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Claims for Patent: 8,992,989

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Claims for Patent: 8,992,989

Title:Sustained-release formulations of topiramate
Abstract: Pharmaceutical compositions of topiramate for once-a-day oral administration are provided. The formulations comprise a sustained-release component and an optional immediate-release component, the compositions of which can be selectively adjusted, respectively, to release the active ingredient along a pre-determined release profile. Method of treating or preventing pathological disorders in mammalian subjects comprising the administration of the novel formulations disclosed herein is also provided.
Inventor(s): Liang; Likan (Boyds, MD), Wang; Hua (Clarksville, MD), Bhatt; Padmanabh P. (Rockville, MD), Vieira; Michael L. (Gaithersburg, MD)
Assignee: Supernus Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (Rockville, MD)
Application Number:14/499,462
Patent Claims: 1. A sustained release formulation of topiramate comprising topiramate as an active ingredient, which is released immediately and continuously upon administration from the formulation, the formulation comprising: (a) an extended release (XR) topiramate-containing component, comprising a coating material selected from the group consisting of cellulosic polymers and acrylic polymers, and, optionally, (b) an immediate release (IR) topiramate-containing component comprising: (i) a complexing agent selected from the group consisting of hydroxypropyl-beta-cyclodextrin, beta-cyclodextrin, gamma-cyclodextrin, alpha-cyclodextrin, cyclodextrin, and cyclodextrin derivative, and/or (ii) an enhancing agent selected from the group consisting of Vitamin E TPGS, glutamic acid, glycine, sorbitol, mannose, amylose, maltose, mannitol, lactose, sucrose, glucose, xylitose, dextrins, glycerol-polyethylene glycol oxystearate, polyethylene glycol-32 glyceryl palmitostearate, sodium lauryl sulfate, polyoxyethylene sorbitan monooleate, benzyl alcohol, sorbitan monolaurate, polyethylene-polypropylene glycol, polyethylene glycol-3350, polyvinylpyrrolidone-K25, oleic acid, glyceryl monooleate, sodium benzoate, cetyl alcohol, sucrose stearate, crospovidone, sodium starch glycolate, croscarmellose sodium, carboxymethylcellulose, starch, pregelatinized starch, hydroxypropylmethylcellulose (HPMC), substituted hydroxypropylcellulose, microcrystalline cellulose sodium bicarbonate, calcium citrate, sodium docusate, menthol, and combinations thereof, wherein the XR component exhibits a maximum plasma concentration of topiramate in vivo between 4 and 8.5 hours, inclusive, after a single initial dose.

2. The formulation of claim 1, wherein the XR component is contained in at least one population of beads.

3. The formulation of claim 1, comprising an IR component such that 80% of the topiramate is released in not more than 1 hour.

4. The formulation according to claim 1, wherein the XR component further comprises a binder selected from the group consisting of starches, microcrystalline cellulose, hydroxypropyl cellulose, hydroxyethyl cellulose, hydroxypropylmethyl cellulose, and polyvinylpyrrolidone.

5. The formulation according to claim 1, wherein the XR component further comprises a pore former selected from the group consisting of glucose, fructose, mannitol, mannose, galactose, sorbitol, pullulan, dextran, hydroxyalkylcelluloses, carboxyalkylcelluloses, hydroxypropylmethylcellulose, cellulose ethers, acrylic resins, polyvinylpyrrolidone, cross-linked polyvinylpyrrolidone, polyethylene oxide, carbomer, diols, polyols, polyhydric alcohols, polyalkylene glycols, polyethylene glycols, polypropylene glycols or block polymers thereof, polyglycols, poly(.alpha.-.omega.)alkylenediols; alkali metal salts and alkaline earth metal salts, and combinations thereof.

6. The formulation of claim 1, wherein at least a part of the active ingredient is in a form of micronized particles.

7. The formulation of claim 1, wherein the formulation is in a dosage form of a capsule or sprinkles.

8. The formulation of claim 1, wherein the total amount of topiramate in the formulation is from 0.5 to 3000 mg.

9. The formulation of claim 1, wherein the XR component comprises an inert carrier selected from the group consisting of cellulose spheres, silicon dioxide, starch and sugar spheres.

10. The formulation of claim 1, wherein the release controlling coating comprises ethylcellulose, methylcellulose, hydroxypropyl cellulose, hydroxypropylmethyl cellulose, cellulose acetate, cellulose acetate phthalate, polyvinyl alcohol, polyacrylates, polymethacrylates or copolymers thereof.

11. The formulation of claim 1, wherein the formulation provides for a maximum steady state plasma concentration (Cmax) of topiramate which is in the range from 50% to 125% of the maximum plasma concentration produced by the same amount of topiramate administered as an immediate release formulation BID.

12. The formulation of claim 1, wherein the formulation provides for a relative steady state AUC in the range of 80% to 125% of the AUC of the same amount of topiramate administered as an immediate release formulation BID.

13. The formulation of claim 1, further comprising an additional pharmaceutically active ingredient in combination with topiramate.

