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Generated: February 22, 2019

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CLINICAL TRIALS PROFILE FOR COPPER

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Clinical Trials for Copper

Trial ID Title Status Sponsor Phase Summary
NCT00001262 Copper Histidine Therapy for Menkes Diseases Completed Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) Phase 1/Phase 2 Menkes Disease is a genetic disorder affecting the metabolism of copper. Patient with this disease are both physically and mentally retarded. Menkes disease is usually first detected in the first 2-3 months of life. Infant males born with the disease fail to thrive, experience hypothermia, have delayed development, and experience seizures. These infants also have characteristic physical features such as changes of their hair and face. Females may also have changes in hair and skin color, but rarely have significant medical problems. Appropriate treatment of Menkes Disease requires that the disease be diagnosed early and treatment started before irreversible brain damage occurs. The aim of treatment is to bypass the normal route of absorption of copper through the gastrointestinal tract. Copper must then be delivered to brain cells and be available for use by enzymes. Copper histidine is a copper replacement that can be injected directly into the body to avoid absorption through the gastrointestinal tract. However, studies have shown the genetic abnormalities causing Menkes disease cannot simply be corrected by copper replacement injections. The genetic abnormality causing Menkes disease can vary in its severity. Patients with a genetic abnormality that may still permit some production of the enzymes required to process copper may receive benefit from early treatment with copper replacement. However, patients with severe abnormalities of the genes responsible for copper metabolism may receive no benefit from copper replacement. The purpose of this study is to continue to evaluate the effects of early copper histidine in Menkes disease patients and to correlate specific molecular defects with responses to treatment.
NCT00003751 Penicillamine, Low Copper Diet, and Radiation Therapy in Treating Patients With Glioblastoma Completed National Cancer Institute (NCI) Phase 2 RATIONALE: Penicillamine may stop the growth of glioblastomas by stopping blood flow to the tumor. A diet low in copper may interfere with the growth of brain tumor cells. Radiation therapy uses high-energy x-rays to damage tumor cells. Combining these therapies may be effective in treating glioblastoma. PURPOSE: Phase II trial to study the effectiveness of penicillamine, a low copper diet, and radiation therapy in treating patients who have newly diagnosed glioblastoma.
NCT00003751 Penicillamine, Low Copper Diet, and Radiation Therapy in Treating Patients With Glioblastoma Completed Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center Phase 2 RATIONALE: Penicillamine may stop the growth of glioblastomas by stopping blood flow to the tumor. A diet low in copper may interfere with the growth of brain tumor cells. Radiation therapy uses high-energy x-rays to damage tumor cells. Combining these therapies may be effective in treating glioblastoma. PURPOSE: Phase II trial to study the effectiveness of penicillamine, a low copper diet, and radiation therapy in treating patients who have newly diagnosed glioblastoma.
NCT00004338 Study of Zinc for Wilson Disease Completed University of Michigan Phase 4 OBJECTIVES: I. Establish the safety and efficacy of extended maintenance zinc therapy in 200 patients with Wilson disease. II. Establish further the role of zinc in the prophylactic treatment of presymptomatic patients by increasing the current cohort from 80 to at least 100 patients. III. Establish further the role of zinc therapy in pregnant patients with Wilson disease. IV. Establish further the role of zinc therapy in children with Wilson disease.
NCT00004338 Study of Zinc for Wilson Disease Completed National Center for Research Resources (NCRR) Phase 4 OBJECTIVES: I. Establish the safety and efficacy of extended maintenance zinc therapy in 200 patients with Wilson disease. II. Establish further the role of zinc in the prophylactic treatment of presymptomatic patients by increasing the current cohort from 80 to at least 100 patients. III. Establish further the role of zinc therapy in pregnant patients with Wilson disease. IV. Establish further the role of zinc therapy in children with Wilson disease.
NCT00006332 Treatment of Hepatocellular Carcinoma With Tetrathiomolybdate Completed National Center for Research Resources (NCRR) Phase 2 Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a deadly tumor for which the incidence is increasing in the United States, primarily due to prevalence of hepatitis C infection. An important aspect of the development of HCC is that it occurs in patients who have underlying cirrhosis of the liver, thereby limiting the therapeutic options. There is potential curative treatment for these patients, such as resection of the tumor lesion and liver transplantation, but these treatments are feasible in a small percent of patients only. Furthermore, the majority of the patients with HCC are also not candidates for palliative treatments such as percutaneous ablation of the tumor, chemotherapy or radiation. Additionally, it has been shown that these palliative treatment modalities do not alter survival, and are associated with significant risks. Therefore, there are no treatment options for most patients with HCC. A new theory has emerged in the fight against cancer through inhibition of angiogenesis (development of new blood vessels). The hypothesis being that if there is no blood supply "feeding" the tumor cells cannot divide or survive. One such approach, pioneered in this institution by Drs. George Brewer and Sofia Merajver, is the anticopper approach using the medication tetrathiomolybdate (TM). By creating a mild copper deficiency state, several pathways required for angiogenesis are inhibited. They performed a Phase I trial in which patients with metastatic cancer were treated with TM resulting in decrease tumor vascularity. TM had excellent safety profile in this patient population. HCC is well known to be a hypervascular tumor. An antiangiogenesis approach might provide a novel treatment for this HCC. This is a pilot study of 10 patients with HCC who are not candidates for curative surgical therapy with resection or liver transplantation, nor for ablative techniques. Patients seen in the General Liver clinic and Liver Transplant clinic who have an overall good performance status, with an expected survival of more than 6 months will be enrolled. After an initial evaluation, they will be given 120 mg/day of TM in divided doses for one year. The size and vascularity of the tumor will be evaluated by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The primary outcome of this study is to prevent tumor progression.
NCT00010634 Complementary Naturopathic Medicine for Periodontitis Completed National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health (NCCIH) Phase 2 This study aims to assess selected naturopathic medicines for adult periodontitis and to identify variables that influence successful outcomes when traditional and alternative approaches to preventing and treating periodontal diseases are combined. Collaboration between Kaiser Permanente, Oregon Health Science University and the National College of Naturopathic Medicine provides an unsurpassed environment for such investigations. Periodontitis is a major cause of tooth loss and negatively impacts systemic health. The limitations of traditional periodontal treatment have compelled scientists and clinicians to investigate new remedies, and naturopathic medicine holds several promising interventions. Because they are used to improve elements of host resistance that are known to be important in periodontal health and disease, three naturopathic medicines are potential adjuncts in preventing and treating periodontitis. Connective tissue components are enzymatically degraded in periodontitis. In naturopathy, Connective Tissue Nutrient Formula (CTNF) (vitamins A, C and D, glucosamine sulfate, oligoproanthocyanindins, copper, zinc, manganese, boron, silicon, magnesium, and calcium) is prescribed specifically to enhance the integrity of key connective tissue elements and improve their resistance to degradation. Periodontitis begins when permeability of the oral sulcular epithelium permits pathogenic bacterial components to invade deeper periodontal connective tissues. In naturopathy, glutamine is prescribed to reduce oral-intestinal epithelial membrane permeability. Chronic activation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis during the stress response, is a risk factor for periodontitis. Adaptogenic herbs (AH) (Panax ginseng, Withania somnifera and Eleutherococcus senticosus) are prescribed by naturopathic physicians to reverse the impact of bacterial and psychosocial stressors. Because glutamine, CTNF and AH target pathophysiologic mechanisms known to underline periodontitis, they are compelling candidates in clinical and mechanistic investigations of complementary medicine approaches to the management of periodontitis. Kaiser Permanente adult periodontitis patients will serve as subjects and receive standard periodontal treatment. Three of the four randomly assigned groups will also receive supplements of glutamine, CTNF, or AH. We will determine the effects of these supplements on clinical outcomes (attachment loss, pocket depths, indicators of inflammation, plaque composition, need for periodontal surgery, acute periodontal problems, tooth loss). In addition to completing the battery of self-report measures (stress, coping, quality of life), study subjects will provide samples of blood, saliva, gingival cervicular fluid and bacterial dental plaque. These samples will be examined as part of the Laboratory Core to identify biologic and genetic characteristics that correlate with successful outcomes. Storage of portions of the samples will allow future examination of additional variables as part of the Developmental Projects carried out as the Craniofacial Complementary & Alternative Center is established and Phase III trials are undertaken.
Trial ID Title Status Sponsor Phase Summary

