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Last Updated: September 19, 2021

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CLINICAL TRIALS PROFILE FOR KETAMINE HYDROCHLORIDE

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505(b)(2) Clinical Trials for Ketamine Hydrochloride

This table shows clinical trials for potential 505(b)(2) applications. See the next table for all clinical trials
Trial Type Trial ID Title Status Sponsor Phase Start Date Summary
New Combination NCT00236223 ↗ The Effect of Gabapentin, Ketamine and Dexamethasone on Pain and Opioid Requirements After Hip Surgery Terminated Glostrup University Hospital, Copenhagen Phase 4 2005-10-01 Patients scheduled for primary hip replacement needs postoperative pain treatment, i.e. morphine. Morphine has side-effects: nausea, vomiting, sedation and dizziness. These side-effects are unpleasant for the patients and sometimes keeps them at bed longer time than needed. We investigate in new combinations of analgesics for postoperative pain, hoping to minimize the need for morphine.
New Formulation NCT01275547 ↗ The Analgesic Effect of Combined Treatment With Intranasal S-ketamine and Intranasal Midazolam Completed University Hospital, Basel, Switzerland Phase 2/Phase 3 2011-01-01 Introduction Ketamine is an old and generally well accepted analgesic used in the intra- and perioperative setting. Several studies demonstrated the effectiveness of ketamine in the postoperative setting. A new formulation of S-ketamine as an intranasal spray device was tested in our hospital in 8 healthy volunteers (unpublished data, EKBB 351/08). 20 mg of S-ketamine were administered intranasally and compared with S-ketamine i.v. and i.m.. None of the volunteers had serious adverse effects or complications. A preliminary data analysis shows a clear analgesic effect and good absorption of the intranasal S-ketamine. As a next step we would like to investigate the effect of S-ketamine intranasal spray combined with midazolam intranasal spray in a group of postoperative spinal surgery patients. The rational for the combination of intranasal S-ketamine and midazolam is the well known midazolam antagonising effect of ketamine induced psychomimetic adverse effects. Furthermore we know from other studies (EKBB 106/06) that midazolam intranasal spray has relaxant and anxiolytic effects. As far as we know, this is the first study which will examine the combination of S-ketamine and midazolam intranasal sprays in adult patients. Study work plan This prospective, randomized, double-blinded non inferiority study will address pain ratings and patient satisfaction in a postoperative setting in two treatment scenarios: 1. Alternating S-ketamine intranasal unit-dose spray (6 mg per dose) with midazolam intranasal spray (0.75 mg per dose) patient controlled application with a lock-out interval of 20 minutes between two applications and placebo patient controlled analgesia (PCA) with a lock-out interval of 12 minutes with saline 0.9% i.v. for 72 hours or until 40 unit-dose sprays are delivered 2. PCA with 2 mg morphine with a lock-out interval of 12 minutes i.v. with placebo intranasal spray (saline 0.9% + chitosan) with a minimum lock-out interval of 20 minutes for 72 hours or until 40 unit-dose sprays are delivered Patient number We will examine 36 patients, 18 patients in each group. The study duration for an individual patient will be at latest 72 hours, the total study duration is 4 to 5 months. Study importance An intranasal spray is an ideal application form for surgery patients, either in- or outpatients. On the other hand, ketamine and S-ketamine is quite often used in the perioperative setting as a rescue analgesic. In higher doses it could be used as an emergency tool in emergency prehospital medicine. In the perioperative setting it is important to evaluate the efficacy and safety of S-ketamine intranasal spray combined with midazolam intranasal spray in patients. If our study shows that S-ketamine intranasal spray is effective as an analgesic and has good patient acceptance, S-ketamine intranasal spay could be considered as an alternative, completely non-invasive analgesic procedure in a postoperative outpatient setting. As a consequence development of a nasal multidose-applicator combining S-ketamine and midazolam would be of interest.
