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Claims for Patent: 8,668,931

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Claims for Patent: 8,668,931

Title:Pharmaceutical formulation containing a biguanide and a thiazolidinedione derivative
Abstract: A pharmaceutical dosage form comprising a controlled release component comprising an antihyperglycemic drug in combination with a second component comprising a thiazolidinedione derivative is herein disclosed and described.
Inventor(s): Kositprapa; Unchalee (Davie, FL), Goldfarb; Robert I. (Golden Beach, FL), Cardinal; John R. (Tamarac, FL), Nangia; Avinash (Weston, FL)
Assignee: Actavis, Inc. (Parsippany, NJ)
Application Number:13/889,441
Patent Claims: 1. A tablet for the oral administration of metformin hydrochloride and pioglitazone hydrochloride comprising: (a) a controlled release core comprising: i) a core comprising about 500 mg to about 1000 mg of only one drug which is metformin hydrochloride and at least one pharmaceutically acceptable excipient; ii) optionally an inner seal coating surrounding the core; and iii) a sustained release coating surrounding the core or the inner seal coating if present; (b) optionally an outer seal coating surrounding the sustained release coating wherein the outer seal coating does not contain an active pharmaceutical ingredient and rapidly disperses or dissolves in water; and (c) an immediate release pioglitazone layer surrounding the sustained release coating of the controlled release core or the outer seal coating if present comprising: (i) about 15 mg to about 45 mg of pioglitazone hydrochloride; (ii) a binder selected from the group consisting of polyvinyl pyrrolidone, hydroxypropyl cellulose, hydroxyethylcellulose, hydroxypropyl methylcellulose, ethylcellulose, polymethacrylate, polyvinylalcohol, waxes and mixtures thereof; (iii) a pore forming agent selected from the group consisting of sodium chloride, potassium chloride, sucrose, sorbitol, mannitol, polyethylene glycols, propylene glycol and mixtures thereof; (iv) optionally a pharmaceutical excipient selected from the group consisting of surfactants, absorption enhancers, plasticizers, antifoaming agent and combinations thereof wherein not less than 75%, of the pioglitazone hydrochloride is released from the tablet within 45 minutes when tested according to the United States Pharmacopeia (USP) 26, with Apparatus 1 at 100 rpm, 37.degree. C. and 900 ml of 0.3 M KCl--HCl Buffer, pH 2.0, and after storage at 40.degree. C. and 75% relative humidity for three months, the total pioglitazone related compounds or impurities in the tablet is not more than 0.6% as determined by high performance liquid chromatography and each individual pioglitazone related compound or impurity in the tablet is not more than 0.25% wherein the pioglitazone related compounds and impurities are: (i) (+/-)-5-[p-[2-(5-ethyl-2-pyridyl)ethoxy]benzyl]-5-hydroxy-2,4-thiazolidin- edione; (ii) (z)-5-[p-[2-(5-ethyl-2-pyridyl)ethoxy]benzylidene]-2,4-thiazolidinedione; (iii) (+/-)-5-[p-[2-(5-ethyl-2-pyridyl)ethoxy]benzyl]-3-[2-(5-ethyl-2-pyr- idyl)ethyl]-2,4-thiazolidinedione; (iv) (+/-)-ethyl-2-carbamoyltio-3-[4-[2-(5-ethyl-2-pyridyl)ethoxy]phenyl-]prop- ionate; and (v) ethyl-3-p-[2-(5-ethyl-2-pyridyl)ethoxy]phenyl-propionate.

2. The tablet as defined in claim 1 wherein not less than 85%, of the pioglitazone hydrochloride is released from the tablet within 45 minutes when tested according to the United States Pharmacopeia (USP) 26, with Apparatus 1 at 100 rpm, 37.degree. C. and 900 ml of 0.3 M KCl--HCl Buffer, pH 2.0.

3. The tablet as defined in claim 1 wherein the total pioglitazone related compounds or impurities are not more than 0.5%.

