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Claims for Patent: 8,592,397

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Claims for Patent: 8,592,397

Title:Compositions and methods for combination antiviral therapy
Abstract: The present invention relates to therapeutic combinations of [2-(6-amino-purin-9-yl)-1-methyl-ethoxymethyl]-phosphonic acid diisopropoxycarbonyloxymethyl ester (tenofovir disoproxil fumarate, Viread.RTM.) and (2R, 5S, cis)-4-amino-5-fluoro-1-(2-hydroxymethyl-1,3-oxathiolan-5-yl)-(1H)-pyrimi- din-2-one(emtricitabine, Emtriva.TM., (-)-cis FTC) and their physiologically functional derivatives. The combinations may be useful in the treatment of HIV infections, including infections with HIV mutants bearing resistance to nucleoside and/or non-nucleoside inhibitors. The present invention is also concerned with pharmaceutical compositions and formulations of said combinations of tenofovir disoproxil fumarate and emtricitabine, and their physiologically functional derivatives, as well as therapeutic methods of use of those compositions and formulations.
Inventor(s): Dahl; Terrence C. (Sunnyvale, CA), Menning; Mark M. (San Francisco, CA), Oliyai; Reza (San Carlos, CA)
Assignee: Gilead Sciences, Inc. (Foster City, CA)
Application Number:12/195,161
Patent Claims: 1. A chemically stable fixed dose combination pharmaceutical dosage form comprising 300 mg tenofovir disoproxil fumarate and 200 mg emtricitabine; a binder selected from the group consisting of povidone, gelatin, hydroxypropyl methylcellulose, cellulose, microcrystalline cellulose, starch, and acacia; a disintegrant selected from sodium starch glycolate, crosslinked-povidone, cross-linked sodium carboxymethylcellulose, and alginic acid; and a lubricant selected from the group consisting of magnesium stearate, stearic acid, and talc; wherein said pharmaceutical dosage form exhibits less than 10% degradation of the tenofovir disoproxil fumarate or emtricitabine after 6 months when packaged and stored with silica gel dessicant at 40.degree. C./75% relative humidity.

2. The pharmaceutical dosage form of claim 1 wherein the dosage form is oral.

3. The pharmaceutical dosage form of claim 1 where there is less than 1% degradation of tenofovir disoproxil fumarate over a 24-hour period.

4. The pharmaceutical dosage form of claim 1 where there is less than 0.1% degradation of tenofovir disoproxil fumarate over a 24-hour period.

5. The pharmaceutical dosage form of claim 1 where there is less than 0.01% degradation of tenofovir disoproxil fumarate over a 24-hour period.

6. The pharmaceutical dosage form of claim 1 wherein less than 5% degradation of the tenofovir disoproxil fumarate or emtricitabine occurs after six months at 40.degree. C./75% relative humidity when packaged and stored with desiccant.

7. The pharmaceutical dosage form of claim 1 comprising 300 mg tenofovir disoproxil fumarate, 200 mg emtricitabine, pregelatinized starch, croscarmellose sodium, lactose monohydrate, microcrystalline cellulose, and magnesium stearate.

8. The pharmaceutical dosage form of claim 7 comprising 300 mg tenofovir disoproxil fumarate, 200 mg emtricitabine, 50 mg pregelatinized starch, 60 mg croscarmellose sodium, 80 mg lactose monohydrate, 300 mg microcrystalline cellulose, and 10 mg magnesium stearate.

9. The pharmaceutical dosage form of claim 7 comprising 300 mg tenofovir disoproxil fumarate, 200 mg emtricitabine, 50 mg pregelatinized starch, 60 mg croscarmellose sodium, lactose monohydrate, 200 mg microcrystalline cellulose, and 10 mg magnesium stearate.

10. The pharmaceutical dosage form of claim 1 comprising 300 mg tenofovir disoproxil fumarate, 200 mg emtricitabine, pregelatinized starch, croscarmellose sodium, lactose monohydrate, microcrystalline cellulose, magnesium stearate, and colloidal silicon dioxide.