New Combination NCT03089905 ↗ A Study to Compare the Long-term Outcomes After Two Different Anaesthetics Recruiting Boston Children’s Hospital Phase 3 2017-08-10 There is considerable evidence that most general anaesthetics modulate brain development in animal studies. The impact is greater with longer durations of exposure and in younger animals. There is great controversy over whether or not these animal data are relevant to human clinical scenarios. The changes seen in preclinical studies are greatest with GABA agonists and NMDA antagonists such as volatile anaesthetics (eg sevoflurane), propofol, midazolam, ketamine, and nitrous oxide. There is less evidence for an effect with opioid (such as remifentanil) or with alpha 2 agonists (such as dexmedetomidine). Some, but not all, human cohort studies show an association between exposure to anaesthesia in infancy or early childhood and later changes in cognitive tests, school performance or risk of developing neurodevelopmental disorders. The evidence is weak due to possible confounding. A recent well designed cohort study (the PANDA study) comparing young children that had hernia repair to their siblings found no evidence for a difference in a range of detailed neuropsychological tests. In that study most children were exposed to up to two hours of anaesthesia. The only trial (the GAS trial) has compared children having hernia repair under regional or general anesthesia and has found no evidence for a difference in neurodevelopment when tested at two years of age. The GAS and PANDA studies confirm the animal data that short exposure is unlikely to cause any neurodevelopmental impact. The impact of longer exposures is still unknown. In humans the strongest evidence for an association between surgery and poor neurodevelopmental outcome is in infants having major surgery. However, this is also the group where confounding is most likely. The aim of our study is to see if a new combination of anaesthetic drugs results in a better long-term developmental outcome than the current standard of care for children having surgery lasting at least 2..5 hours. Children will be randomised to receive either a low dose sevoflurane/remifentanil/dexmedetomidine or standard dose sevoflurane anaesthetic. They will receive a neurodevelopmental assessment at 3 years of age to assess global cognitive function.
New Combination NCT03089905 ↗ A Study to Compare the Long-term Outcomes After Two Different Anaesthetics Recruiting Children's Hospital of Philadelphia Phase 3 2017-08-10 There is considerable evidence that most general anaesthetics modulate brain development in animal studies. The impact is greater with longer durations of exposure and in younger animals. There is great controversy over whether or not these animal data are relevant to human clinical scenarios. The changes seen in preclinical studies are greatest with GABA agonists and NMDA antagonists such as volatile anaesthetics (eg sevoflurane), propofol, midazolam, ketamine, and nitrous oxide. There is less evidence for an effect with opioid (such as remifentanil) or with alpha 2 agonists (such as dexmedetomidine). Some, but not all, human cohort studies show an association between exposure to anaesthesia in infancy or early childhood and later changes in cognitive tests, school performance or risk of developing neurodevelopmental disorders. The evidence is weak due to possible confounding. A recent well designed cohort study (the PANDA study) comparing young children that had hernia repair to their siblings found no evidence for a difference in a range of detailed neuropsychological tests. In that study most children were exposed to up to two hours of anaesthesia. The only trial (the GAS trial) has compared children having hernia repair under regional or general anesthesia and has found no evidence for a difference in neurodevelopment when tested at two years of age. The GAS and PANDA studies confirm the animal data that short exposure is unlikely to cause any neurodevelopmental impact. The impact of longer exposures is still unknown. In humans the strongest evidence for an association between surgery and poor neurodevelopmental outcome is in infants having major surgery. However, this is also the group where confounding is most likely. The aim of our study is to see if a new combination of anaesthetic drugs results in a better long-term developmental outcome than the current standard of care for children having surgery lasting at least 2..5 hours. Children will be randomised to receive either a low dose sevoflurane/remifentanil/dexmedetomidine or standard dose sevoflurane anaesthetic. They will receive a neurodevelopmental assessment at 3 years of age to assess global cognitive function.
