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Claims for Patent: RE36247

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Claims for Patent: RE36247

Title: Method of hormonal treatment for menopausal or post-menopausal disorders involving continuous administration of progestogens and estrogens
Abstract:A method of hormonally treating menopausal (including perimenopausal and post-menopausal) disorders in women, a composition, and a multi-preparation pack therefor. The administrative regimen to which the pack is particularly adapted comprises continuously and uninterruptedly administering a progestogen to a woman while cyclically administering an estrogen by using a repetitive dosage regimen. This regimen calls for administering the estrogen continuously for a period of time between about 20 and about 120 days, followed by terminating administering the estrogen for a period of time between about 3 and about 7 days. Alternatively, both the progestogen and estrogen may be administered for the full treatment period without interruption. The regimen avoids many of the problems associated with the administration of estrogen alone or with progestogen administered according to conventional regimens, and also avoids problems associated with such conventional regimens by maintaining the estrogen and progestogen at low daily dosage levels of between 0.005 mg and 2.5 mg estrogen and 0.25 mg and 30 mg progestogen.
Inventor(s): Plunkett; Earl E. (London, CA), Wolfe; Bernard M. J. (London, CA)
Assignee: WOCO Investments, Ltd. (CA) Pre JAY Holdings, Limited (CA)
Application Number:08/542,941
Patent Claims: 1. A method of hormonally treating menopausal or post-menopausal disorders in a woman, comprising administering to said woman continuously and uninterrupted both progestogen and estrogen in daily dosage units of progestogen equivalent to laevo-norgestrel dosages of from about 0.025 mg to about 0.075 mg, and of estrogen equivalent to estradiol dosages of about 0.5 mg to about 2.0 mg..]..[.2. The method of claim 1 wherein said estrogen is 17 .beta.-estradiol and said progestogen is dl-norgestrel or laevo-norgestrel, the daily dosage level of said 17 .beta.-estradiol being about 1 mg, the daily dosage level of said dl-norgestrel (where present) being about 100 micrograms, and the daily dosage of said laevo-norgestrel

(where present being about 50 micrograms..].3. A method of hormonally treating perimenopausal, menopausal or post-menopausal disorders in a woman, comprising:

A. continuously and uninterruptedly administering a progestogen to said woman in daily dosage units of progestogen equivalent to laevo-norgestrel dosages of from about 0.025 mg to about 0.075 mg, and

B. cyclically administering an estrogen to said woman by repetitively using a dosage regimen comprising:

(i) administering said estrogen continuously for a period of time between about 20 and about 120 days in daily dosage units of estrogen equivalent to estradiol dosages of from about 0.500 mg to about 2 mg, followed by

(ii) terminating administering said estrogen for a period of time between

about 3 and about 7 days. 4. The method of claim 3 wherein said progestogen is selected from the following group, with respective maximum and minimum daily dosage levels as follows:

5. The method of claim 3 wherein said estrogen is selected from the following group, with respective maximum and minimum daily dosage levels as follows:

6. The method of claim 5 or claim 4 wherein said estrogen is selected from the following group, with respective daily dosage levels as follows:

7. The method of claim 5 wherein said progestogen is selected from the following group, with respective daily dosage levels as follows:

8. The method of .[.any of claims.]. .Iadd.claim .Iaddend.5 wherein said estrogen and said progestogen are selected from the following combination:

Estradiol/Laevo-norgestrel

Estradiol 17.beta./Laevo-norgestrel

Conjugated equine estrogens/Laevo-norgestrel

Estradiol/dl-norgestrel

Estradiol 17.beta./dl-norgestrel

Estradiol valerate/Laevonorgestrel

Estradiol valerate/dl-norgestrel

Conjugated equine estrogens/dl-norgestrel

Estradiol/Norethindrone (norethisteron)

Estradiol 17.beta./Norethindrone (norethisterone)

Estradiol valerate/Norethindrone (norethisterone)

Conjugated equine estrogens/Norethindrone (norethisterone)

