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Claims for Patent: 5,585,089

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Claims for Patent: 5,585,089

Title: Humanized immunoglobulins
Abstract:Novel methods for producing, and compositions of humanized immunoglobulins having one or more complementarity determining regions (CDR's) and possible additional amino acids from a donor immunoglobulin and a framework region from an accepting human immunoglobulin are provided. Each humanized immunoglobulin chain will usually comprise, in addition to the CDR's, amino acids from the donor immunoglobulin framework that are, e.g., capable of interacting with the CDR's to effect binding affinity, such as one or more amino acids which are immediately adjacent to a CDR in the donor immunoglobulin or those within about 3 .ANG. as predicted by molecular modeling. The heavy and light chains may each be designed by using any one or all of various position criteria. When combined into an intact antibody, the humanized immunoglobulins of the present invention will be substantially non-immunogenic in humans and retain substantially the same affinity as the donor immunoglobulin to the antigen, such as a protein or other compound containing an epitope.
Inventor(s): Queen; Cary L. (Los Altos, CA), Selick; Harold E. (Belmont, CA)
Assignee: Protein Design Labs, Inc. (Mountain View, CA)
Application Number:08/477,728
Patent Claims: 1. A humanized immunoglobulin having complementarity determining regions (CDRs) from a donor immunoglobulin and heavy and light chain variable region frameworks from human acceptor immunoglobulin heavy and light chains, which humanized immunoglobulin specifically binds to an antigen with an affinity constant of at least 10.sup.7 M.sup.-1 and no greater than about four-fold that of the donor immunoglobulin, wherein said humanized immunoglobulin comprises amino acids from the donor immunoglobulin framework outside the Kabat and Chothia CDRs, wherein the donor amino acids replace corresponding amino acids in the acceptor immunoglobulin heavy or light chain frameworks, and each of said donor amino acids:

(I) is adjacent to a CDR in the donor immunoglobulin sequence, or

(II) contains an atom within a distance of 4 .ANG. of a CDR in said humanized immunoglobulin.

2. A humanized immunoglobulin having complementarity determining regions (CDRs) from a donor immunoglobulin and heavy and light chain variable region frameworks from human acceptor immunoglobulin heavy and light chains, which humanized immunoglobulin specifically binds to an antigen with an affinity constant of at least 10.sup.7 M.sup.-1 and no greater than about four-fold that of the donor immunoglobulin, wherein said humanized immunoglobulin comprises amino acids from the donor immunoglobulin framework outside the Kabat and Chothia CDRs, wherein the donor amino acids replace corresponding amino acids in the acceptor immunoglobulin heavy or light chain frameworks, and each of said donor amino acids:

(I) is adjacent to a CDR in the donor immunoglobulin sequence, or

(II) contains an atom within a distance of 5 .ANG. of a CDR in said humanized immunoglobulin.

3. A humanized immunoglobulin having complementarity determining regions (CDRs) from a donor immunoglobulin and heavy and light chain variable region frameworks from human acceptor immunoglobulin heavy and light chains, which humanized immunoglobulin specifically binds to an antigen with an affinity constant of at least 10.sup.7 M.sup.-1 and no greater than about four-fold that of the donor immunoglobulin, wherein said humanized immunoglobulin comprises amino acids from the donor immunoglobulin framework outside the Kabat and Chothia CDRs that replace the corresponding amino acids in the acceptor immunoglobulin heavy or light chain frameworks, and each of said amino acids:

(I) is adjacent to a CDR in the donor immunoglobulin sequence, or

(II) contains an atom within a distance of 6 .ANG. of a CDR in said humanized immunoglobulin.

4. A humanized immunoglobulin having complementarity determining regions (CDRs) from a donor immunoglobulin and heavy and light chain variable region frameworks from acceptor immunoglobulin heavy and light chains, which humanized immunoglobulin specifically binds to an antigen with an affinity constant of at least 10.sup.7 M.sup.-1 and no greater than about four-fold that of the donor immunoglobulin, wherein said humanized immunoglobulin comprises amino acids from the donor immunoglobulin framework outside the Kabat and Chothia CDRs that replace the corresponding amino acids in the acceptor immunoglobulin heavy or light chain frameworks, wherein each of these said donor amino acids:

(I) is adjacent to a CDR in the donor immunoglobulin sequence, or

(II) is capable of interacting with amino acids in the CDRs, or

(III) is typical at its position for human immunoglobulin sequences, and the replaced amino acid in the acceptor is rare at its position for human immunoglobulin sequences.

5. A humanized immunoglobulin according to claim 1, 2 or 3 which specifically binds to an antigen with an affinity of between 10.sup.8 M.sup.-1 and 10.sup.10 M.sup.-1.

6. A humanized immunoglobulin according to claim 1, 2 or 3 which specifically binds to an antigen with an affinity of no greater than about two-fold that of the donor immunoglobulin.

7. A humanized immunoglobulin according to claim 1, 2, 3 or 4 which is substantially pure.

8. A pharmaceutical composition comprising a humanized immunoglobulin according to claim 1, 2, 3 or 4 in a pharmaceutically acceptable carrier.

9. A humanized immunoglobulin according to claim 1, 2 or 3, wherein the antigen is an IL-2 receptor.

10. A humanized immunoglobulin according to claim 1, 2 or 3 wherein the donor immunoglobulin is the anti-Tac antibody.

11. A humanized immunoglobulin according to claim 1, 2 or 3, further comprising an amino acid outside the Kabat and Chothia CDRs that replaces the corresponding amino acid in the acceptor immunoglobulin heavy or light chain frameworks, wherein said amino acid is typical for its position in human immunoglobulin sequences and said corresponding amino acid in the acceptor immunoglobulin is rare for its position in human immunoglobulin sequences.
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