New Combination NCT03089905 ↗ A Study to Compare the Long-term Outcomes After Two Different Anaesthetics Recruiting Erasmus Medical Center Phase 3 2017-08-10 There is considerable evidence that most general anaesthetics modulate brain development in animal studies. The impact is greater with longer durations of exposure and in younger animals. There is great controversy over whether or not these animal data are relevant to human clinical scenarios. The changes seen in preclinical studies are greatest with GABA agonists and NMDA antagonists such as volatile anaesthetics (eg sevoflurane), propofol, midazolam, ketamine, and nitrous oxide. There is less evidence for an effect with opioid (such as remifentanil) or with alpha 2 agonists (such as dexmedetomidine). Some, but not all, human cohort studies show an association between exposure to anaesthesia in infancy or early childhood and later changes in cognitive tests, school performance or risk of developing neurodevelopmental disorders. The evidence is weak due to possible confounding. A recent well designed cohort study (the PANDA study) comparing young children that had hernia repair to their siblings found no evidence for a difference in a range of detailed neuropsychological tests. In that study most children were exposed to up to two hours of anaesthesia. The only trial (the GAS trial) has compared children having hernia repair under regional or general anesthesia and has found no evidence for a difference in neurodevelopment when tested at two years of age. The GAS and PANDA studies confirm the animal data that short exposure is unlikely to cause any neurodevelopmental impact. The impact of longer exposures is still unknown. In humans the strongest evidence for an association between surgery and poor neurodevelopmental outcome is in infants having major surgery. However, this is also the group where confounding is most likely. The aim of our study is to see if a new combination of anaesthetic drugs results in a better long-term developmental outcome than the current standard of care for children having surgery lasting at least 2..5 hours. Children will be randomised to receive either a low dose sevoflurane/remifentanil/dexmedetomidine or standard dose sevoflurane anaesthetic. They will receive a neurodevelopmental assessment at 3 years of age to assess global cognitive function.
New Combination NCT03089905 ↗ A Study to Compare the Long-term Outcomes After Two Different Anaesthetics Recruiting Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children NHS Foundation Trust Phase 3 2017-08-10 There is considerable evidence that most general anaesthetics modulate brain development in animal studies. The impact is greater with longer durations of exposure and in younger animals. There is great controversy over whether or not these animal data are relevant to human clinical scenarios. The changes seen in preclinical studies are greatest with GABA agonists and NMDA antagonists such as volatile anaesthetics (eg sevoflurane), propofol, midazolam, ketamine, and nitrous oxide. There is less evidence for an effect with opioid (such as remifentanil) or with alpha 2 agonists (such as dexmedetomidine). Some, but not all, human cohort studies show an association between exposure to anaesthesia in infancy or early childhood and later changes in cognitive tests, school performance or risk of developing neurodevelopmental disorders. The evidence is weak due to possible confounding. A recent well designed cohort study (the PANDA study) comparing young children that had hernia repair to their siblings found no evidence for a difference in a range of detailed neuropsychological tests. In that study most children were exposed to up to two hours of anaesthesia. The only trial (the GAS trial) has compared children having hernia repair under regional or general anesthesia and has found no evidence for a difference in neurodevelopment when tested at two years of age. The GAS and PANDA studies confirm the animal data that short exposure is unlikely to cause any neurodevelopmental impact. The impact of longer exposures is still unknown. In humans the strongest evidence for an association between surgery and poor neurodevelopmental outcome is in infants having major surgery. However, this is also the group where confounding is most likely. The aim of our study is to see if a new combination of anaesthetic drugs results in a better long-term developmental outcome than the current standard of care for children having surgery lasting at least 2..5 hours. Children will be randomised to receive either a low dose sevoflurane/remifentanil/dexmedetomidine or standard dose sevoflurane anaesthetic. They will receive a neurodevelopmental assessment at 3 years of age to assess global cognitive function.
>Trial Type >Trial ID >Title >Status >Phase >Start Date >Summary