Estradiol/Norethindrone (norethisterone) acetate

Estradiol 17.beta./Norethindrone (norethisterone) acetate

Estradiol valerate/Norethindrone (norethisterone) acetate

Conjugated equine estrogen/Norethindrone (norethisterone) acetate

Estradiol/Medroxyprogesterone acetate

Estradiol 17.beta./Medroxyprogesterone acetate

Estradiol valerate/Medroxyprogesterone acetate

Conjugated equine estrogen/Medroxyprogesterone acetate. 9. The method of claim 8 wherein said estrogen is 17.beta.-estradiol and said progestogen

is dl-norgestrel or laevo-norgestrel. 10. The method of claim 9 wherein the daily dosage level of said 17.beta.-estradiol is between about 0.5 mg and about 2 mg, the daily dosage level of said dl-norgestrel, where present, is between about 50 and about 150 micrograms and the daily dosage level of said laevo-norgestrel, where present, is between about 25 and

about 75 micrograms. 11. The method of claim 10 wherein the daily dosage level of said dl-norgestrel is about 75 micrograms. .[.12. The method of claim 1 or 3 wherein said estrogen is a synthetic estrogen..]..[.13. The method of claim 12 wherein said synthetic estrogen is selected from the group consisting of ethinyl estradiol, mestranol and quinestranol..]..[.14. The method of claim 1 or 3 wherein said estrogen is a natural estrogen..]..[.15. The method of claim 14 wherein said natural estrogen is selected from the group consisting of conjugated equine estrogens, estradiol, estradiol-17.beta. estradiol valerate, estrone, piperazine estrone sulphate, estriol, estriol succinate and polyestrol phosphate..]..[.16. The method of claim 1 or 3, wherein said progestogen is selected from the group consisting of laevo-norgestrel, dl-norge, trel, norethindrone (norethisterone), norethindrone (norethisteron) acetate, ethynodiol diacetate, dydrogesterone, medroxyprogesterone acetate, norethynodrel, allylestrenol, lynoestrenol, quingestanol acetate, medrogestone, norgestrienone, dimethisterone, ethisterone, and cyprotecone acetate..]..[.17. A pharmaceutical composition for the hormonal treatment of perimenopausal, menopausal and post-menopausal disorders in a woman, said composition being in implantable or intramuscularly injectable form and comprising, in association with a pharmaceutically acceptable barrier, sufficient progestogen and estrogen to provide dosage levels to said woman equivalent to orally administered daily dosages of progestogen equivalent to laevo-norgestrel dosages of from about 0.025 mg to about 0.075 mg and of estrogen equivalent to estradiol dosages of about 0.5 mg to about 2 mg..]..[.18. The pharmaceutical composition of claim 17 in implantable form, wherein said estrogen is selected from the group consisting of estradiol, estradiol-17.beta., and estradiol valerate..]..[.19. The pharmaceutical composition of claim 18 or 17 in implantable form, wherein said progestogen is selected from the group consisting of laevo-norgestrel, dl-norgestrel, norgestrienone, and norethindrone acetate..]..[.20. The pharmaceutical composition of claim 17 in injectable form, wherein said progestogen is selected from the group consisting of medroxyprogesterone acetate, norethindrone enanthate, gestronol hexanoate,

