisting of: aspirin; acetaminophen; ibuprofen; flurbiprofen; ketoprofen; lornoxicam; naproxen; oxaprozin; etodolac; indomethacin; ketorolac; and nabumetone.

33. The method of claim 32, wherein said NSAID is naproxen administered at a dose of between 50 mg and 1500 mg.

34. The method of claim 33, wherein said naproxen is administered at a dose of between 200 mg and 600 mg.

35. The method of claim 24, wherein said acid inhibitor and said NSAID are delivered as part of a single dosage form providing for the coordinated release of therapeutic agents.

36. The method of claim 35, wherein said single dosage form is a bilayer tablet with an outer layer comprising an H2 blocker and an inner core comprising an NSAID.

37. A method of treating a patient for pain or inflammation, comprising: (a) orally administering to said patient an acid inhibitor at a dose effective to raise the gastric pH of said patient to at least 3.5; and (b) concurrently administering to said patient an NSAID that is coated in a polymer that dissolves at a rate such that said NSAID is not released until said gastric pH is at 3.5 or higher.

38. The method of claim 37, wherein said acid inhibitor is an H2 blocker.

39. The method of claim 38, wherein said H-2 blocker is selected from the group consisting of: cimetidine; ranitidine; ebrotidine; pabutidine; lafutidine; loxtidine and famotidine.

40. The method of claim 39, wherein said H2 blocker is famotidine administered at a dose of between 5 mg and 100 mg.

41. The method of claim 37, wherein said acid inhibitor is a proton pump inhibitor.

42. The method of claim 41, wherein said proton pump inhibitor is selected from the group consisting of: omeprazole, esomeprazole, lansoprazole, rabeprazole and pantoprazole.

43. The method of claim 42, wherein said proton pump inhibitor is pantoprazole administered at a dose of between 10 mg and 200 mg.

44. The method of any one of claims 37-43, wherein said NSAID is a COX-2 inhibitor selected from the group consisting of: celecoxib; rofecoxib; meloxicam; piroxicam; valdecoxib, parecoxib, etoricoxib, CS-502, JTE-522 L-745, 337; and NS398.

45. The method of any one of claims 37-43, wherein said NSAID is selected from the group consisting of: aspirin; acetaminophen; ibuprofen; flurbiprofen; ketoprofen; lornoxicam; naproxen; oxaprozin; etodolac; indomethacin; ketorolac; and nabumetone.

46. The method of claim 45, wherein said NSAID is naproxen administered at a dose of between 50 mg and 1500 mg.

47. The method of claim 46, wherein said naproxen is administered at a dose of between 200 mg and 600 mg.

48. The method of claim 47, wherein said acid inhibitor and said NSAID are delivered as part of a single dosage form providing for the coordinated release of therapeutic agents.

49. The method of claim 48, wherein said single dosage form is a bilayer tablet with an outer layer comprising an H2 blocker and an inner core comprising an NSAID.

50. A method of improving compliance in patients requiring frequent daily dosages of an acid inhibitor and an NSAID comprising administering said dosages in a coordinated unit dosage form in accordance with claim 1.

51. A method of treating a patient for pain or inflammation, comprising administering to said patient the pharmaceutical composition of claim 15.

52. The method of claim 51, wherein said pain or inflammation is due to either osteoarthritis or rheumatoid arthritis.

53. The pharmaceutical composition of any one of claims 5-11 wherein said unit dosage form is a multilayer tablet comprising a single core and one or more layers outside of said single core, wherein: i) said NSAID is present in said core; ii) said coating that does not release said NSAID unless the pH of the surrounding medium is 3.5 or higher surrounds said core; and iii) said acid inhibitor is in said one more layers outside said core.

54. The pharmaceutical composition of claim 53, wherein said one or more layers outside of said core do not contain NSAID and are not surrounded by an enteric coating.

55. The pharmaceutical composition of claim 54, wherein said unit dosage form is a bilayer tablet having an outer layer of said acid inhibitor and an inner core of said NSAID and wherein said outer layer of said tablet is surrounded by a non-enteric film coating that, upon ingestion by a patient, releases said acid inhibitor into the stomach of said patient.
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