All Clinical Trials for Ketamine Hydrochloride

Trial ID Title Status Sponsor Phase Start Date Summary
NCT00054704 ↗ Riluzole to Treat Depression in Bipolar Disorder Terminated National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) Phase 2 2003-02-01 This study examines if Riluzole, FDA approved for ALS, will improve symptoms of depression in Bipolar Disorder. Purpose: This study will examine the safety and effectiveness of riluzole (Rilutek trademark) for short-term treatment of depression symptoms, such as depressed mood, psychomotor retardation, and excessive sleeping in patients with bipolar disease. Riluzole is approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to treat amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS, also known as Lou Gehrig's disease). Preliminary findings of a study using riluzole to treat acute depression in patients with unipolar depression indicate that it may have antidepressant properties in some patients. Patients between 18 and 70 years of age with bipolar I or II disorder without psychosis may be eligible for this 8-week study. Candidates must be currently depressed, must have had at least one previous major depressive episode, and must have failed to improve with prior treatment with at least one antidepressant. They will be screened with a medical history, physical examination, electrocardiogram (EKG), blood and urine tests, and psychiatric evaluation. A blood or urine sample will be analyzed for illegal drugs. Women of childbearing potential will have a pregnancy test. Participants will begin an 8-week course of treatment, starting with a placebo (a sugar pill formulated to look like the active drug) and, at some point, switching to riluzole. In addition to drug treatment, participants will undergo the following procedures: Physical examination and electrocardiogram (EKG) at the beginning and end of the study; Weekly check of vital signs (temperature, blood pressure and heart rate); Weekly 1-hour interviews consisting of psychiatric and psychomotor rating scales to assess treatment response; Weekly blood tests to measure blood levels of riluzole and evaluate drug side effects. At the end of the study, participants' psychiatric status will be reassessed and appropriate long-term psychiatric treatment arranged. Atendemos pacientes de habla hispana. We enroll eligible participants locally and from around the country. Travel arrangements are provided and costs covered by the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH). (Arrangements vary by distance and by specific study.) After completing the study participants receive short-term follow-up care while transitioning back to a provider.
NCT00088699 ↗ Rapid Antidepressant Effects of Ketamine in Major Depression Recruiting National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) Phase 1/Phase 2 2004-07-01 This study examines whether Ketamine can cause a rapid-next day antidepressant effect in patients with Major Depression/Bipolar Disorder . Purpose: This study will test whether a single dose of ketamine - a drug that blocks a brain receptor called NMDA - can cause a rapid (next day) antidepressant effect in patients with major depression. Several medications are effective for treating depression; however, they take weeks or months to achieve their full effects. A more rapidly acting antidepressant would have a significant impact on the treatment of depression. In a previous study, ketamine produced a rapid antidepressant effect within hours, but the effect lasted less than 1 week. Understanding how ketamine works may lead to a better understanding of the causes of depression and the design of a longer lasting rapidly acting antidepressant.Patients between 18 and 65 years of age who are currently experiencing an episode of major depression of at least 4 weeks duration and have not responded to two treatment trials may be eligible for this study. Candidates are screened with a medical and psychiatric history, physical examination, and blood and urine tests.Participants undergo the following tests and procedures:Medication tapering: Patients who are taking medications for depression are tapered off the drugs over a 1- to 2-week period. Ketamine/placebo trial: Patients are given a single dose of either ketamine or placebo (an inactive substance), administered intravenously (through a vein) over 40 minutes. After 7 days, patients are given another dose of study drug in crossover fashion; that is, those who previously took ketamine are switched to receive placebo, and those who took placebo are switched to ketamine. Oximetry (measurement of blood oxygen), pulse, and blood pressure are measured continuously for 1 hour before and 4 hours after each ketamine or placebo dose to monitor safety. Interviews and rating scales: Patients complete a series of psychiatric rating scales to assess the effects of the study drug on mood and thinking. The rating scales are repeated up to 18 times during the study, with each time taking about 15 to 20 minutes. Physical examination and laboratory tests: Patients have a physical examination, blood tests, weight measure, and electrocardiogram (ECG) at the beginning and end of the study.
NCT00115102 ↗ Sensory Examination and Pharmacological Modulation of Oral Hyperexcitability in Patients With Atypical Odontalgia and Matched Healthy Controls Completed Danish Pain Research Center Phase 4 2004-03-01 This project examines experimental pain and chronic pain in the mouth, specifically the condition called atypical odontalgia (AO:atypical toothpain). In 16 patients with AO and 16 healthy persons, capsaicin (chili-pepper) is applied to the gingiva to cause pain. This pain is evaluated by the participants. In three sessions, 3 different medications are tested for effect on the pain. The medications are fentanyl, S-ketamine and placebo-treatment (saline). The aim is to know more about pain mechanisms in AO in order to develop an effective treatment.
NCT00115102 ↗ Sensory Examination and Pharmacological Modulation of Oral Hyperexcitability in Patients With Atypical Odontalgia and Matched Healthy Controls Completed University of Aarhus Phase 4 2004-03-01 This project examines experimental pain and chronic pain in the mouth, specifically the condition called atypical odontalgia (AO:atypical toothpain). In 16 patients with AO and 16 healthy persons, capsaicin (chili-pepper) is applied to the gingiva to cause pain. This pain is evaluated by the participants. In three sessions, 3 different medications are tested for effect on the pain. The medications are fentanyl, S-ketamine and placebo-treatment (saline). The aim is to know more about pain mechanisms in AO in order to develop an effective treatment.
NCT00122759 ↗ Ketamine Sedation in Mechanically Ventilated Patients Unknown status Assistance Publique - HĂ´pitaux de Paris N/A 2005-12-01 - Adequate sedation is of paramount importance to avoid stress and pain in mechanically ventilated patients. It is usually achieved by infusing sedatives (benzodiazepine) and analgesic (opiate) drugs. - This combined sedation may not be sufficient in some instances. - The aim of this study is to evaluate whether addition of a third substance, ketamine, allows the achievement of better sedation and avoids the use of neuromuscular blocking agents.
NCT00137085 ↗ Ketamine Versus Fentanyl as an Adjunct to Propofol-Assisted Emergency Department Procedural Sedation Completed The Physicians' Services Incorporated Foundation N/A 2004-09-01 We, the investigators at Queen's University, propose to conduct a randomized, double-blind, feasibility trial comparing low-dose ketamine versus fentanyl as adjuncts to Emergency Department procedural sedation with propofol. The outcomes of interest will be safety, with respect to hemodynamic and respiratory adverse effects, as well as efficacy, with respect to adequacy of sedation and analgesia, recovery profiles and patient/physician satisfaction. Our hypothesis, based on a review of existing anesthesia literature, is that low-dose ketamine may be a safer and more efficacious alternative to fentanyl when used as an adjunct to propofol-assisted procedural sedation.
>Trial ID >Title >Status >Phase >Start Date >Summary

