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Last Updated: January 28, 2022

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Claims for Patent: 7,560,444

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Summary for Patent: 7,560,444
Title:Polysaccharides for pulmonary delivery of active agents
Abstract: Formulation for pulmonary delivery of a therapeutic, prophylactic, or diagnostic agent including a low molecular weight heparin and a therapeutic, prophylactic, or diagnostic agent.
Inventor(s): Richardson; Thomas (South Boston, MA), Venkataraman; Ganesh (Bedford, MA), Qi; Yiwei (Andover, MA), Picard; Michele (Dover, MA)
Assignee: Momenta Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (Cambridge, MA)
Application Number:10/957,218
Patent Claims:1. A formulation for pulmonary delivery of a therapeutic or diagnostic polypeptide comprising a therapeutic or diagnostic polypeptide and a LMWH produced by a method that includes depolymerization and having an average molecular weight of less than 8000 Da, wherein the LMWH is linked to the polypeptide and the formulation is provided in a device for pulmonary delivery.

2. The formulation of claim 1, wherein the LMWH is chosen from the group of: enoxaparin, dalteparin, reviparin, tinzaparin, nadroparin, certoparin, ardeparin, and parnaparin.

3. The formulation of claim 1, wherein the LMWH comprises a hexasaccharide or larger polysaccharide.

4. The formulation of claim 1, wherein the LMWH comprises an octasaccharide or larger polysaccharide.

5. The formulation of claim 1, wherein the polypeptide is selected from the group consisting of: insulin, proinsulin, human growth hormone, interferon, .alpha.-1 proteinase inhibitor, alkaline phosphotase, angiogenin, cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator, extracellular superoxide dismutase, fibrogen, glucocerebrosidase, glutamate decarboxylase, human serum albumin, myelin basic protein, soluble CD4, lactoferrin, lactoglobulin, lysozyme, lactoalbumin, erythropoietin, tissue plasminogen activator, antithrombin III, prolactin, and .alpha.1-antitrypsin.

6. The formulation of claim 1, wherein polypeptide is selected from the group consisting of: parathyroid hormone and derivatives and fragments thereof, erythropoietin, epoetin beta, gene activated erythropoietin, epoetin beta, second generation EPO, epoetin beta, novel erythropoiesis stimulating protein, insulin lispro, insulin (bovine), insulin, insulin aspart, insulin analogue, Calcitonin, Theraccine, becaplermin (recombinant human platelet derived growth factor-BB), trafermin, human growth hormone-releasing factor, BMP-7, PEG aspariginase, dornase alpha, alglucerase, agalsidase-beta, dornase alpha, agalsidase-alfa, streptokinase, teneteplase, reteplase, alteplase, pamiteplase, Rh factor VIII, Rh FVIIa, Factor TX (Human), Factor IX (complex), HGH, Somatrem/somatropin, Anti-CD33- calicheamicin conjugate, Edrecolomab, rituxumab, daclizumab, trastuzumab, sulesomab, abciximab, infliximab, muromonab-CD3, palivizumab, alemtuzumab, basiliximab, oprelvekin, gemtuzumab ozogamicin, ibritumomab tiuxetan, sulesomab, palivizumab, interleukin-2, celmoleukin (rIL-2), interferon alfacon-1, interferon alpha, interferon alpha+ribavirin, peg interferon alpha-2a, interferon alpha-2b, interferon alpha 3n, interferon beta-1a, interferon beta, interferon beta 1b, interferon gamma, interferon gamma-1b, filgrastim, lenograstim, sargramostim, molgramostim, mirimostim, sargramostim, nartograstim, oprelvekin, peptide tyrosin-tyrosin (PYY), apolipoprotein A-IV, leptin, melanocortin, amylin, orexin, adiponectin, and ghrelin.

7. The formulation of claim 1, wherein the therapeutic polypeptide has a molecular weight of about 500 Da to 5 kDa, 5 to 10 kDa, 10 to 20 kDa, 20 to 40 kDa, 50 to 100 kDa, or 100 to 150 kDa.

8. The formulation of claim 7, wherein the polypeptide has a molecular weight of less than 150 kD.

9. The formulation of claim 7, wherein the polypeptide has a molecular weight of 0.5-35 kDa.

10. The formulation of claim 1, further comprising a delivery enhancer.

11. The formulation of claim 1, wherein the formulation is provided in a pressurized container or dispenser.

12. The formulation of claim 1, wherein the LMWH has been modified to alter one or more of its charge, size or therapeutic activity.

13. The formulation of claim 1, wherein all or a portion of the polysaccharides in the LMWH consists of about two to twenty disaccharides.

14. The formulation of claim 1, wherein a chemical signature of one or more of the polysaccharides in the LMWH has been determined and one or more polysaccharide is modified based upon its chemical signature.

