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Claims for Patent: 8,791,127

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Claims for Patent: 8,791,127

Title:Mucosal bioadhesive slow release carrier for delivering active principles
Abstract: A mucosal bioadhesive slow release carrier comprising an active principle and devoid of starch, lactose, which can release the active principal for a duration of longer than 20 hours. This bioadhesive carrier contains a diluent, an alkali metal alkylsulfate, a binding agent, at least one bioadhesive polymer and at least one sustained release polymer, as well as a method for its preparation.
Inventor(s): Costantini; Dominique (Paris, FR), Lemarchand; Caroline (Paris, FR)
Assignee: BioAlliance Pharma (Paris, FR)
Application Number:13/943,504
Patent Claims: 1. A prolonged release mucoadhesive formulation comprising: an antiviral agent; a diluent; an alkali metal alkyl sulfate; a binding agent; at least one bioadhesive polymer that allows the formulation to adhere to the oral mucosa following administration to a human patient; and at least one sustained release polymer; wherein the formulation comprises primary granules which comprise the antiviral agent, the diluent, the alkali metal alkylsulfate, and the binding agent; and wherein the bioadhesive polymer is dispersed in the formulation.

2. The formulation of claim 1, which comprises no more than 5% by weight of a polyvinylpyrrolidone.

3. The formulation of claim 1, wherein the bioadhesive polymer is not in the primary granules.

4. The formulation of claim 1, wherein the alkali metal alkyl sulfate is present in an amount between 2% to 6% by weight.

5. The formulation of claim 1, wherein the bioadhesive polymer is present in an amount between 10% to 40% by weight.

6. The formulation of claim 1, wherein the sustained release polymer is present in an amount between 10% to 40% by weight.

7. The formulation of claim 1, wherein the binding agent is present in an amount between 0.5% and 5% by weight.

8. The formulation of claim 7, wherein the binding agent is a polyvinylpyrrolidone.

9. The formulation of claim 1, wherein the bioadhesive polymer is natural proteins.

10. The formulation of claim 9, wherein the natural proteins are natural milk proteins.

11. The formulation of claim 1, wherein the antiviral agent is acyclovir.

12. The formulation of claim 11, wherein the acyclovir is in an amount between 10 mg and 200 mg.

13. The formulation of claim 11, wherein the acyclovir is in an amount between 50 mg and 100 mg.

14. The formulation of claim 1, which comprises: 10 mg to 200 mg of the antiviral agent, 1% to 75% by weight of the diluent, 1% to 10% by weight of the alkali metal alkyl sulfate, 5% to 80% by weight of the at least one bioadhesive polymer, and 5% to 80% by weight of the at least one sustained release polymer.

15. The formulation of claim 14, which comprises: 2% to 6% by weight of the alkali metal alkyl sulfate, 10% to 40% by weight of the at least one bioadhesive polymer, and 10% to 40% by weight of the at least one sustained release polymer.

16. The formulation of claim 15, wherein: the alkali metal alkyl sulfate is sodium lauryl sulfate, the bioadhesive polymer is selected from natural milk proteins and mixtures thereof, and the sustained release polymer is hypromellose.

17. The formulation of claim 16, wherein the antiviral agent is acyclovir.

18. The formulation of claim 16, wherein the binding agent is a polyvinylpyrrolidone.

19. The formulation of claim 1, which comprises: 50 mg or 100 mg of acyclovir, 2% to 10% by weight of sodium lauryl sulfate, 10% to 40% by weight of at least one bioadhesive polymer selected from natural milk proteins and mixtures thereof, and 10% to 40% by weight of hypromellose.

20. The formulation of claim 19, wherein the binding agent is a polyvinylpyrrolidone.

21. The formulation of claim 1, wherein the formulation is devoid of starch.

22. The formulation of claim 1, wherein the predominant fraction of primary granules has a diameter of less than 125 .mu.m.

23. The formulation of claim 1, wherein the formulation is formed by compressing a mixture of the primary granules, the bioadhesive polymer, and the sustained release polymer.

24. A method of preparing the formulation of claim 1, comprising: a) granulating a mixture of the antiviral agent, the diluent, the alkali metal alkyl sulfate, and the binding agent; b) blending the granulated mixture with the bioadhesive polymer and the sustained release polymer; and c) compressing the blended mixture obtained in b); to prepare the formulation of claim 1.

25. The method of claim 24, wherein the bioadhesive polymer is natural proteins.

26. The method of claim 25, wherein the natural proteins are natural milk proteins.

27. The method of claim 24, wherein the antiviral agent is acyclovir.

28. A method of treating a mucosal disease, comprising administering to the oral mucosal of a human patient in need thereof the formulation of claim 1.

29. A method of treating a mucosal disease, comprising administering to the oral mucosal of a human patient in need thereof the formulation of claim 15.

30. A method of treating a mucosal disease, comprising administering to the oral mucosal of a human patient in need thereof the formulation of claim 19.
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