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Last Updated: September 21, 2021

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Claims for Patent: 9,463,288


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Summary for Patent: 9,463,288
Title:Dry powder inhalation apparatus
Abstract: A dry powder inhalation apparatus operable by breath of a user which provides for controlled and smooth transfer of medicament during multiple actuations by a user. A mechanism of the apparatus for achieving this controlled and smooth transfer includes a device normally held adjacent a reservoir for receiving medicament in a cup or receptacle and which is generally movable transversely of a longitudinal axis of the apparatus to delivery channels of the apparatus. This bodily shifting of the device is achieved by a yoke acting on an abutment thereof. Spillage of medicament in the apparatus is avoided.
Inventor(s): Barney; Brian (Essex, GB), O'Leary; David (Essex, GB), Striebig; Rachel (London, GB)
Assignee: NORTON HEALTHCARE LTD. (London, GB)
Application Number:14/163,018
Patent Claims: 1. A dry powder inhalation apparatus, comprising: a reservoir for medicament, a mouthpiece adapted for insertion in a user's mouth for inhalation of a predetermined dose of medicament, a delivery channel between a discharge outlet of the reservoir and the mouthpiece for delivering said predetermined dose of medicament, a device normally held adjacent the reservoir for receiving said predetermined dose of medicament from said discharge outlet and the device being biased by a spring force toward the delivery channel for transferring the medicament to the delivery channel under the spring force, a yoke member that translates vertically along a longitudinal axis of the apparatus upon actuation of the dry powder inhalation apparatus, an abutment that protrudes from the device and interacts with a ratchet of the yoke member to guide horizontal translation of the device between the reservoir and the delivery channel under the spring force upon release of the device and vertical translation of the yoke member, wherein the abutment travels along a sloping surface of the ratchet as the device moves from the reservoir to the delivery channel.

2. The apparatus of claim 1, wherein the abutment travels along the same sloping surface of the ratchet as the device moves between the reservoir and the delivery channel.

3. The apparatus of claim 2, wherein the sloping surface of the ratchet slopes in a direction that is transverse to the horizontal translation direction of the device.

4. The apparatus of claim 1, wherein the abutment travels along a first sloping surface of the ratchet as the device moves from the reservoir to the delivery channel, and the abutment travels along a second sloping surface of the ratchet as the device moves from the delivery channel to the reservoir.

5. The apparatus of claim 4, wherein, with respect to the horizontal translation direction of the device, a slope of the first sloping surface of the ratchet is less than a slope of the second sloping surface of the ratchet.

6. The apparatus of claim 1, further comprising a mechanism adapted to release the device and permit controlled movement of the device under the spring force to the delivery channel for said delivery.

7. The apparatus of claim 6, wherein the mechanism comprises abutment means which is movable transversely to the longitudinal axis of the apparatus to release the device for movement to the delivery channel.

8. The apparatus of claim 7, further comprising the abutment means being bodily movable by an actuation means.

9. The apparatus of claim 8, wherein the actuation means comprises a resiliently mountable slidable member which has a tab projecting through a bore of a body of the apparatus for releasing the device.

10. The apparatus of claim 9, wherein the actuation means comprises a resiliently and pivotably mounted detent means which is shiftable bodily about its pivot axis to release the device.

11. The apparatus of claim 10, wherein the detent means has a finger grippable projection which projects there from and through a slot in the body of the apparatus for bodily shifting of the detent means when the projection is moved along the slot.

12. The apparatus of claim 8, wherein the actuating means comprises a resiliently mounted plunger means which has one end projecting through a bore in a body of the device and an opposite end adapted to engage the device for shifting same bodily to said delivery channel.

13. The apparatus of claim 12, wherein the plunger means has a substantially cylindrical body member connecting the one end and the opposite end, the opposite end being enlarged relative to the body member.

14. The apparatus of claim 6, wherein the mechanism comprises cooperating rotatable means one of which has a detent for engaging the device and the other of which is operable to maintain the detent in engagement with the device and to allow rotation of the one means to release the detent and device.

15. The apparatus of claim 14, wherein the mechanism further comprises a stop member retractable as a user takes a breath on the mouthpiece, and adapted to release the other rotatable means and the detent.

16. The apparatus of claim 8, further comprising a cover for an end of the delivery channel at the mouthpiece, the cover being movable between a first position covering the delivery channel and a second position for discharging said dose.

17. The apparatus of claim 16, wherein the cover comprises a disc carried by opposed arms which at an end thereof opposite the disc mount a cam which has a profile for allowing movement of a cam follower in a direction away from the device whereby to allow operation of the actuation means for bodily movement of the abutment means.

18. The apparatus of claim 17, wherein in the first position, the disc is housed within a guard of the apparatus, which guard is pivotably mounted for access to the disc.

19. The apparatus of claim 1, wherein the device further comprises a cup for receiving the said dose and a longitudinally slidable body mounting said cup.

20. A dry powder inhalation apparatus, comprising: a reservoir for medicament, a mouthpiece adapted for insertion in a user's mouth for inhalation of a predetermined dose of medicament, a delivery channel between a discharge outlet of the reservoir and the mouthpiece for delivering said predetermined dose of medicament, a device normally held adjacent the reservoir for receiving said predetermined dose of medicament from said discharge outlet and the device being biased by a spring force toward the delivery channel for transferring the medicament to the delivery channel under the spring force, a yoke member that translates vertically along a longitudinal axis of the apparatus upon actuation of the dry powder inhalation apparatus, an abutment that protrudes from the device and interacts with a ratchet of the yoke member to guide horizontal translation of the device between the reservoir and the delivery channel under the spring force upon release of the device and vertical translation of the yoke member, wherein the abutment travels along a sloping surface of the ratchet as the device moves between the reservoir and the delivery channel, wherein the abutment travels along a first sloping surface of the ratchet as the device moves from the reservoir to the delivery channel, and the abutment travels along a second sloping surface of the ratchet as the device moves from the delivery channel to the reservoir, wherein the sloping surfaces of the ratchet each slope in a direction that is transverse to the horizontal translation direction of the device.

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