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Last Updated: November 29, 2021

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Claims for Patent: 6,346,274

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Summary for Patent: 6,346,274
Title: Polypeptide-containing pharmaceutical forms of administration in the form of microparticles and method for the preparation thereof
Abstract:The invention concerns parenteral pharmaceutical forms of administration containing polypeptide in the form of microparticles and a process for the production thereof. The microparticles according to the invention contain as a biodegradable polymer an ABA triblock copolymer the A block of which is a copolymer of lactic and glycolic acid and the B block of which represents a polyethylene glycol chain, together with additives that are selected from the group comprising serum proteins, polyamino acids, cyclodextrins, cyclodextrin derivatives, saccharides, amino sugars, amino acids, detergents or carboxylic acids as well as mixtures of these additives. The microparticles according to the invention continuously release the polypeptide over a relatively long time period even when the amounts of polypeptide they include are small or susceptible to aggregation.
Inventor(s): Koll; Hans (Weilheim, DE), Winter; Gerhard (Dossenheim, DE), Kissel; Thomas (Marburg, DE), Morlock; Michael (Viernheim, DE)
Assignee: Roche Diagnostics GmbH (Mannheim, DE)
Application Number:08/894,796
Patent Claims:1. A pharmaceutical composition, comprising microparticles of a biodegradable polymer matrix in which an active substance having a nonzero degree of loading of up to about 3% is embedded, wherein

the polymer is an ABA triblock copolymer, wherein A represents a copolymer of lactic acid and glycolic acid and B represents a polyethylene glycol chain,

the active substance is a physiologically active polypeptide,

and wherein the microparticle contains an additive comprising at least one member selected from the group consisting of (1) a disaccharide, (2) dextran having a molecular weight of 20,000 to 60,000 Daltons, (3) an amino sugar, (4) an amino acid, (5) a detergent, (6) a mixture of dextran having a molecular weight of 20,000 to 60,000 Daltons and a cyclodextrin or derivative thereof, (7) a mixture of dextran having a molecular weight of 20,000 to 60,000 Daltons and a polyamino acid, and (8) a mixture of dextran having a molecular weight of 20,000 to 60,000 Daltons and an amino acid, wherein the additive is contained in the pharmaceutical composition in an amount of 1 to 20% by weight in relation to the total weight of the microparticles and the additive substantially prevents aggregation of the physiologically active polypeptide and provides a lower rate of release of the physiologically active polypeptide from the microparticle than a corresponding pharmaceutical composition without the additive.

2. The pharmaceutical composition of claim 1, wherein the additive comprises at least one member selected from the group consisting of an amino acid, a disaccharide, dextran having a molecular weight of 20,000 to 60,000 Daltons and a detergent.

3. The pharmaceutical composition of claim 1, wherein the additive comprises a mixture selected from the group consisting of (1) dextran having a molecular weight of 20,000 to 60,000 Daltons and a polyamino acid, (2) a cyclodextrin or derivative thereof and dextran having a molecular weight of 20,000 to 60,000 Daltons, and (3) dextran having a molecular weight of 20,000 to 60,000 Daltons and an amino acid.

4. The pharmaceutical composition of claim 1, wherein the polyamino acid is selected from the group consisting of polyarginine having a molecular weight of 5,000 to 150,000 Daltons and polyhistidine having a molecular weight of 5,000 to 50,000 Daltons.

5. The pharmaceutical composition of claim 1, wherein the physiologically active polypeptide has a molecular weight of 2,000 to 200,000 Daltons.

6. The pharmaceutical composition of claim 5, wherein the polypeptide is selected from the group consisting of EPO, PTH, TNF, NGF, EGF, .alpha.-interferon, .beta.-interferon, .gamma.-interferon, a colony-stimulating factor, an interleukin, a macrophage-activating factor, a B-cell factor, a T-cell factor, an immunotoxin, a lymphotoxin, TGF, TPO, a renin inhibitor, a collagenase inhibitor, EGF, a growth hormone, PDGF, a bone growth factor, a bone morphogenic protein, insulin, an insulin-like growth factor binding protein, an atrial natriuretic peptide, calcitonin, FSH, LH, NGF, glucagon, TSH, and a monoclonal or polyclonal antibody.

7. The pharmaceutical composition of claim 1, wherein the physiologically active polypeptide is present in an amount of from 0.01 to 5% by weight.