Clinical Trial Conditions for Ketamine Hydrochloride

Condition Name

Condition Name for Ketamine Hydrochloride
Intervention Trials
Pain 72
Major Depressive Disorder 55
Depression 53
Postoperative Pain 50
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Condition MeSH

Condition MeSH for Ketamine Hydrochloride
Intervention Trials
Depression 163
Depressive Disorder 145
Pain, Postoperative 107
Depressive Disorder, Major 82
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Clinical Trial Locations for Ketamine Hydrochloride

Trials by Country

Trials by Country for Ketamine Hydrochloride
Location Trials
United States 477
Egypt 66
France 48
Canada 46
Israel 26
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Trials by US State

Trials by US State for Ketamine Hydrochloride
Location Trials
New York 72
Connecticut 36
Texas 33
California 32
Massachusetts 29
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Clinical Trial Progress for Ketamine Hydrochloride

Clinical Trial Phase

Clinical Trial Phase for Ketamine Hydrochloride
Clinical Trial Phase Trials
Phase 4 304
Phase 3 111
Phase 2/Phase 3 53
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Clinical Trial Status

Clinical Trial Status for Ketamine Hydrochloride
Clinical Trial Phase Trials
Recruiting 305
Not yet recruiting 265
Completed 242
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Clinical Trial Sponsors for Ketamine Hydrochloride

Sponsor Name

Sponsor Name for Ketamine Hydrochloride
Sponsor Trials
Assiut University 36
National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) 29
Yale University 29
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Sponsor Type

Sponsor Type for Ketamine Hydrochloride
Sponsor Trials
Other 1152
Industry 91
NIH 41
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