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Last Updated: January 18, 2020

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Claims for Patent: 8,314,058

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Summary for Patent: 8,314,058
Title:Uptake of macromolecules
Abstract: The invention provides a pharmaceutical composition comprising a mixture of: (a) an active macromolecular principle; and (b) a non-conjugated bile acid or salt; and (c) an additive chosen from propyl gallate, butyl hydroxy anisole (BHA) and analogues and derivatives thereof, or mixtures thereof.
Inventor(s): New; Roger R. C. (London, GB)
Assignee: Axcess Limited (St. Helier, JE)
Application Number:10/553,169
Patent Claims:1. A solid pharmaceutical composition comprising a mixture of: (a) an active macromolecular principle which is a polypeptide or protein, polynucleotide or polysaccharide; (b) a non-conjugated bile acid or salt; and (c) an additive chosen from (i) propyl gallate or a linear or branched chain C.sub.1-12 alkyl, C.sub.1-12 alkyloxy, C.sub.1-12 alkylthio or C.sub.2-12 alkenyl ester of gallic acid which is optionally substituted with one or more groups which are the same or different and are selected from halogen and linear or branched chain C.sub.1-12 alkyl, C.sub.1-12 alkyloxy, C.sub.1-12 alkylthio or C.sub.2-12 alkenyl; (ii) butyl hydroxy anisole, or hydroxy anisole wherein the methoxy group linked to the aromatic ring and/or the hydrogen ortho to the hydroxyl group is/are replaced by one or more groups which are the same or different and are selected from linear or branched chain C.sub.1-12 alkyl, C.sub.1-12 alkyloxy, C.sub.1-12 alkylthio and C.sub.2-12 alkenyl, either unsubstituted or substituted in any position by one or more halogen atoms; and (iii) a mixture of (i) and (ii) wherein the mixture comprises at least 1% by weight of the additive (c), wherein the ratio by weight of the non-conjugated bile salt+additive (b+c) to the active macromolecular principle is at least 3:1 and wherein the composition, when introduced into the intestine, does not raise the pH of the intestinal fluid above pH 7.0.

2. A composition according to claim 1, which comprises less than 5% by weight of water.

3. A composition according to claim 1, wherein the ratio by weight of the non-conjugated bile salt+additive (b+c) to the active macromolecular principle is at least 5:1.

4. A composition according to claim 1, wherein the mixture is in the form of a solution or a microparticulate dispersion.

5. A composition according to claim 1, wherein the mixture is in solid form.

6. A composition according to claim 1, where the active macromolecular principle is chosen from insulin, calcitonin, growth hormone, parathyroid hormone, erythropoietin, GLP1 and GCSF, or is single, double or triple-stranded RNA.

7. A composition according to claim 6, where the active macromolecular principle is insulin, calcitonin or parathyroid hormone.

8. A composition according to claim 7, where the active macromolecular principle is insulin and the composition further comprises an insulin sensitizing agent.

9. A composition according to claim 1, wherein component (b) is chenodeoxycholate.

10. A composition according to claim 1, wherein the additive is propyl gallate or a linear or branched chain C.sub.1-12 alkyl, C.sub.1-12 alkyloxy, C.sub.1-12 alkylthio or C.sub.2-12 alkenyl ester of gallic acid which is optionally substituted with one or more groups which are the same or different and are selected from halogen and linear or branched chain C.sub.1-12 alkyl, C.sub.1-12 alkyloxy, C.sub.1-12 alkylthio or C.sub.2-12 alkenyl.

11. A composition according to claim 1, wherein the additive is butyl hydroxy anisole or hydroxy anisole where the methoxy group linked to the aromatic ring and/or the hydrogen ortho to the hydroxyl group are replaced by linear or branched chain C.sub.1-12 alkyl, C.sub.1-12 alkyloxy, C.sub.1-12 alkylthio or C.sub.2-12 alkenyl, either unsubstituted or substituted in any position by one or more halogen atoms.

12. A composition according to claim 1, wherein the composition is coated with an enteric coating which becomes permeable at a pH from 3 to 7.

13. A pharmaceutical composition according to claim 12, wherein the enteric coating becomes permeable at a pH from 5.5 to 7.

14. A pharmaceutical composition according to claim 13, wherein the enteric coating becomes permeable at a pH from 5.5 to 6.5.

15. A composition according to claim 1, wherein the composition, when introduced into the intestine, enhances absorption of the active macromolecular principle due to the additive improving solubility of the bile salt.

16. A composition according to claim 1, which is water soluble.

17. A composition according to claim 1, which is an oral pharmaceutical composition, and wherein, when the composition is introduced into the intestines, the additive (c) enhances the solubility of the non-conjugated bile salt.

18. A composition according to claim 1, wherein the additive allows the non-conjugated bile acid or salt to remain in solution when added to intestinal fluids at pH levels between 5 and 6.5.

19. A composition according to claim 1, which does not comprise an agent which, when introduced into the intestine, raises the pH of the intestinal fluid above pH 7.5.

