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Claims for Patent: 8,591,948

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Claims for Patent: 8,591,948

Title:Antifungal compositions with improved bioavailability
Abstract: The present invention is concerned with novel pharmaceutical compositions of itraconazole which can be administered to a mammal suffering from a fungal infection, whereby a single such dosage form can be administered once daily, and in addition at any time of the day independently of the food taken in by said mammal. These novel compositions comprise particles obtainable by melt-extruding a mixture comprising itraconazole and an appropriate water-soluble polymer and subsequently milling said melt-extruded mixture.
Inventor(s): Baert; Lieven Elvire Colette (Bruges, BE), Verreck; Geert (Malle, BE), Thone; Dany (Beerse, BE)
Assignee: Janssen Pharmaceutica N.V. (Beerse, BE)
Application Number:11/445,849
Patent Claims: 1. A pharmaceutical dosage form comprising: a therapeutically effective amount of particles having a mean particle size of less than 600 .mu.m consisting of an extrudate which is a solid dispersion or a solid solution obtained by melt extrusion comprising (a) 5-50 weight percent of itraconazole, or one of its stereoisomers, or a mixture of two or three or four stereoisomers, relative to the weight of the entire particle, in a non-crystalline phase, and (b) one or more pharmaceutically acceptable water-soluble polymers; and wherein the particles are homogenously distributed throughout a mixture of a diluent and a disintegrant and the pharmaceutical dosage form is an immediate release tablet.

2. The pharmaceutical dosage form according to claim 1 which is a solid solution comprising (a) and (b).

3. The pharmaceutical dosage form according to claim 1 wherein the water-soluble polymer is selected from the group consisting of alkylcelluloses, hydroxyalkylcelluloses, hydroxyalkyl alkylcelluloses, starches, pectines, chitin derivatives, polysaccharides, alkali metal and ammonium salts thereof, carrageenans, galactomannans, traganth, agar-agar, gummi arabicum, guar gummi and xanthan gummi, polyvinylalcohol, and polyalkylene oxides and copolymers of ethylene oxide and propylene oxide.

4. The pharmaceutical dosage form according to claim 3 wherein the water-soluble polymer is a polymer that has an apparent viscosity of 1 to 100 mPas when dissolved in a 2% aqueous solution at 20.degree. C.

5. The pharmaceutical dosage form according to claim 3 wherein the water-soluble polymer is a hydroxyalkyl alkylcellulose.

6. The pharmaceutical dosage form according to claim 5 wherein the water-soluble polymer is hydroxypropyl methylcellulose.

7. The pharmaceutical dosage form according to claim 6 wherein the weight-by-weight ratio of (a):(b) is in the range of 1:1 to 1:17.

8. The pharmaceutical dosage form according to claim 1 wherein the extrudate is a solid solution comprising two parts by weight of (a), to three parts by weight of (b), wherein the one or more pharmaceutically acceptable water-soluble polymers is hydroxypropyl methylcellulose, obtained by blending (a) and (b) to obtain a blend, extruding the blend at a temperature in the range of 120.degree. C.-300.degree. C. to obtain the extrudate, grinding the extrudate, and optionally sieving the thus obtained extrudate.

9. The pharmaceutical dosage form according to claim 1 surrounded by a film-coat comprising a film-forming polymer, a plasticizer and optionally a pigment.

10. The pharmaceutical dosage form according to claim 1 wherein the weight of the particles is at least 40% of the total weight of the pharmaceutical dosage form.

11. The pharmaceutical dosage form according to claim 1 from which at least 85% of the available itraconazole, or one of its stereoisomers, or a mixture of two or three or four of its stereoisomers dissolves within 60 minutes when a dosage form equivalent to 200 mg itraconazole is tested as set forth in USP test <711> in a USP-2 dissolution apparatus under conditions at least as stringent as the following: 900 ml 0.1 N HCl, 37.degree. C. with paddles turning at 100 rpm.

12. A pharmaceutical package suitable for commercial sale comprising a container, the pharmaceutical dosage form as claimed in claim 1, and associated with said package written matter non-limited as to whether the dosage form can be taken with or without food.

13. The pharmaceutical dosage form according to claim 6 wherein the water-soluble polymer is HPMC 2910 5 mPas.

14. The pharmaceutical dosage form according to claim 6 wherein the hydroxypropyl methylcellulose has a viscosity of about 3 to about 15 mPas.

15. The pharmaceutical dosage form according to claim 1 wherein the mean particle size is less than 400 .mu.m.

16. The pharmaceutical dosage form according to claim 1 wherein the mean particle size is less than 125 .mu.m.

17. The pharmaceutical dosage form according to claim 1 wherein 70 weight percent of the particles have a diameter ranging from 50 .mu.m to 500 .mu.m.

18. The pharmaceutical dosage form according to claim 17 wherein 70 weight percent of the particles have a diameter ranging from 50 .mu.m to 200 .mu.m.

19. The pharmaceutical dosage form according to claim 17 wherein 70 weight percent of the particles have a diameter ranging from 50 .mu.m to 125 .mu.m.