and algestone acetophenide..]..Iadd.21. A method of hormonally treating menopausal or postmenopausal disorders in a woman to prevent or retard the demineralization of bone, comprising administering continuously and uninterruptedly over the treatment period, in fixed daily dosages and at dosages and a duration sufficient to effectively retard or prevent the demineralization of bone while minimizing spotting and/or bleeding, both progestogen and estrogen in daily dosage units of progestogen equivalent to laevo-norgestrel dosages of from about 0.025 mg to about 0.05 mg, and of estrogen equivalent to estradiol dosages of about 0.5 mg to about 2.0 mg. .Iaddend..Iadd.22. A method of hormonally treating menopausal or postmenopausal disorders in a woman to prevent or retard the demineralization of bone, comprising administering continuously and uninterruptedly over the treatment period, in fixed daily dosages and at dosages and a duration sufficient to effectively retard or prevent the demineralization of bone while minimizing spotting and/or bleeding, both progestogen and estrogen in daily dosage units of progestogen equivalent to laevo-norgestrel dosages of from about 0.025 mg to about 0.075 mg, and of estrogen equivalent to estradiol dosages of about 0.5 mg to about 2.0 mg, wherein the progestogen and the estrogen are combined in a single dosage form. .Iaddend..Iadd.23. A method of hormonally treating menopausal or postmenopausal disorders in a woman, comprising administering continuously and uninterruptedly over the treatment period, in fixed daily dosages which minimize spotting and/or bleeding, both progestogen and estrogen in daily dosage units of progestogen equivalent to laevo-norgestrel dosages of from about 0.025 mg to about 0.05 mg, and of estrogen equivalent to estradiol dosages of about 0.5 mg to about 0.25 mg.

.Iaddend..Iadd.24. A method of hormonally treating menopausal or postmenopausal disorders in a woman, comprising administering continuously and uninterruptedly over the treatment period, in fixed daily dosages which minimize spotting and/or bleeding, both progestogen and estrogen in daily dosage units of progestogen equivalent to laevo-norgestrel dosages of from about 0.025 mg to about 0.075 mg, and of estrogen equivalent to estradiol dosages of about 0.5 mg to about 2.0 mg, wherein the progestogen and the estrogen are combined in a single dose form. .Iaddend..Iadd.25. The method of claim 21 or 23, wherein the progestogen and the estrogen are combined in a single dosage form. .Iaddend..Iadd.26. The method of claim 21, 22, 23, 24 or 25, wherein the estrogen consists essentially of a bone-sparing estrogen. .Iaddend..Iadd.27. The method of claim 21, 22, 23, 24 or 25, wherein the fixed daily dosages are administered over a treatment period of greater than 120 days. .Iaddend..Iadd.28. The method of claim 21 or 22, wherein the dosages and duration of treatment are effective to prevent or retard osteoporosis. .Iaddend..Iadd.29. The method of claim 21, 22, 23, 24 or 25, wherein the dosages and duration of treatment are sufficient to prevent or retard changes in blood lipids which might otherwise predispose the woman to cardiovascular disease. .Iaddend..Iadd.30. The method of claim 21, 22, 23, 24 or 25, wherein said progestogen is selected from the group consisting of laevo-norgestrel, dl-norgestrel, ethynodiol diacetate, dydrogesterone, medroxyprogesterone acetate, norethynodrel, allylestrenol, lynoestrenol, quingestanol acetate, medrogestone, norgestrienone, dimethisterone, ethisterone, and cyproterone acetate. .Iaddend..Iadd.31. The method of claim 22 or 24, wherein said progestogen is selected from the following group, with respective minimum and maximum daily dosage levels as follows:

.Iadd.32. The method of claim 21, 23, 25, wherein said progestogen is selected from the following group, with respective minimum and maximum daily dosage levels as follows:

.Iadd.33. The method of claim 21, 22, 23, 24 or 25, wherein said estrogen is selected from the group consisting of estradiol, estradiol-17.beta., conjugated equine estrogens, estradiol valerate, estrone, piperazine estrone sulphate, ethinyl estradiol, mestranol, and quinestrol. .Iaddend..Iadd.34. The method of claim 33, wherein said estrogen is selected from the following group, with respective minimum and maximum daily dosage levels as follows:

.Iadd.35. The method of claim 34, wherein said estrogen is selected from the following group, with respective minimum and maximum daily dosage levels as follows:

