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Generated: December 9, 2018

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CLINICAL TRIALS PROFILE FOR ISONIAZID; RIFAMPIN

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Clinical Trials for Isoniazid; Rifampin

Trial ID Title Status Sponsor Phase Summary
NCT00000636 Prophylaxis Against Tuberculosis (TB) in Patients With Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Infection and Confirmed Latent Tuberculous Infection Completed National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) N/A To evaluate and compare the effectiveness of a 2-month regimen of rifampin and pyrazinamide versus a 1-year course of isoniazid (INH) to prevent the development of tuberculosis in patients who are coinfected with HIV and latent Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTb). Current guidelines recommend 6 to 12 months of treatment with INH for purified protein derivative (PPD)-positive individuals. Problems with this treatment include compliance, adverse reaction, and the possibility of not preventing disease due to INH-resistant organisms. Studies suggest that two or three months of rifampin and pyrazinamide may be more effective than longer courses of INH. A two-month prevention course should help to increase compliance. In addition, the use of two drugs (rifampin and pyrazinamide) may help overcome problems with drug resistance.
NCT00000638 Preventive Treatment Against Tuberculosis (TB) in Patients With Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Infection and Confirmed Latent Tuberculous Infection Completed Hoechst Marion Roussel N/A To evaluate and compare the safety and effectiveness of a one-year course of isoniazid (INH) versus a two-month course of rifampin plus pyrazinamide for the prevention of reactivation tuberculosis in individuals infected with both HIV and latent (inactive) Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Current guidelines from the American Thoracic Society and the Centers for Disease Control recommend 6 to 12 months of INH for PPD (purified protein derivative)-positive individuals. Although the effectiveness of this treatment is not known for HIV-infected individuals, several studies using INH to prevent tuberculosis in presumably normal hosts have shown 60 to 80 percent effectiveness. Problems with this treatment include compliance, adverse reaction, and the possibility of not preventing disease due to tuberculosis organisms being resistant to INH. A two-month preventive treatment plan should help in increasing compliance. In addition, the use of two drugs (rifampin / pyrazinamide) may help overcome problems with drug resistance. If this study shows equal or greater effectiveness of the two-month rifampin / pyrazinamide treatment, it could alter the approach to tuberculosis prevention for both HIV-positive and HIV-negative individuals.
NCT00000638 Preventive Treatment Against Tuberculosis (TB) in Patients With Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Infection and Confirmed Latent Tuberculous Infection Completed Lederle Laboratories N/A To evaluate and compare the safety and effectiveness of a one-year course of isoniazid (INH) versus a two-month course of rifampin plus pyrazinamide for the prevention of reactivation tuberculosis in individuals infected with both HIV and latent (inactive) Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Current guidelines from the American Thoracic Society and the Centers for Disease Control recommend 6 to 12 months of INH for PPD (purified protein derivative)-positive individuals. Although the effectiveness of this treatment is not known for HIV-infected individuals, several studies using INH to prevent tuberculosis in presumably normal hosts have shown 60 to 80 percent effectiveness. Problems with this treatment include compliance, adverse reaction, and the possibility of not preventing disease due to tuberculosis organisms being resistant to INH. A two-month preventive treatment plan should help in increasing compliance. In addition, the use of two drugs (rifampin / pyrazinamide) may help overcome problems with drug resistance. If this study shows equal or greater effectiveness of the two-month rifampin / pyrazinamide treatment, it could alter the approach to tuberculosis prevention for both HIV-positive and HIV-negative individuals.
NCT00000638 Preventive Treatment Against Tuberculosis (TB) in Patients With Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Infection and Confirmed Latent Tuberculous Infection Completed National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) N/A To evaluate and compare the safety and effectiveness of a one-year course of isoniazid (INH) versus a two-month course of rifampin plus pyrazinamide for the prevention of reactivation tuberculosis in individuals infected with both HIV and latent (inactive) Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Current guidelines from the American Thoracic Society and the Centers for Disease Control recommend 6 to 12 months of INH for PPD (purified protein derivative)-positive individuals. Although the effectiveness of this treatment is not known for HIV-infected individuals, several studies using INH to prevent tuberculosis in presumably normal hosts have shown 60 to 80 percent effectiveness. Problems with this treatment include compliance, adverse reaction, and the possibility of not preventing disease due to tuberculosis organisms being resistant to INH. A two-month preventive treatment plan should help in increasing compliance. In addition, the use of two drugs (rifampin / pyrazinamide) may help overcome problems with drug resistance. If this study shows equal or greater effectiveness of the two-month rifampin / pyrazinamide treatment, it could alter the approach to tuberculosis prevention for both HIV-positive and HIV-negative individuals.
NCT00000796 A Prospective Study of Multidrug Resistance and a Pilot Study of the Safety of and Clinical and Microbiologic Response to Levofloxacin in Combination With Other Antimycobacterial Drugs for Treatment of Multidrug-Resistant Pulmonary Tuberculosis (MDRT Completed National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) N/A To determine the demographic, behavioral, clinical, and geographic risk factors associated with the occurrence of multidrug-resistant pulmonary tuberculosis (MDRTB). To evaluate the clinical and microbiological responses and overall survival of MDRTB patients who are treated with levofloxacin-containing multiple-drug regimens chosen from a hierarchical list. Per 9/28/94 amendment, to assess whether persistent or recurrent positive sputum cultures of patients who show failure or relapse are due to the same strain or reinfection with a new strain. Among TB patients, there has been an increase in progressive disease due to the emergence of antimycobacterial drug-resistant strains of Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Failure to identify patients at high risk for MDRTB increases the hazard for both treatment failure and development of resistance to additional therapeutic agents. Efforts to improve survival in patients with MDRTB will depend on improved methods of assessing the risk of acquisition of MDRTB and identifying drug susceptibility patterns in a timely fashion.
Trial ID Title Status Sponsor Phase Summary

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Clinical Trial Conditions for Isoniazid; Rifampin

Condition Name

Condition Name for Isoniazid; Rifampin
Intervention Trials
Tuberculosis 27
HIV Infections 8
Pulmonary Tuberculosis 3
Latent Tuberculosis Infection 3
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Condition MeSH

Condition MeSH for Isoniazid; Rifampin
Intervention Trials
Tuberculosis 41
Tuberculosis, Pulmonary 11
Infection 8
HIV Infections 8
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Clinical Trial Locations for Isoniazid; Rifampin

Trials by Country

Trials by Country for Isoniazid; Rifampin
Location Trials
United States 131
Canada 21
South Africa 15
Brazil 13
Spain 6
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Trials by US State

Trials by US State for Isoniazid; Rifampin
Location Trials
California 12
New York 11
Maryland 9
Illinois 9
Texas 8
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Clinical Trial Progress for Isoniazid; Rifampin

Clinical Trial Phase

Clinical Trial Phase for Isoniazid; Rifampin
Clinical Trial Phase Trials
Phase 4 9
Phase 3 14
Phase 2/Phase 3 1
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Clinical Trial Status

Clinical Trial Status for Isoniazid; Rifampin
Clinical Trial Phase Trials
Completed 24
Recruiting 6
Not yet recruiting 4
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Clinical Trial Sponsors for Isoniazid; Rifampin

Sponsor Name

Sponsor Name for Isoniazid; Rifampin
Sponsor Trials
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) 9
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention 9
Johns Hopkins University 4
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Sponsor Type

Sponsor Type for Isoniazid; Rifampin
Sponsor Trials
Other 102
U.S. Fed 12
NIH 10
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