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Last Updated: January 29, 2022

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Claims for Patent: 4,923,677

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Summary for Patent: 4,923,677
Title: Chemical sterilization
Abstract:Dental and medical instruments and appliances are chemically sterilized by immersion in or subjection to a formulation or composition comprising as active antimicrobial agents a combination or admixture of an iodophor such as the povidone-iodine complex or a quaternary ammonium compound such as cetyl pyridinium chloride and a peroxide such as H.sub.2 O.sub.2, the antimicrobial action of the iodine derived from the iodophor being enhanced or potentiated by oxygen released from the peroxide. The invention is applicable also to the chemical sterilization of surgical sites. Procedure for making and using the sterilizing formulation or composition is described.
Inventor(s): Simon; Gilbert I. (Bronxville, NY), Witkin; Roy T. (Westport, CT)
Assignee: Witkin; Roy T. (Westport, CT) Simon; Gilbert I. (Bronxville, NY)
Application Number:06/763,469
Patent Claims:1. A method of chemically sterilizing dental and surgical instruments before, during and after use which comprises subjecting the dental and surgical instruments for a short but sufficient period of time to effect sterilization thereof to the action of a freshly prepared antimicrobial solution comprising an admixture of a separate solution of an iodophor component which is a source of derived solubilized iodine and a peroxide component in solution which is a source of active or nascent oxygen, the components when admixed being in aqueous solution in proportions to provide 1% to 2% by weight of derived iodine such that the oxygen released from the peroxide potentiates the antimicrobial activity of the iodine derived from the iodine source, admixing the two components to form the solution and sterilizing the dental and surgical instruments therewith.

2. A method according to claim 1 wherein the iodophor component is povidone iodine and the peroxide component is H.sub.2 O.sub.2.

3. A method according to claim 1 wherein the sterilization is carried out by immersing or dipping the dental and surgical instruments in the antimicrobial solution.

4. A method according to claim 1 wherein the sterilization is carried out by washing, spraying or rinsing the dental and surgical instruments with the anti-microbial enhanced solution.

5. A method according to claim 1 wherein the sterilization is carried out in an container or compartment containing a supply of the sterilizing solution.

6. A method of chemically sterilizing dental and surgical instruments and appliances according to claim 1 wherein the available iodine of the povidone iodine solution is approximately 2%.

7. A method of chemically sterilizing dental and surgical instruments according to claim 1 wherein the instruments are cleansed of organic matter and debris prior to sterilization and rinsed with sterile water and dried subsequent to sterilization.

8. A method of chemically sterilizing dental and surgical instruments which comprises separately preparing an antimicrobial aqueous solution of an iodophor, separating preparing an aqueous solution of a peroxide, maintaining the solutions out of contact with one another, introducing predetermined amounts of said solutions into a receptacle in which the sterilization is carried out and in which receptacle the separate solutions form an admixture, placing the dental and surgical instruments to be sterilized in said admixture so that they are fully immersed in or covered by said admixed solutions, rendering them free of live microorganisms by such subjection to the admixed solutions and thereafter removing the instruments and appliances from said admixed solutions which have interacted with each other so that the oxygen released from the peroxide potentiates the antimicrobial activity of the iodine derived from the iodophor.

9. A method according to claim 8 wherein the iodophor is an aqueous solution of providone iodine and the peroxide is hydrogen peroxide.

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