4. The tablet as defined in claim 3 wherein each individual pioglitazone related compound or impurity in the tablet is not more than 0.20%.

5. The tablet as defined in claim 4 wherein each individual pioglitazone related compound or impurity in the tablet is not more than 0.10%.

6. The tablet of claim 1 wherein said controlled release core is an osmotic tablet.

7. The tablet of claim 6 wherein the osmotic tablet consists of: (a) a core comprising: (i) 50-98% of said metformin hydrochloride; (ii) 0.1-40% of a binding agent; (iii) 0-20% of an absorption enhancer; and (iv) 0-5% of a lubricant; (b) optionally an inner seal coat surrounding the core; and (c) a sustained release coating surrounding the core or the inner seal coat if present comprising: (i) 50-99% of a polymer; (ii) 0-40% of a flux enhancer and (iii) 0-25% of a plasticizer, said membrane having at least one passageway formed therein for release of the metformin hydrochloride.

8. The tablet of claim 1 wherein said controlled release core is substantially free from any gelling or expanding polymer.

9. The tablet of claim 1 wherein said controlled release of said metformin hydrochloride provides a Tmax of 8-12 hours.

10. The tablet of claim 1 wherein said release of the pioglitazone hydrochloride provides a Tmax of 1-12 hours.

11. The tablet of claim 10 wherein said release of the pioglitazone hydrochloride provides a Tmax of 1-4 hours.

12. A tablet for the oral administration of metformin hydrochloride and pioglitazone hydrochloride comprising: (a) a controlled release core comprising: i) a core comprising about 500 mg to about 1000 mg of only one drug which is metformin hydrochloride and at least one pharmaceutically acceptable excipient; ii) optionally an inner seal coating surrounding the core; and iii) a sustained release coating surrounding the core or the inner seal coating if present, wherein the controlled release core exhibits the following dissolution profile when tested in a USP Type 2 apparatus at 75 rpms in 900 ml of simulated intestinal fluid with a pH of 7.5 and at 37.degree. C.: 0-25% of the metformin hydrochloride is released after 2 hours; 10-45% of the metformin hydrochloride is released after 4 hours; 30-90% of the metformin hydrochloride is released after 8 hours; not less than 50% of the metformin hydrochloride is released after 12 hours; not less than 60% of the metformin hydrochloride is released after 16 hours; and not less than 70% of the metformin hydrochloride is released after 20 hours; and (B) optionally an outer seal coating surrounding the sustained release coating wherein the outer seal coating does not contain an active pharmaceutical ingredient and rapidly disperses or dissolves in water; and (C) an immediate release pioglitazone hydrochloride layer surrounding the sustained release coating of the controlled release core or the outer seal coating if present comprising: (i) about 15 mg to about 45 mg of pioglitazone hydrochloride; (ii) a binder selected from the group consisting of polyvinyl pyrrolidone, hydroxypropyl cellulose, hydroxyethylcellulose, hydroxypropyl methylcellulose, ethylcellulose, polymethacrylate, polyvinylalcohol, waxes and mixtures thereof; (iii) a pore forming agent selected from the group consisting of sodium chloride, potassium chloride, sucrose, sorbitol, mannitol, polyethylene glycols, propylene glycol and mixtures thereof; (iv) optionally a pharmaceutical excipient selected from the group consisting of surfactants, absorption enhancers, plasticizers, antifoaming agent and combinations thereof wherein the immediate release pioglitazone hydrochloride layer releases not less than 75% of the pioglitazone hydrochloride from the tablet within 45 minutes when tested according to the United States Pharmacopeia (USP) 26, with Apparatus 1 at 100 rpm, 37.degree. C. and 900 ml of 0.3 M KCl--HCl Buffer, pH 2.0 and the tablet contains not more than 0.25% of the following compounds: (i) (+/-)-5-[p-[2-(5-ethyl-2-pyridyl)ethoxy]benzyl]-5-hydroxy-2,4-thiazolidin- edione; (ii) (z)-5-[p-[2-(5-ethyl-2-pyridyl)ethoxy]benzylidene]-2,4-thiazolidinedione; (iii) (+/-)-5-[p-[2-(5-ethyl-2-pyridyl)ethoxy]benzyl]-3-[2-(5-ethyl-2-pyr- idyl)ethyl]-2,4-thiazolidinedione; (iv) (+/-)-ethyl-2-carbamoyltio-3-[4-[2-(5-ethyl-2-pyridyl)ethoxy]phenyl-]prop- ionate; and (v) ethyl-3-p-[2-(5-ethyl-2-pyridyl)ethoxy]phenyl-propionate.