15. The formulation of claim 1, wherein a chemical signature of one or more of the polysaccharide in the LMWH has been determined.

16. The formulation of claim 1, wherein the LMWH comprises one or more chemical signatures of a oligosaccharide having a structure selected from the group consisting of .DELTA.UH.sub.NAC,6SGH.sub.NS,3S,6S, .DELTA.UH.sub.NS,6SGH.sub.NS,3S,6S, .DELTA.UH.sub.NAc,6SGH.sub.NS,3S, and .DELTA.UH.sub.NS,6SGH.sub.NS,3S.

17. The formulation of claim 1, wherein the therapeutic polypeptide is linked to polysaccharide by one or more of EDC or CNBH4/DMSO/Acetic Acid.

18. The formulation of claim 1, wherein the formulation is a dry formulation.

19. The formulation of claim 18, wherein the dry formulation comprises LMWH particles having a mean geometric diameter of 1 to 500 microns.

20. The formulation of claim 19, wherein the LMWH particles have a mean geometric diameter of at least 2 to 100 microns.

21. The formulation of claim 1, wherein the formulation is a liquid formulation, an aerosol, a mist, or a suspension.

22. A method of preparing a formulation for pulmonary delivery of a therapeutic or diagnostic polypeptide, the method comprising: combining a therapeutic or diagnostic polypeptide, and a LMWH produced by a method that includes depolymerization and having an average molecular weight of less than 8000 Da, wherein the polypeptide and the LMWH are present in amounts sufficient for pulmonary delivery of the polypeptide, and wherein the LMWH is combined with the therapeutic polypeptide by linking the LMWH and the therapeutic polypeptide, to thereby prepare a formulation for pulmonary delivery of the polypeptide.

23. The method of claim 22, wherein the LMWH has anti-Xa activity and/or anti-IIa activity that is reduced by at least 50%, or more as compared to a reference standard and the reference standard is the level of anti-Xa activity and/or anti-IIa activity of a commercially available version of the heparin selected from the group consisting of unfractionated heparin, enoxaparin, dalteparin, reviparin, tinzaparin, nadroparin, certoparin, ardeparin, and parnaparin.

24. The method of claim 22, wherein the LMWH consists of about two to twenty disaccharides.

25. The method of claim 23, wherein the LMWH further comprises a size that is reduced as compared to the reference standard.

26. The method of claim 23, wherein the LMWH further comprises a charge that has been modified as compared to the reference standard.

27. The method of claim 22, wherein the LMWH is combined with a therapeutic polypeptide selected from the group consisting of: insulin, proinsulin, human growth hormone, interferon, .alpha.-1 proteinase inhibitor, alkaline phosphotase, angiogenin, cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator, extracellular superoxide dismutase, fibrogen, glucocerebrosidase, glutamate decarboxylase, human serum albumin, myelin basic protein, soluble CD4, lactofeffin, lactoglobulin, lysozyme, lactoalbumin, erythropoietin, tissue plasminogen activator, antithrombin III, prolactin, and .alpha.1-antitrypsin.

28. The method of claim 22, wherein the LMWH is combined with the therapeutic polypeptide selected from the group consisting of: parathyroid hormone and derivatives and fragments thereof, erythropoietin, epoetin beta, gene activated erythropoietin, epoetin beta, second generation EPO, epoetin beta, novel erythropoiesis stimulating protein, insulin lispro, insulin (bovine), insulin, insulin aspart, insulin analogue, Calcitonin, Theraccine, becaplermin (recombinant human platelet derived growth factor-BB), trafermin, human growth hormone-releasing factor, BMP-7, PEG aspariginase, dornase alpha, alglucerase, agalsidase-beta, dornase alpha, agalsidase-alfa, streptokinase, teneteplase, reteplase, alteplase, pamiteplase, Rh factor VIII, Rh FVIIa, Factor TX (Human), Factor IX (complex), HGH, Somatrem/somatropin, Anti-CD33-calicheamicin conjugate, Edrecolomab, rituxumab, daclizumab, trastuzumab, sulesomab, abciximab, infliximab, muromonab-CD3, palivizumab, alemtuzumab, basiliximab, oprelvekin, gemtuzumab ozogamicin, ibritumomab tiuxetan, sulesomab, palivizumab, interleukin-2, celmoleukin (rIL-2), interferon alfacon-1, interferon alpha, interferon alpha+ribavirin, peg interferon alpha-2a, interferon alpha-2b, interferon alpha 3n, interferon beta-1a, interferon beta, interferon beta 1b, interferon gamma, interferon gamma-1b, filgrastim, lenograstim, sargramostim, molgramostim, mirimostim, sargramostim, nartograstim, oprelvekin, peptide tyrosin-tyrosin (PYY), apolipoprotein A-IV, leptin, melanocortin, amylin, orexin, adiponectin, and ghrelin.