20. The pharmaceutical dosage form according to claim 1 wherein the particles comprise itraconazole, or one of its stereoisomers, or a mixture of two or three or four of its stereoisomers, in the range of 25 to 50 weight percent, relative to the weight of the entire particle.

21. The pharmaceutical dosage form according to claim 1 wherein the tablet comprises from about 50 mg to about 300 mg itraconazole.

22. The pharmaceutical dosage form according to claim 1 wherein the tablet comprises about 200 mg itraconazole.

23. The pharmaceutical dosage form according to claim 1 wherein the weight-by-weight ratio of (a):(b) is in the range of 1:1 to 1:5.

24. The pharmaceutical dosage form according to claim 1 wherein the weight-by-weight ratio of (a):(b) is in the range of about 1:1 to about 1:2.

25. The pharmaceutical dosage form according to claim 1 wherein the weight-by-weight ratio of (a):(b) is about 1:1.5.

26. The package of claim 12 wherein the written matter describes that the dosage form should be taken with food.

27. A pharmaceutical dosage form comprising: a therapeutically effective amount of particles having a mean particle size of less than 600 .mu.m consisting of a solid dispersion or solid solution comprising (a) 5-50 weight percent of itraconazole, or one of its stereoisomers, or a mixture of two or three or four stereoisomers, relative to the weight of the entire particle, in a non-crystalline phase, and (b) one or more pharmaceutically acceptable water-soluble polymers; wherein the particles are homogenously distributed throughout a mixture of a diluent and a disintegrant and the pharmaceutical dosage form is an immediate release tablet.

28. The pharmaceutical dosage form according to claim 1 or 27, wherein the diluent comprises spray-dried or anhydrous lactose, sucrose, dextrose, mannitol, sorbitol, starch, cellulose, dihydrated or anhydrous dibasic calcium phosphate, or mixtures thereof.

29. The pharmaceutical dosage form according to claim 1 or 27, wherein the disintegrant is crospovidone, croscarmellose, or a disintegrant that has a coefficient of expansion comparable to crospovidone or croscarmellose.

30. The pharmaceutical dosage form according to claim 1 or 27 wherein the disintegrant is crospovidone, croscarmellose, or a disintegrant that has a coefficient of expansion comparable to crospovidone or croscarmellose, and the diluent is spray-dried or anhydrous lactose, sucrose, dextrose, mannitol, sorbitol, starch, cellulose, dihydrated or anhydrous dibasic calcium phosphate, or mixtures thereof.

31. The pharmaceutical dosage form according to claim 27 from which at least 85% of the available itraconazole, or one of its stereoisomers, or a mixture of two or three or four of its stereoisomers dissolves within 60 minutes when a dosage form equivalent to 200 mg itraconazole is tested as set forth in USP test <711> in a USP-2 dissolution apparatus under conditions at least as stringent as the following: 900 ml 0.1 N HCl, 37.degree. C. with paddles turning at 100 rpm.

32. The pharmaceutical dosage form of claim 1 or 27, wherein the diluent is from 20 to 40% by weight and the disintegrant is from 3 to 10% by weight of the total dosage form.

33. The pharmaceutical dosage form according to claim 27 wherein the one or more pharmaceutically acceptable water-soluble polymers is hydroxypropyl methylcellulose.

34. The pharmaceutical dosage form according to claim 33 wherein the hydroxypropyl methylcellulose has an apparent viscosity of 1 to 100 mPas when dissolved in a 2% aqueous solution at 20.degree. C.

35. The pharmaceutical dosage form according to claim 34 wherein the weight-by-weight ratio of (a):(b) is in the range of 1:1 to 1:17.

36. A process of preparing a pharmaceutical dosage form comprising distributing a therapeutically effective amount of particles homogeneously throughout a mixture of a disintegrant and a diluent to obtain a blend and compressing said blend into tablets; wherein the particles consist of an extrudate which is a solid dispersion or a solid solution obtained by melt extrusion comprising (a) 5-50 weight percent of itraconazole, or one of its stereoisomers, or a mixture of two or three or four stereoisomers, in a non-crystalline phase, and (b) one or more pharmaceutically acceptable water-soluble polymers; and wherein the extrudate is milled or ground to particles having a mean particle size of less than 600 .mu.m; and wherein the pharmaceutical dosage form is for immediate release of itraconazole upon oral ingestion.

37. The process of claim 36 wherein the extrusion is done at a temperature in the range of about 120.degree. C. to about 300.degree. C.

38. A pharmaceutical dosage form produced by the process of claim 37.

39. The pharmaceutical dosage form according to claim 30 wherein the diluent comprises a spray-dried mixture of lactose monohydrate and microcrystalline cellulose in a 75:25 ratio, and the disintegrant is crospovidone or croscarmellose.

40. A method of treating a fungal infection in a mammal comprising orally administering to the mammal an effective antifungal amount of itraconazole in the pharmaceutical dosage form as claimed in claim 1 or claim 27, wherein said pharmaceutical dosage form can be administered once daily.

41. The method of claim 40, wherein said pharmaceutical dosage form can be administered at any time of day independently of food taken in by said mammal.
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