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Last Updated: February 28, 2024


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505(b)(2) Clinical Trials for Nitric Oxide

This table shows clinical trials for potential 505(b)(2) applications. See the next table for all clinical trials
Trial Type Trial ID Title Status Sponsor Phase Start Date Summary
OTC NCT01691690 ↗ Analgesic Effect of IV Acetaminophen in Tonsillectomies Completed Nationwide Children's Hospital Phase 2 2012-10-01 Acetaminophen (paracetamol) is a first-line antipyretic and analgesic for mild and moderate pain for pediatric patients. Its common use (particularly in oral form) is underscored by its wide therapeutic window, safety profile, over the counter accessibility, lack of adverse systemic effects (as compared with NSAIDS and opioids) when given in appropriate doses. Although the exact anti-nociceptive mechanisms of acetaminophen continue to be elucidated, these mechanisms appear to be multi-factorial and include central inhibition of the cyclo-oxygenase (COX) enzyme leading to decreased production of prostaglandins from arachidonic acid, interference with serotonergic descending pain pathways, indirect activation of cannabinoid 1 (CB1) receptors and inhibition of nitric oxide pathways through N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) or substance P. Of the above mechanisms, the most commonly known is that of central inhibition of COX enzymes by which the decreased production of prostaglandins diminish the release of excitatory transmitters of substance P and glutamate which are both involved in nociceptive transmission (Anderson, 2008; Smith, 2011). To date, several studies have shown acetaminophen's opioid sparing effect in the pediatric population when given by the rectal or intravenous routes (Korpela et al, 1999; Dashti et al, 2009; Hong et al, 2010).
OTC NCT02675660 ↗ Single and Multiple Doses of an Oral Formulation of L-Homoarginine in Healthy Human Subjects Completed Universitätsklinikum Hamburg-Eppendorf Phase 1 2014-04-01 This study represents an initial clinical evaluation of an oral formulation of L-homoarginine. L-homoarginine and L-arginine are amino acids found in food proteins and are both substrates for nitric oxide synthase (NOS). L-arginine is available as over the counter nutraceutical. This study will provide information on the dosing of L-homoarginine in order to reach high physiological plasma concentrations in humans.
OTC NCT03878654 ↗ Trial of Tauroursodeoxycholic Acid (TUDCA) in Asthma Terminated University of Vermont Phase 1 2019-01-10 Asthma is a chronic lung disease that affects millions of people worldwide, including both children and adults. The cause of asthma is not known, but asthma is strongly associated with inflammation of the airways, often caused by allergies. In order to control this inflammation, most people with asthma are treated with inhaled medications that contain steroids. These medications do a good job of helping most people with asthma feel better. However, these medications are expensive, have side effects, and do not control symptoms in all people with asthma. Recently basic science research colleagues have shown that inflammation due to allergies can be reduced in experimental animals by a naturally occurring bile acid. Bile acids are chemicals made in the liver that are involved in maintaining healthy digestion of fat. Since bile acids are made by our bodies, they have become popular as over the counter supplements that are thought to be important in promoting a healthy liver and metabolism. Interestingly, other research has shown that bile acids may help patients with neurological disease and diabetes. Given all of this information, the investigators propose that a specific bile acid called tauroursodeoxycholic acid (TUDCA) may be helpful in patients with asthma. Before studying this in a clinical trial, the current study is designed to demonstrate that people with asthma can take TUDCA safely and that it doesn't hurt their asthma. The study will involve inviting 12 patients with mild asthma to take TUDCA daily for 12 weeks. During this time the investigators will closely monitor them for any side effects and check their blood and breathing capacity for any signs of detrimental effects. In addition, the investigators will collect cells that line the nose, which are thought to be similar to cells in the airways of the lungs, to see if TUDCA is having any beneficial effects on inflammation. In order to ensure the use of high quality TUDCA, which may or may not be true of over the counter supplements, the investigators have asked the company that is supplying TUDCA for the studies mentioned previously involving neurological disease and diabetes to supply the drug; the brand name is Taurolite. In addition, even though TUDCA is available over the counter, in order to use it for research, the FDA has to approve this use. Accordingly, the investigators have applied for and received permission (IND) from the FDA to use Taurolite for this study.
>Trial Type >Trial ID >Title >Status >Phase >Start Date >Summary