8. Tjee pharmaceutical composition of claim 1, wherein the physiologically active polypeptide is aggregation-susceptible.

9. The pharmaceutical composition of claim 8, wherein the physiologically active polypeptide is present in an amount of from 0.1 to 1% by weight.

10. The pharmaceutical composition of claim 1, wherein the physiologically active polypeptide is EPO.

11. The pharmaceutical composition of claim 1, wherein A has a molecular weight of 2,000 to 150,000 Daltons.

12. The pharmaceutical composition of claim 1, wherein B has a molecular weight of 1,000 to 15,000 Daltons.

13. The pharmaceutical composition of claim 1, wherein the ABA triblock copolymer has a molecular weight of 5,000 to 50,000 Daltons.

14. The pharmaceutical composition of claim 1, wherein the polyethylene glycol is present in an amount of from 20 to 50 mol % relative to the total amount of ABA triblock copolymer.

15. The pharmaceutical composition of claim 1, wherein the lactic acid is present in an amount of from 40 to 60 mol % relative to the total amount of ABA triblock copolymer.

16. The pharmaceutical composition of claim 1, wherein the glycolic acid is present in an amount of from 5 to 25 mol % relative to the total amount of ABA triblock copolymer.

17. The pharmaceutical composition of claim 1, wherein the lactic acid and the glycolic acid are present in a ratio of 1:1 to 5:1.

18. The pharmaceutical composition of claim 1, wherein the lactic acid and the glycolic acid are present in a ratio of about 2:1 to 4:1.

19. The pharmaceutical composition of claim 1, wherein the additive is present in an amount of from 0.5 to 40% by weight.

20. The pharmaceutical composition of claim 1, wherein the additive comprises a disaccharide or dextran having a molecular weight of 20,000 to 60,000 Daltons, which is present in an amount of from 5 to 15% by weight.

21. The pharmaceutical composition of claim 1, wherein the additive comprises dextran having a molecular weight of 20,000 to 60,000 Daltons.

22. The pharmaceutical composition of claim 21, wherein the additive further comprises poly-L-arginine or poly-L-histidine.

23. A process for producing a pharmaceutical composition comprising microparticles of a biodegradable polymer matrix in which a physiologically active polypeptide having a nonzero degree of loading of up to about 3% is embedded, the process comprising:

(a) dissolving an ABA triblock copolymer in an organic, water-immiscible solvent to form a dissolved ABA triblock copolymer, wherein A represents a copolymer of lactic acid and glycolic acid and B represents a polyethylene glycol chain,

(b) dispersing the dissolved ABA triblock copolymer with a solution or suspension of a physiologically active polypeptide to produce a first emulsion, wherein the solution or suspension contains an additive comprising at least one member selected from the group consisting of (1) a disaccharide, (2) dextran having a molecular weight of 20,000 to 60,000 Daltons, (3) an amino sugar, (4) an amino acid, (5) a detergent, (6) a mixture of dextran having a molecular weight of 20,000 to 60,000 Daltons and a cyclodextrin or derivative thereof, (7) a mixture of dextran having a molecular weight of 20,000 to 60,000 Daltons and a polyamino acid, and (8) a mixture of dextran having a molecular weight of 20,000 to 60,000 Daltons and an amino acid;

(c) dispersing the first emulsion in an aqueous solution containing a stabilizer to produce a second emulsion;

(d) evaporating the organic solvent to produce microparticles; and

(e) thereafter isolating the microparticles.

wherein the additive is contained in the pharmaceutical composition in an mount of 1 to 20% by weight in relation to the total weight of the microparticles and the additive substantially prevents aggregation of the physiologically active polypeptide and provides a lower rate of release of the physiologically active polypeptide from the microparticle than a corresponding pharmecuetical composition without the additive.

24. The process of claim 23, wherein, in step (b), the dissolved ABA triblock copolymer is subjected to a dispersal period of 30 seconds.

25. The process of claim 23, wherein, in step (b), the dissolved ABA triblock copolymer is subjected to two dispersal periods of 30 seconds each, with an interval of 30 seconds between the two dispersal periods.

26. The process of claim 23, wherein the process is conducted at a temperature of 0 to 6.degree. C.

27. The process of claim 23, wherein the aqueous solution and the organic solvent are present in a weight ratio of up to 20 to 25%.

28. A pharmaceutical composition produced by the process of claim 23.

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