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Claims for Patent: 8,834,921

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Claims for Patent: 8,834,921

Title:Sustained-release liposomal anesthetic compositions
Abstract: The invention provides a method for obtaining local anesthetics encapsulated in liposomes, such as multi vesicular liposomes, with high encapsulation efficiency and slow release in vivo. When the encapsulated anesthetic is administered as a single intracutaneous dose, the duration of anesthesia and half-life of the drug at the local injection site is increased as compared to injection of unencapsulated anesthetic. The maximum tolerated dose of the encapsulated anesthetic is also markedly increased in the liposomal formulation over injection of unencapsulated anesthetic. These results show that the liposomal formulation of local anesthetic is useful for sustained local infiltration and nerve block anesthesia.
Inventor(s): Kim; Sinil (La Jolla, CA), Kim; Taehee (Carlsbad, CA), Murdande; Sharad (Waterford, CT)
Assignee: Pacira Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (San Diego, CA)
Application Number:13/476,823
Patent Claims: 1. A process for making a multivesicular liposome formulation comprising bupivacaine phosphate comprising: a) preparing a first aqueous component comprising at least one acid in sufficient quantity to solubilize bupivacaine or a salt thereof, said acid being phosphoric acid; b) preparing a lipid component comprising at least one organic solvent, at least one amphipathic lipid, and at least one neutral lipid lacking a hydrophilic head group; c) mixing said first aqueous component and said lipid component to form a water-in-oil emulsion, wherein at least one component comprises bupivacaine or a salt thereof; d) mixing said water-in-oil emulsion with a second aqueous component to form solvent spherules; and e) removing the organic solvent from the solvent spherules to form multivesicular liposomes.

2. The process of claim 1, wherein said amphipathic lipid is dierucoylphosphatidyl choline.

3. The process of claim 1, wherein said amphipathic lipid is dipalmitoylphosphatidylglycerol.

4. The process of claim 1, wherein said neutral lipid is tricaprylin.

5. A pharmaceutical composition comprising multivesicular liposomes, said multivesicular liposome comprising: bupivacaine phosphate; a lipid component comprising at least one amphipathic lipid and at least one neutral lipid lacking a hydrophilic head group; and, optionally, a cholesterol and/or a plant sterol.

6. The pharmaceutical composition of claim 5, wherein said at least one amphipathic lipid is selected from the group consisting of dierucoylphosphatidylcholine and dipalmitoylphosphatidylglycerol.

7. The pharmaceutical composition of claim 5, wherein said at least one amphipathic lipid comprises dierucoylphosphatidylcholine.

8. The pharmaceutical composition of claim 5, wherein said at least one amphipathic lipid comprises dipalmitoylphosphatidylglycerol.

9. The pharmaceutical composition of claim 5, wherein said at least one neutral lipid is tricaprylin.

10. The pharmaceutical composition of claim 5, wherein said at least one amphipathic lipid comprises dierucoylphosphatidylcholine and/or dipalmitoylphosphatidylglycerol, and said at least one neutral lipid comprises tricaprylin.

11. The pharmaceutical composition of claim 5, wherein the amphipathic lipid is dierucoylphosphatidylcholine and dipalmitoylphosphatidylglycerol; and each neutral lipid is selected from the group consisting of triolein, tripalmitolein, trimyristolein, trilinolein, tributyrin, tricaproin, tricaprylin, and tricaprin.

12. The pharmaceutical composition of claim 11, wherein the neutral lipid is tricaprylin.

13. The pharmaceutical composition of claim 12, including cholesterol.

14. The pharmaceutical composition of claim 5, wherein the composition includes from about 0.01% w/v to about 5.0% w/v of bupivacaine phosphate.

15. A method providing regional anesthesia to a subject in need thereof by administering in a single dose a composition of claim 5.

16. The method of claim 15, wherein the single dose includes from about 20 mg to about 300 mg of bupivacaine phosphate.

17. The method of claim 15, wherein the single dose administration is intracutaneously, subcutaneously, or via nerve block.

18. The method of claim 17, wherein the nerve block is local or regional nerve block.

19. The method of claim 15, wherein the regional anesthesia has a duration of 12 hours or more.

20. A method of treating post-operative or post-trauma pain in a subject in need thereof comprising administering in a single dose a composition of claim 5.

21. The method of claim 20, wherein said at least one amphipathic lipid comprises dierucoylphosphatidylcholine.

22. The method of claim 20, wherein said at least one neutral lipid is tricaprylin.

23. The method of claim 20, wherein the single dose administration provides pain relief of 12 hours or more.
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