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Details for Patent: 5,462,745

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Summary for Patent: 5,462,745

Title: Subsaturated transdermal therapeutic system having improved release characteristics
Abstract:Rate controlled transdermal delivery devices are disclosed which utilize an in-line adhesive to maintain the device on the skin and deliver an agent which is a solvent or a plasticizer for the in-line adhesive. The initial equilibrated concentration of the agent in the agent reservoir and the adhesive is below saturation, and the reservoir comprises the agent dissolved in a solvent with respect to which the rate controlling element of the device is substantially impermeable. In preferred embodiments the initial loading of the agent in reservoir is sufficient to prevent the activity of the agent in the reservoir from decreasing by more than about 50% and preferably no more than about 25% during the predetermined period of administration: and the thicknesses of the adhesive, rate controlling membrane and reservoir layers are selected so that at least 50% and preferably at least 75% initial equilibrated agent loading is in the reservoir layer. The devices are usable to deliver agents which are liquid at body temperatures such as benztropine, secoverine, nicotine, arecoline, polyethylene glycol monolaurate, glycerol monolaurate, glycerol monooleate and ethanol, for example.
Inventor(s): Enscore; David J. (Sunnyvale, CA), Campbell; Patricia S. (Palo Alto, CA), Osborne; James L. (Mountain View, CA), Smart; Melinda K. (Sunnyvale, CA), Yum; Su I. (Los Altos, CA)
Assignee: Alza Corporation (Palo Alto, CA)
Application Number:08/297,739
Patent Claim Types:
see list of patent claims
Delivery; Device; Use;

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International Patent Family for Patent: 5,462,745

Country Document Number Estimated Expiration Supplementary Protection Certificate SPC Country SPC Expiration
Austria161734► subscribe
Australia3852189► subscribe
Australia3913695► subscribe
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The estimated expiration dates shown above are derived by simply adding 20 years to the priority date.
Due to the complexity of determining patent expirations even in a single country, compounded by the diversity of global patent laws, it is advisable to have patent counsel verify freedom to operate.

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