14. A sustained release formulation of topiramate comprising topiramate as an active ingredient, which is released immediately and continuously upon administration from the formulation, the formulation comprising: (a) an extended release (XR) topiramate-containing component, comprising a coating material selected from the group consisting of cellulosic polymers and acrylic polymers, and, optionally, (b) an immediate release (IR) topiramate-containing component comprising: (i) a complexing agent selected from the group consisting of hydroxypropyl-beta-cyclodextrin, beta-cyclodextrin, gamma-cyclodextrin, alpha-cyclodextrin, cyclodextrin, and cyclodextrin derivative, and/or (ii) an enhancing agent selected from the group consisting of Vitamin E TPGS, glutamic acid, glycine, sorbitol, mannose, amylose, maltose, mannitol, lactose, sucrose, glucose, xylitose, dextrins, glycerol-polyethylene glycol oxystearate, polyethylene glycol-32 glyceryl palmitostearate, sodium lauryl sulfate, polyoxyethylene sorbitan monooleate, benzyl alcohol, sorbitan monolaurate, polyethylene-polypropylene glycol, polyethylene glycol-3350, polyvinylpyrrolidone-K25, oleic acid, glyceryl monooleate, sodium benzoate, cetyl alcohol, sucrose stearate, crospovidone, sodium starch glycolate, croscarmellose sodium, carboxymethylcellulose, starch, pregelatinized starch, hydroxypropylmethylcellulose (HPMC), substituted hydroxypropylcellulose, microcrystalline cellulose sodium bicarbonate, calcium citrate, sodium docusate, menthol, and combinations thereof, wherein the XR component exhibits a maximum plasma concentration of topiramate in vivo at 16 or more hours after a single initial dose.

15. A method of treatment of a neurological and/or psychiatric condition selected from the group consisting of epilepsy, migraine, essential tremor, restless limb syndrome, cluster headaches, neuralgia, neuropathic pain, Tourrette's syndrome, infantile spasms, bipolar disorder, dementia, depression, psychosis, mania, anxiety, schizophrenia, obsessive-compulsive disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), impulse control disorders, border line personality disorder, addiction, autism, chronic neurodegenerative disorders, acute neurodegeneration, and amyotropic lateral sclerosis (ALS), comprising orally administering to a mammalian subject a therapeutically effective amount of a sustained release formulation of topiramate comprising topiramate as an active ingredient, the formulation comprising: (a) an extended release (XR) topiramate-containing component, comprising a coating material selected from the group consisting of cellulosic polymers and acrylic polymers, and, optionally, (b) an immediate release (IR) topiramate-containing component comprising: (i) a complexing agent selected from the group consisting of hydroxypropyl-beta-cyclodextrin, beta-cyclodextrin, gamma-cyclodextrin, alpha-cyclodextrin, cyclodextrin, and cyclodextrin derivative, and/or (ii) an enhancing agent selected from the group consisting of Vitamin E TPGS, glutamic acid, glycine, sorbitol, mannose, amylose, maltose, mannitol, lactose, sucrose, glucose, xylitose, dextrins, glycerol-polyethylene glycol oxystearate, polyethylene glycol-32 glyceryl palmitostearate, sodium lauryl sulfate, polyoxyethylene sorbitan monooleate, benzyl alcohol, sorbitan monolaurate, polyethylene-polypropylene glycol, polyethylene glycol-3350, polyvinylpyrrolidone-K25, oleic acid, glyceryl monooleate, sodium benzoate, cetyl alcohol, sucrose stearate, crospovidone, sodium starch glycolate, croscarmellose sodium, carboxymethylcellulose, starch, pregelatinized starch, hydroxypropylmethylcellulose (HPMC), substituted hydroxypropylcellulose, microcrystalline cellulose sodium bicarbonate, calcium citrate, sodium docusate, menthol, and combinations thereof, wherein administration of the formulation releases topiramate immediately and continuously and wherein the XR component exhibits a maximum plasma concentration of topiramate in vivo between 4 and 8.5 hours, inclusive, after a single initial dose.

16. The method of claim 15, wherein the condition is epilepsy.

17. The method of claim 15, wherein the condition is migraine.

18. A method of treatment of a neurological and/or psychiatric condition selected from the group consisting of epilepsy, migraine, essential tremor, restless limb syndrome, cluster headaches, neuralgia, neuropathic pain, Tourrette's syndrome, infantile spasms, bipolar disorder, dementia, depression, psychosis, mania, anxiety, schizophrenia, obsessive-compulsive disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), impulse control disorders, border line personality disorder, addiction, autism, chronic neurodegenerative disorders, acute neurodegeneration, and amyotropic lateral sclerosis (ALS), comprising orally administering to a mammalian subject a therapeutically effective amount of a sustained release formulation of topiramate comprising topiramate as an active ingredient, the formulation comprising: (a) an extended release (XR) topiramate-containing component, comprising a coating material selected from the group consisting of cellulosic polymers and acrylic polymers, and, optionally, (b) an immediate release (IR) topiramate-containing component comprising: (i) a complexing agent selected from the group consisting of hydroxypropyl-beta-cyclodextrin, beta-cyclodextrin, gamma-cyclodextrin, alpha-cyclodextrin, cyclodextrin, and cyclodextrin derivative, and/or (ii) an enhancing agent selected from the group consisting of Vitamin E TPGS, glutamic acid, glycine, sorbitol, mannose, amylose, maltose, mannitol, lactose, sucrose, glucose, xylitose, dextrins, glycerol-polyethylene glycol oxystearate, polyethylene glycol-32 glyceryl palmitostearate, sodium lauryl sulfate, polyoxyethylene sorbitan monooleate, benzyl alcohol, sorbitan monolaurate, polyethylene-polypropylene glycol, polyethylene glycol-3350, polyvinylpyrrolidone-K25, oleic acid, glyceryl monooleate, sodium benzoate, cetyl alcohol, sucrose stearate, crospovidone, sodium starch glycolate, croscarmellose sodium, carboxymethylcellulose, starch, pregelatinized starch, hydroxypropylmethylcellulose (HPMC), substituted hydroxypropylcellulose, microcrystalline cellulose sodium bicarbonate, calcium citrate, sodium docusate, menthol, and combinations thereof, wherein administration of the formulation releases topiramate immediately and continuously and wherein the XR component exhibits a maximum plasma concentration of topiramate in vivo at 16 or more hours after a single initial dose.

19. The method of claim 18, wherein the condition is epilepsy.

20. The method of claim 18, wherein the condition is migraine.
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