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Clinical Trial Conditions for Copper

Condition Name

Condition Name for Copper
Intervention Trials
Contraception 17
HIV 5
Pregnancy 4
Wilson Disease 4
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Condition MeSH

Condition MeSH for Copper
Intervention Trials
Hepatolenticular Degeneration 5
Glioblastoma 5
Emergencies 4
Breast Neoplasms 4
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Clinical Trial Locations for Copper

Trials by Country

Trials by Country for Copper
Location Trials
United States 151
India 5
Egypt 5
Spain 4
Canada 4
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Trials by US State

Trials by US State for Copper
Location Trials
Michigan 14
New York 13
California 13
Pennsylvania 12
Texas 10
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Clinical Trial Progress for Copper

Clinical Trial Phase

Clinical Trial Phase for Copper
Clinical Trial Phase Trials
Phase 4 11
Phase 3 12
Phase 2/Phase 3 6
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Clinical Trial Status

Clinical Trial Status for Copper
Clinical Trial Phase Trials
Completed 53
Recruiting 24
Not yet recruiting 11
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Clinical Trial Sponsors for Copper

Sponsor Name

Sponsor Name for Copper
Sponsor Trials
University of Utah 6
National Cancer Institute (NCI) 5
Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) 5
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Sponsor Type

Sponsor Type for Copper
Sponsor Trials
Other 138
NIH 27
Industry 20
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US Department of Justice
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