20. A method of enhancing the absorption of an active macromolecular principle in a patient, which method comprises administering to said patient a composition as defined in claim 1.

21. A method of enhancing the absorption of an active macromolecular principle which is polypeptide or protein, polynucleotide or polysaccharide across the intestinal wall in a human or animal body, which method comprises administering a non-conjugated bile acid or salt, together with an additive chosen from: (i) propyl gallate or a linear or branched chain C.sub.1-12 alkyl, C.sub.1-12 alkyloxy, C.sub.1-12 alkylthio or C.sub.2-12 alkenyl ester of gallic acid which is optionally substituted with one or more groups which are the same or different and are selected from halogen and linear or branched chain C.sub.1-12 alkyl, C.sub.1-12 alkyloxy, C.sub.1-12 alkylthio or C.sub.2-12 alkenyl; (ii) butyl hydroxy anisole, or hydroxy anisole wherein the methoxy group linked to the aromatic ring and/or the hydrogen ortho to the hydroxyl group is/are replaced by one or more groups which are the same or different and are selected from linear or branched chain C.sub.1-12 alkyl, C.sub.1-12 alkyloxy, C.sub.1-12 alkylthio and C.sub.2-12 alkenyl, either unsubstituted or substituted in any position by one or more halogen atoms; and (iii) a mixture of (i) and (ii) together with the active macromolecular principle in a solid pharmaceutical composition, wherein the additive accounts for at least 1% by weight of the total weight of (a) the active macromolecular principle, (b) the non-conjugated bile acid or salt, plus (c) the additive, wherein the ratio by weight of the non-conjugated bile salt+additive (b+c) to the active macromolecular principle is at least 3:1 and wherein the composition, when introduced into the intestine, does not raise the pH of the intestinal fluid above pH 7.0, which method enhances the absorption of the active macromolecular principle due to the additive improving the solubility of the bile salt.

22. A method according to claim 21 wherein the active macromolecular principle to be absorbed is chosen from insulin, calcitonin, growth hormone, parathyroid hormone, erythropoietin, GLP1 and GCSF, or is single, double or triple-stranded RNA.

23. A method according to claim 22, wherein the active macromolecular principle to be absorbed is insulin, calcitonin or parathyroid hormone.

24. A method according to claim 23, wherein the active macromolecular principle to be absorbed is insulin and an insulin sensitizing agent is also present.

25. A method according to claim 21, wherein the composition comprises less than 5% by weight of water.

26. A method according to claim 21, wherein the active macromolecular principle, which is a polypeptide or protein, polynucleotide or polysaccharide, the non-conjugated bile acid or salt and the additive are formulated as a solution, a microparticulate dispersion or a solid.

27. A method according to claim 21, wherein the composition is coated with an enteric coating which becomes permeable at a pH from 3 to 7.

28. A method according to claim 27, wherein the enteric coating becomes permeable at a pH from 5.5 to 7.

29. A method according to claim 28, wherein the enteric coating becomes permeable at a pH from 5.5 to 6.5.

30. A method according to claim 21, wherein the composition is water soluble.

31. A method according to claim 21, wherein the additive allows the non-conjugated bile acid or salt to remain in solution when added to intestinal fluids at pH levels between 5 and 6.5.

32. A method according to claim 21, wherein the composition does not comprise an agent which, when introduced into the intestine, raises the pH of the intestinal fluid above pH 7.5.

Summary for Patent:   Start Trial

Foriegn Application Priority Data
Foreign Country Foreign Patent Number Foreign Patent Date
United Kingdom0308734.3Apr 15, 2003
PCT Information
PCT FiledApril 15, 2004PCT Application Number:PCT/GB2004/001651
PCT Publication Date:October 28, 2004PCT Publication Number:WO2004/091667

Details for Patent 8,314,058

Applicant Tradename Biologic Ingredient Dosage Form BLA Number Approval Date Patent No. Assignee Estimated Patent Expiration Status Orphan Source
Nps Pharms Inc NATPARA parathyroid hormone INJECTABLE;INJECTION 125511 001 2015-01-23   Start Trial Axcess Limited (St. Helier, JE) 2023-04-15 RX Orphan search
Nps Pharms Inc NATPARA parathyroid hormone INJECTABLE;INJECTION 125511 002 2015-01-23   Start Trial Axcess Limited (St. Helier, JE) 2023-04-15 RX Orphan search
Nps Pharms Inc NATPARA parathyroid hormone INJECTABLE;INJECTION 125511 003 2015-01-23   Start Trial Axcess Limited (St. Helier, JE) 2023-04-15 RX Orphan search
Nps Pharms Inc NATPARA parathyroid hormone INJECTABLE;INJECTION 125511 004 2015-01-23   Start Trial Axcess Limited (St. Helier, JE) 2023-04-15 RX Orphan search
>Applicant >Tradename >Biologic Ingredient >Dosage Form >BLA >Number >Approval Date >Patent No. >Assignee >Estimated Patent Expiration >Status >Orphan >Source

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