13. The tablet as defined in claim 12 wherein not less than 85%, of the pioglitazone hydrochloride is released from the tablet within 45 minutes when tested according to the United States Pharmacopeia (USP) 26, with Apparatus 1 at 100 rpm, 37.degree. C. and 900 ml of 0.3 M KCl--HCl Buffer, pH 2.0.

14. The tablet as defined in claim 12 wherein not less than 100%, of the pioglitazone hydrochloride is released from the tablet within 45 minutes when tested according to the United States Pharmacopeia (USP) 26, with Apparatus 1 at 100 rpm, 37.degree. C. and 900 ml of 0.3 M KCl--HCl Buffer, pH 2.0.

15. The tablet of claim 12 wherein said controlled release core is substantially free from any gelling or expanding polymer.

16. The tablet of claim 12 wherein the controlled release core exhibits the following dissolution profile when tested in a USP Type 2 apparatus at 75 rpms in 900 ml of simulated intestinal fluid with a pH of 7.5 and at 37.degree. C.: 0-15% of the metformin hydrochloride is released after 2 hours; 20-40% of the metformin hydrochloride is released after 4 hours; 45-90% of the metformin hydrochloride is released after 8 hours; not less than 60% of the metformin hydrochloride is released after 12 hours; not less than 70% of the metformin hydrochloride is released after 16 hours; and not less than 80% of the metformin hydrochloride is released after 20 hours.

17. The tablet of claim 12 that contains not more than 0.2% of the following compounds: (i) (+/-)-5-[p-[2-(5-ethyl-2-pyridyl)ethoxy]benzyl]-5-hydroxy-2,4-thiazolidin- edione; (ii) (z)-5-[p-[2-(5-ethyl-2-pyridyl)ethoxy]benzylidene]-2,4-thiazolidinedione; (iii) (+/-)-5-[p-[2-(5-ethyl-2-pyridyl)ethoxy]benzyl]-3-[2-(5-ethyl-2-pyr- idyl)ethyl]-2,4-thiazolidinedione; (iv) (+/-)-ethyl-2-carbamoyltio-3-[4-[2-(5-ethyl-2-pyridyl)ethoxy]phenyl-]prop- ionate; and (v) ethyl-3-p-[2-(5-ethyl-2-pyridyl)ethoxy]phenyl-propionate.

18. The tablet of claim 12 that contains not more than 0.1% of the following compounds: (i) (+/-)-5-[p-[2-(5-ethyl-2-pyridyl)ethoxy]benzyl]-5-hydroxy-2,4-thiazolidin- edione; (ii) (z)-5-[p-[2-(5-ethyl-2-pyridyl)ethoxy]benzylidene]-2,4-thiazolidinedione; (iii) (+/-)-5-[p-[2-(5-ethyl-2-pyridyl)ethoxy]benzyl]-3-[2-(5-ethyl-2-pyr- idyl)ethyl]-2,4-thiazolidinedione; (iv) (+/-)-ethyl-2-carbamoyltio-3-[4-[2-(5-ethyl-2-pyridyl)ethoxy]phenyl-]prop- ionate; and (v) ethyl-3-p-[2-(5-ethyl-2-pyridyl)ethoxy]phenyl-propionate.
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