All Clinical Trials for Nitric Oxide

Trial ID Title Status Sponsor Phase Start Date Summary
NCT00000577 ↗ Asthma Clinical Research Network (ACRN) Withdrawn National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) Phase 3 1993-09-01 This study will establish a network of interactive asthma clinical research groups to evaluate current therapies, new therapies, and management strategies for adult asthma.
NCT00000577 ↗ Asthma Clinical Research Network (ACRN) Withdrawn Milton S. Hershey Medical Center Phase 3 1993-09-01 This study will establish a network of interactive asthma clinical research groups to evaluate current therapies, new therapies, and management strategies for adult asthma.
NCT00001303 ↗ Effects of Endotoxin in Normal Human Volunteers Completed National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) Phase 1 1992-04-06 Bacterial infections can progress to a life-threatening illness called septic shock, characterized by low blood pressure and vital organ damage. The syndrome is thought to be caused by parts of the bacteria and by the body s own immune response to the infection. A major bacterial product that interacts with the immune defenses is called endotoxin. This study will examine the body s response to endotoxin in the lungs or bloodstream. When endotoxin is given in small amounts to humans, even though it is not an infection, it triggers a set of responses that are typical of what one would see with a true bacterial infection. This allows us to study the earliest changes in molecules and cells that are involved in some bacterial infections. This type of model is safe and has been used in humans for many years to understand the body s responses during infections. Normal volunteers 18 to 45 years of age may be eligible for this study. Candidates will have a history and physical examination, blood and urine tests, electrocardiogram (EKG) and chest X-ray. In addition, volunteers 40 to 45 years old will have an exercise stress test to screen for asymptomatic coronary artery disease. Participants will undergo one or more of the following procedures: Bronchoscopy, Bronchoalveolar Lavage, Bronchial Brushings, and Endobronchial Mucosal Biopsies: These techniques for examining lung function are used routinely in patient care and clinical research. The mouth and nasal and lung airways are numbed with an anesthetic. A bronchoscope (pencil-thin flexible tube) is then passed through the nose into the large airways of the lung. Cells and secretions from the airways are rinsed with salt water (bronchoalveolar lavage) and a flexible brush the size of a pencil tip is passed through the bronchoscope to scrape cells lining the airways. Lastly, pieces of tissue (the size of the ball of a ballpoint pen) lining the airways are removed for examination under the microscope. Intravenous Endotoxin: A small dose of endotoxin is injected into a vein. Blood samples are drawn at regular intervals for 8 hours after the injection and again after 1, 2, 3, 7 and 14 days to analyze the body s immune response to the bacteria in the blood. Instilled Endotoxin in the Lungs: A small amount (2 teaspoons) of salt water is squirted through a bronchoscope into a lobe of one lung, and then salt water containing a small dose of endotoxin is squirted into the other lung. Bronchial lavage, brushing, and biopsy (see above) are then done to study the response of the lung to the endotoxin. In addition, air is withdrawn through the bronchoscope to study air components from the lung that was instilled with salt water or endotoxin. Nitric Oxide Therapy: Endotoxin is instilled in a lung (see above) and then nitric oxide a colorless, odorless, tasteless gas mixed with room air in a concentration of 40 parts per million, is given through a cushioned mask placed over the mouth and nose. (Some participants will be given the nitric oxide mixture and others will breathe only room air through the mask to test the effects of the nitric oxide on the lung inflammation.) The mask will be worn continuously for 6 hours and removed before repeat bronchoscopy with lavage, brushing and biopsy. Some of the above procedures require placement of a catheter (thin plastic tube) in a wrist artery to monitor blood pressure from heartbeat to heartbeat and to collect blood samples. First, the skin is numbed with an anesthetic (lidocaine). A needle is then inserted into the artery, the catheter is slipped over the needle into the vessel, and the needle is removed.
NCT00001716 ↗ Effects of Nitric Oxide and Nitroglycerin in Patients With Sickle Cell Anemia Completed National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) Phase 2 1998-07-01 Sickle cell anemia is the most common genetic disease affecting African-Americans. About 1 in every 1000 African-Americans has the disease and 1 in every 12 carry the genes that could be passed on to their children. People with sickle cell anemia have abnormal hemoglobin, the molecules responsible for carrying oxygen in the blood. The abnormal hemoglobin can cause damage to the red blood cells. The damaged red blood cell may then stick in the blood vessels and cause pain and injury to organs. Some of the complications caused by the sticking of blood cells are called acute pain crisis and acute chest syndrome (ACS). Nitric oxide (NO) is a gas that has been proposed as a possible therapy for the ACS complication of sickle cell anemia. Studies have shown that NO may favorably affect sickle cell hemoglobin molecules, thereby improving blood flow through small vessels. This study is designed to evaluate the effects of NO, when taken in combination with a drug called nitroglycerin on patients with sickle cell anemia and normal volunteers. The effects of these two drugs only last while the patient is receiving them. Researchers hope the information learned from this study will help to develop new therapies for sickle cell anemia.
NCT00001752 ↗ Vascular and Metabolic Effects of Hormone Therapy Combined With L-Arginine in Postmenopausal Women Completed National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) Phase 2 1998-09-01 Estrogen therapy has been associated with reduced risk of coronary heart disease events in observational studies of postmenopausal women. Although favorable effects of estrogen on lipoprotein cholesterol levels probably account for much of this benefit, direct vascular effects (vasomotor, hemostatic, anti-inflammatory) regulated by nitric oxide (NO) may also be of importance. We have recently shown that vasodilator effects of estrogen in the coronary circulation are due to enhanced bioactivity of NO released from the endothelium. Estrogen has been shown to stimulate synthesis and activity of the enzyme NO synthase with enhanced NO synthesis in endothelial cells in culture. Because L-arginine is the natural substrate for the enzyme NO synthase, we propose that the combination of L-arginine and estrogen might have additive vasomotor, hemostatic and anti-inflammatory effects in hypercholesterolemic postmenopausal women.
NCT00001870 ↗ Study of the Effects of Vitamin C on Patients With Type 2 Diabetes Completed National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health (NCCIH) Phase 2 1999-01-01 Diabetes is a disease characterized by decreased sensitivity to the action on insulin to promote sugar (glucose) use and blood vessel relaxation (vasodilation) in muscle. Insulin's ability to cause blood vessel relaxation is controlled, in part, by nitric oxide (NO). Nitric oxide is a substance produced by the cells lining blood vessel walls (endothelium). Increased blood flow to the muscle accounts for increased sugar (glucose) to areas of the body. Therefore, if the cells of blood vessel walls (endothelium) are not functioning properly it may contribute to insulin resistance. Injections of Vitamin C directly into the arteries have been shown to improve blood vessel reaction to nitric oxide in diabetic patients. Researchers believe this may be due to Vitamin C's ability to increase the levels of nitric oxide in blood vessels. The goal of this study is to determine the effects of vitamin C on both insulin sensitivity and endothelium function of patients with type 2 diabetes. An additional goal of the study is to determine the effects of vitamin C on patients with vitamin C deficiency. Patients participating in this study will undergo a series of testes to determine insulin sensitivity and blood vessel reactivity. Patients will be divided into two groups. One group will receive doses of oral vitamin C. The other group will receive doses of a placebo (inactive pill not containing vitamin C). Patients will receive the medications for four weeks and then be tested again for insulin sensitivity and blood vessel reactivity. Researchers believe that doses of vitamin C in diabetics or patients with vitamin C deficiency will improve insulin sensitivity and function of endothelium. Results gathered form this study may provide information about vitamin C levels in diabetics and may lead to the development of new therapies to treat insulin resistance and endothelium dysfunction.
NCT00003697 ↗ Dimethylxanthenone Acetic Acid in Treating Patients With Solid Tumors Completed University of Glasgow Phase 1 1995-10-01 RATIONALE: Dimethylxanthenone acetic acid may stop the growth of cancer cells by stopping blood flow to the tumor. PURPOSE: Phase I trial to study the effectiveness of dimethylxanthenone acetic acid in treating patients with solid tumors that have not responded to previous therapy.
>Trial ID >Title >Status >Phase >Start Date >Summary