.Iadd.36. The method of claim 30, 31, 32, 33, 34 or 35, wherein the fixed daily dosages are administered over a treatment period of greater than 120 days. .Iaddend..Iadd.37. The method of claim 21, 23 or 25, wherein the progestogen is medroxyprogesterone acetate in an amount of from about 1 mg to about 2.5 mg. .Iaddend..Iadd.38. The method of claim 21, 22, 23, 24 or 25, wherein the estrogen is conjugated equine estrogens in an amount of from about 0.300 mg to about 2.5 mg. .Iaddend..Iadd.39. The method of claim 21, 23 or 25, wherein the progestogen is medroxyprogesterone acetate in an amount of from about 1 mg to about 2.5 mg, and the estrogen is conjugated equine estrogens in an amount of from about 0.300 mg to about 2.5 mg. .Iadd.40. The method of claim 39, wherein the estrogen is conjugated equine estrogens in an amount of from about 0.300 to about 0.600. .Iaddend..Iadd.41. The method of claim 39, wherein the progestogen is medroxyprogesterone acetate in an amount of about 2.5 mg and the estrogen is conjugated equine estrogens in an amount of about 0.600 mg. .Iaddend..Iadd.42. The method of claim 39, wherein the progestogen is medroxyprogesterone acetate in an amount of about 2.5 mg and the estrogen is conjugated equine estrogens in an amount of about 0.300 mg. .Iaddend..Iadd.43. The method of claim 37, 38, 39, 40, 41 or 42, wherein the fixed daily dosages are administered over a treatment period of greater than 120 days. .Iaddend..Iadd.44. The method of claim 37, 38, 39, 40, 41 or 42, wherein the dosages and duration of treatment are sufficient to prevent or retard changes in blood lipids which might otherwise predispose the woman to cardiovascular disease. .Iaddend..Iadd.45. The method of claim 21, 23 or 25, wherein said progestogen is norethindrone (norethisterone) acetate in an amount of from about 0.10 mg to about 0.20 mg. .Iaddend..Iadd.46. The method of claim 21, 22, 23, 24 or 25, wherein said estrogen is selected from the group consisting of estradiol, estradiol 17-.beta., or estradiol valerate and is in an amount of from about 0.500 to about 1 mg. .Iaddend..Iadd.47. The method of claims 22 or 24, wherein the estrogen is estradiol-17.beta. administered in fixed daily dosages of between about 0.500 and about 1 mg and the progestogen is norethindrone acetate. .Iaddend..Iadd.48. The method of claim 47, wherein the fixed daily dosages are administered over a treatment period of greater than 120 days. .Iaddend..Iadd.49. The method of claim 47, wherein the dosages and duration of treatment are sufficient to prevent or retard changes in blood lipids which might otherwise predispose the woman to cardiovascular disease. .Iaddend..Iadd.50. The method of claim 21, 23, 25 or 27, wherein said estrogen is piperazine estrone sulphate (estropipate). .Iaddend..Iadd.51. The method of claim 21, 23, 25 or 27, wherein said estrogen is 17.beta.-estradiol and said progestogen is dl-norgestrel or laevo-norgestrel, the daily dosage level of said 17.beta.-estradiol being about 1 mg, the daily dosage level of said dl-norgestrel (where present) being about 100 micrograms, and the daily dosage of said laevo-norgestrel (where present) being about 50 micrograms. .Iaddend..Iadd.52. The method of claim 21, 22, 23, 24 or 25 wherein the selected dosages are the minimum effective quantities of progestogen and estrogen. .Iaddend..Iadd.53. The method of claim 21 or 23, wherein said daily dosages of progestogen and estrogen are administered once daily. .Iaddend..Iadd.54. The method of claim 22, 24 or 25, wherein said single dosage form is a tablet. .Iaddend..Iadd.55. The method of claim 21, 22, 23 or 24, wherein said progestogen is in micronized form. .Iaddend..Iadd.56. The method of claim 21, 22, 23 or 24, wherein said estrogen is a synthetic estrogen. .Iaddend..Iadd.57. The method of claim 21, 22, 23 or 24, wherein the estrogen is a natural estrogen. .Iaddend.
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