11. The pharmaceutical dosage form of claim 10 comprising 300 mg tenofovir disoproxil fumarate, 200 mg emtricitabine, 50 mg pregelatinized starch, 60 mg croscarmellose sodium, 175 mg lactose monohydrate, 200 mg microcrystalline cellulose, 10 mg magnesium stearate, and 5 mg colloidal silicon dioxide.

12. The pharmaceutical dosage form of claim 10 comprising 300 mg tenofovir disoproxil fumarate, 200 mg emtricitabine, hydroxypropyl methylcellulose, lactose, pregelatinized starch, and magnesium stearate.

13. The pharmaceutical dosage form of claim 10 comprising 300 mg tenofovir disoproxil fumarate, 200 mg emtricitabine, 112 mg hydroxypropyl methylcellulose, lactose, pregelatinized starch, and 7 mg magnesium stearate.

14. The pharmaceutical dosage form of claim 1 comprising less than 1% of impurities related to tenofovir disoproxil fumarate and emtricitabine.

15. A method for the treatment of the symptoms or effects of an HIV infection in an infected animal which comprises administering to said animal the pharmaceutical dosage form of claim 1.

16. A method for the treatment of the symptoms or effects of an HIV infection in an infected animal which comprises administering to said animal the pharmaceutical dosage form of claim 6.

17. A method for the treatment of the symptoms or effects of an HIV infection in an infected animal which comprises administering to said animal the pharmaceutical dosage form of claim 10.

18. The pharmaceutical dosage form of claim 1, wherein the starch is pregelatinized starch.

19. A chemically stable fixed dose combination pharmaceutical dosage form comprising 300 mg tenofovir disoproxil fumarate and 200 mg emtricitabine; a binder selected from the group consisting of povidone, gelatin, hydroxypropyl methylcellulose, cellulose, microcrystalline cellulose, pregelatinized starch, and acacia; a disintegrant selected from sodium starch glycolate, crosslinked-povidone, cross-linked sodium carboxymethylcellulose, maize starch, and alginic acid; and a lubricant selected from the group consisting of magnesium stearate, stearic acid, and talc; wherein said pharmaceutical dosage form exhibits less than 10% degradation of the tenofovir disoproxil fumarate or emtricitabine after 6 months when packaged and stored with silica gel dessicant at 40.degree. C./75% relative humidity.

20. A chemically stable fixed dose combination pharmaceutical dosage form comprising 300 mg tenofovir disoproxil fumarate and 200 mg emtricitabine; a binder selected from the group consisting of povidone, gelatin, hydroxypropyl methylcellulose, cellulose, microcrystalline cellulose, starch, and acacia; a disintegrant selected from sodium starch glycolate, crosslinked-povidone, cross-linked sodium carboxymethylcellulose, and alginic acid; and a lubricant selected from the group consisting of magnesium stearate, stearic acid, and talc; wherein said pharmaceutical dosage form exhibits less than 1% degradation of the tenofovir disoproxil fumarate over a 24-hour period.

21. The pharmaceutical dosage form of claim 20, wherein there is less than 0.1% degradation of tenofovir disoproxil fumarate over a 24-hour period.

22. The pharmaceutical dosage form of claim 20, wherein there is less than 0.01% degradation of tenofovir disoproxil fumarate over a 24-hour period.

23. The pharmaceutical dosage form of claim 20, wherein the starch is pregelatinized starch.

24. A chemically stable fixed dose combination pharmacutical dosage form comprising 300 mg tenofovir disoproxil fumarate and 200 mg emtricitabine; a binder selected from the group consisting of povidone, gelatin, hydroxypropyl methylcellulose, cellulose, microcrystalline cellulose, pregelatinized starch, and acacia; a disintegrant selected from sodium starch glycolate, crosslinked-povidone, cross-linked sodium carboxymethylcellulose, maize starch, and alginic acid; and a lubricant selected from the group consisting of magnesium stearate, stearic acid, and talc; wherein said pharmaceutical dosage form exhibits less than 1% degradation of the tenofovir disoproxil fumarate over a 24-hour period.

25. The pharmaceutical dosage form of claim 24, wherein there is less than 0.1% degradation of tenofovir disoproxil fumarate over a 24-hour period.

26. The pharmaceutical dosage form of claim 24, wherein there is less than 0.01% degradation of tenofovir disoproxil fumarate over a 24-hour period.
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