Clinical Trial Conditions for Nitric Oxide

Condition Name

Condition Name for Nitric Oxide
Intervention Trials
Asthma 60
Pulmonary Hypertension 42
Hypertension 33
Sickle Cell Disease 23
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Condition MeSH

Condition MeSH for Nitric Oxide
Intervention Trials
Hypertension 124
Hypertension, Pulmonary 75
Asthma 63
Diabetes Mellitus 39
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Clinical Trial Locations for Nitric Oxide

Trials by Country

Trials by Country for Nitric Oxide
Location Trials
United States 968
Canada 85
United Kingdom 77
Germany 57
Italy 49
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Trials by US State

Trials by US State for Nitric Oxide
Location Trials
California 79
Texas 60
Massachusetts 55
Maryland 54
New York 52
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Clinical Trial Progress for Nitric Oxide

Clinical Trial Phase

Clinical Trial Phase for Nitric Oxide
Clinical Trial Phase Trials
Phase 4 174
Phase 3 128
Phase 2/Phase 3 58
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Clinical Trial Status

Clinical Trial Status for Nitric Oxide
Clinical Trial Phase Trials
Completed 529
Recruiting 108
Terminated 99
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Clinical Trial Sponsors for Nitric Oxide

Sponsor Name

Sponsor Name for Nitric Oxide
Sponsor Trials
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) 58
Mallinckrodt 43
Massachusetts General Hospital 19
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Sponsor Type

Sponsor Type for Nitric Oxide
Sponsor Trials
Other 1262
Industry 287
NIH 131
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