29. The method of claim 22, wherein the polypeptide has a molecular weight of about 500 Da to 5 kDa, 5 to 10 kDa, 10 to 20 kDa, 20 to 40 kDa, 50 to 100 kDa, or 100 to 150 kDa.

30. The method of claim 29, wherein the polypeptide has a molecular weight of less than 150 kD.

31. The method of claim 29, wherein the polypeptide has a molecular weight of 0.5-35 kDa.

32. The method of claim 22, further comprising combining the formulation with one or more delivery enhancers.

33. The method of claim 22, further comprising providing formulation in a device for pulmonary delivery.

34. The method of claim 33, wherein the device for pulmonary delivery is a pressurized container or dispenser.

35. The method of claim 22, wherein the LMWH is modified at one or more chemical signature of a oligosaccharide of the heparin which comprises the structure: .DELTA.UH.sub.NAc,6SGH.sub.NS,3S,6S, .DELTA.UH.sub.NS,6SGH.sub.NS,3S,6S, .DELTA.UH.sub.NAc,6SGH.sub.NS,3S, or .DELTA.UH.sub.NS,6SGH.sub.NS,3S, to reduce the anti-Xa activity of the heparin.

36. The method of claim 22, wherein the LMWH is modified at one or more chemical signature of a oligosaccharide of the heparin which comprises the structure: .DELTA.UH.sub.NAc,6SGH.sub.NS,3S,6S and .DELTA.UH.sub.NAc,6SGH.sub.NS,3S to reduce the anti-Xa activity of the heparin.

37. The method of claim 35, wherein the LMWH comprises one or more monosaccharide or disaccharide which have been added or removed from the structure, or one or more acetyl group and/or sulfo group has been substituted, added or removed from the structure.

38. The method of claim 22, wherein the therapeutic polypeptide is linked to the LMWH by one or more of EDC or CNBH4/DMSO/Acetic Acid.

39. The method of claim 22, wherein the LMWH comprises a hexasaccharide or larger polysaccharide.

40. The method of claim 22, wherein the LMWH comprises an octasaccharide or larger polysaccharide.

41. A formulation for pulmonary delivery of human growth hormone comprising human growth hormone and a LMWH produced by a method that includes depolymerization and having an average molecular weight of less than 8000 Da, wherein the formulation is provided in a device for pulmonary delivery.

42. A method of preparing a formulation for pulmonary delivery of human growth factor, the method comprising: combining human growth factor, and a LMWH produced by a method that includes depolymerization and having an average molecular weight of less than 8000 Da, wherein the polypeptide and the LMWH are present in amounts sufficient for pulmonary delivery of human growth factor, to thereby prepare a formulation for pulmonary delivery of human growth factor.

43. A formulation for pulmonary delivery of human growth factor comprising human growth factor and a LMWH wherein the LMWH is produced by a method that includes depolymerization, the LMWH has an average molecular weight of less than 8000 Da, and the LMWH has anti-Xa activity and/or anti-IIa activity that is reduced by at least 50%, or more as compared to the level of anti-Xa activity and/or anti-IIa activity of a commercially available version of a heparin selected from the group consisting of unfractionated heparin, enoxaparin, dalteparin, reviparin, tinzaparin, nadroparin, certoparin, ardeparin, and parnaparin, wherein the anti-Xa activity and/or anti-ha activity is reduced by modification of at one or more chemical signature that comprises the structure: .DELTA.UH.sub.NAc,6SGH.sub.NS,3S,6S, .DELTA.UH.sub.NS,6SGH.sub.NS,3S,6S, .DELTA.UH.sub.NAc,6SGH.sub.NS,3S, or .DELTA.UH.sub.NS,6SGH.sub.NS,3S, and wherein the formulation is provided in a device for pulmonary delivery.

Details for Patent 7,560,444

Applicant Tradename Biologic Ingredient Dosage Form BLA Approval Date Patent No. Expiredate
Eli Lilly And Company HUMATROPE somatropin For Injection 019640 1987-06-23 ⤷  Sign up for a Free Trial 2023-10-01
Eli Lilly And Company HUMATROPE somatropin For Injection 019640 1986-10-16 ⤷  Sign up for a Free Trial 2023-10-01
Eli Lilly And Company HUMATROPE somatropin For Injection 019640 1999-02-04 ⤷  Sign up for a Free Trial 2023-10-01
>Applicant >Tradename >Biologic Ingredient >Dosage Form >BLA >Approval Date >Patent No. >Expiredate

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