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Claims for Patent: 8,889,191

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Claims for Patent: 8,889,191

Title:Sustained-release formulations of topiramate
Abstract: Pharmaceutical compositions of topiramate for once-a-day oral administration are provided. The formulations comprise a sustained-release component and an optional immediate-release component, the compositions of which can be selectively adjusted, respectively, to release the active ingredient along a pre-determined release profile. Method of treating or preventing pathological disorders in mammalian subjects comprising the administration of the novel formulations disclosed herein is also provided.
Inventor(s): Liang; Likan (Boyds, MD), Wang; Hua (Clarksville, MD), Bhatt; Padmanabh P. (Rockville, MD), Vieira; Michael L. (Gaithersburg, MD)
Assignee: Supernus Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (Rockville, MD)
Application Number:12/926,936
Patent Claims: 1. A method of treatment of a neurological and/or psychiatric condition in a mammalian subject, comprising orally administering to said subject in need thereof a therapeutically effective amount of a sustained release formulation of 2,3:4,5-Di-O-isopropylidene-beta-D-fructopyranose sulfamate (topiramate), wherein all of the topiramate is released in a continuous manner from the formulation, wherein at least 85% by weight of the total topiramate in the formulation is contained in an extended release (XR) component comprising at least two populations of beads coated with a release controlling coating and each having its own rate of release, and wherein at least one of the at least two XR populations releases 80% of the topiramate contained therein in vitro in not more than 4 hours.

2. The method of claim 1, wherein said formulation provides for a maximum steady state plasma concentration (Cmax) of topiramate which is in the range of 50% to 125% of the maximum plasma concentration produced by the same amount of topiramate administered as an immediate release formulation BID.

3. The method of claim 2, wherein said Cmax is higher than the minimal therapeutically effective concentration, but lower than the maximum plasma concentration produced by the same amount of topiramate administered as an immediate release formulation BID.

4. The method of claim 2, wherein said Cmax is in the range of 80% to 125% of the maximum plasma concentration produced by the same amount of topiramate administered as an immediate release formulation BID.

5. The method of claim 1, wherein said formulation provides for a relative steady state AUC in the range of 80% to 125%, as compared to the same amount of topiramate administered as an immediate release formulation BID.

6. The method of claim 1, wherein said formulation provides for a degree of fluctuation in the range of 25% to 90% as compared to the same amount of topiramate administered as an immediate release formulation BID.

7. The method of claim 1, wherein said beads comprise an inert carrier, topiramate, an optional enhancer, and a release controlling coating that comprises a coating material and optionally a pore former.

8. The method of claim 7, wherein said inert carrier is selected from the group consisting of cellulose spheres, silicon dioxide, starch and sugar spheres.

9. The method of claim 7, wherein said pore former is selected from the group consisting of glucose, fructose, mannitol, mannose, galactose, sorbitol, pullulan, dextran, water-soluble hydrophilic polymers, hydroxyalkylcelluloses, carboxyalkylcelluloses, hydroxypropylmethylcellulose, cellulose ethers, acrylic resins, polyvinylpyrrolidone, cross-linked polyvinylpyrrolidone, polyethylene oxide, carbomers, diols, polyols, polyhydric alcohols, polyalkylene glycols, polyethylene glycols, polypropylene glycols or block polymers thereof, polyglycols, poly(.alpha.-.omega.)alkylenediols; inorganic compounds; alkali metal salts and alkaline earth metal salts, and combinations thereof.

10. The method of claim 7, wherein said enhancer is selected from the group consisting of solubility enhancers, dissolution enhancers, permeability enhancers, stabilizing agents, complexing agents, enzyme inhibitors, p-glycoprotein inhibitors, multidrug resistance protein inhibitors and combinations thereof.

11. The method of claim 1, wherein a specific amount of each bead population is determined according to a pre-determined release profile.

12. The method of claim 1, wherein the sustained release is after an initial immediate release.

13. The method of claim 1, wherein said formulation is administered orally once a day.

14. The method of claim 1, having a reduced level of undesirable CNS side effects as compared to the same amount of topiramate administered as an immediate release formulation BID.

15. The method of claim 1, wherein the total amount of topiramate in the formulation is from 0.5 mg to 3000 mg.

16. The method of claim 1, wherein said formulation is in a dosage form of a tablet, a pill, a capsule, a caplet, a troche, a pouch, or sprinkles.

17. The formulation of claim 1, further comprising an immediate release (IR) component.

18. The method of claim 17, wherein said IR component comprises topiramate and (a) a complexing agent selected from the group consisting of hydroxypropyl-beta-cyclodextrin, beta-cyclodextrin, gamma-cyclodextrin, alpha-cyclodextrin, and cyclodextrin derivative and/or (b) an enhancing agent selected from the group consisting of solubility enhancing agents, dissolution enhancing agents, absorption enhancing agents, penetration enhancing agents, surface active agents, stabilizing agents, enzyme inhibitors, p-glycoprotein inhibitors, multidrug resistance protein inhibitors and combinations thereof.

19. The method of claim 18, wherein said IR component exhibits a release profile such that 80% of the active ingredient is dissolved in not more than 30 min.

20. The method of claim 19, wherein said IR component exhibits a release profile selected from the group consisting of: a) a dissolution of at least 50% of the active ingredient in not more than 10 minutes; b) a dissolution of at least 70% of the active ingredient in not more than 10 minutes; c) a dissolution of at least 25% of the active ingredient in not more than 5 minutes; d) a dissolution of at least 40% of the active ingredient in not more than 5 minutes; and e) a dissolution of at least 55% of the active ingredient in not more than 5 minutes.

21. The method of claim 7, wherein said coating material is selected from the group consisting of ethylcellulose, methylcellulose, hydroxypropyl cellulose, hydroxypropylmethyl cellulose, cellulose acetate, cellulose acetate phthalate, polyvinyl alcohol, polyacrylates, polymethacrylates and copolymers thereof.

22. The method of claim 1, wherein the condition is selected from the group consisting of epilepsy, migraine, essential tremor, restless limb syndrome, cluster headaches, neuralgia, neuropathic pain, Tourrette's syndrome, infantile spasms, bipolar disorder, dementia, depression, psychosis, mania, anxiety, schizophrenia, obsessive-compulsive disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, impulse control disorders, border line personality disorder, addiction, autism, chronic neurodegenerative disorders, acute neurodegeneration, and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis.

23. The method of claim 22, wherein the condition is epilepsy.

24. The method of claim 22, wherein the condition is migraine.
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