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Claims for Patent: 8,557,291

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Claims for Patent: 8,557,291

Title:Abuse-deterrent pharmaceutical compositions of opioids and other drugs
Abstract: An abuse-deterrent pharmaceutical composition has been developed to reduce the likelihood of improper administration of drugs, especially drugs such as opioids. In a preferred embodiment, a drug is modified to increase its lipophilicity. In some embodiments the modified drug is homogeneously dispersed within spherical microparticles composed of a material that is either slowly soluble or not soluble in water. In some embodiments the drug containing microparticles or drug particles are coated with one or more coating layers, where at least one coating is water insoluble and/or organic solvent insoluble. The abuse-deterrent composition retards the release of drug, even if the physical integrity of the formulation is compromised (for example, by chopping with a blade or crushing) and the resulting material is placed in water, snorted, or swallowed. However, when administered as directed, the drug is slowly released from the composition as the composition is passes through the GI tract.
Inventor(s): Rariy; Roman V. (Allston, MA), Fleming; Alison B. (Attleboro, MA), Hirsh; Jane (Wellesley, MA), Klibanov; Alexander M. (Boston, MA)
Assignee: Collegium Pharmaceutical, Inc. (Canton, MA)
Application Number:12/473,073
Patent Claims: 1. An abuse-deterrent oral dosage form comprising a plurality of microparticles, where each microparticle comprises: a fatty acid salt of one or more drugs prone to abuse; and one or more carrier material(s) comprising fats, fatty substances, waxes, wax-like substances or mixtures thereof wherein the oral dosage form retards the release of the one or more drugs prone to abuse, even if the physical integrity of the dosage form is compromised and the compromised dosage form is placed in water.

2. An abuse-deterrent oral dosage form comprising a plurality of microparticles, where each microparticle comprises: a solidified solution of a fatty acid salt of one or more drugs prone to abuse; and one or more carrier material(s) comprising fats, fatty substances, waxes, wax-like substances or mixtures thereof.

3. The abuse-deterrent oral dosage form according to claim 2, wherein the oral dosage form retards the release of the one or more drugs prone to abuse, even if the physical integrity of the dosage form is compromised and the compromised dosage form is placed in water.

4. The abuse-deterrent oral dosage form according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the one or more drugs prone to abuse is an opioid.

5. The abuse-deterrent oral dosage form of claim 4, wherein the opioid is an opioid agonist.

6. The abuse-deterrent oral dosage form of claim 5, wherein the opioid agonist is hydrocodone, hydromorphone, morphine, oxycodone, oxymorphone or tramadol.

7. The abuse-deterrent oral dosage form according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the fatty acid salt is the stearate, palmitate or the myristate fatty acid salt.

8. The abuse-deterrent oral dosage form according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the one or more carrier materials comprise myristic acid, stearic acid, palmitic acid, beeswax, carnauba wax, hydrogenated oil or mixtures thereof.

9. The abuse-deterrent oral dosage form according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the oral dosage form is a capsule or a tablet.

10. The abuse-deterrent oral dosage form according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the oral dosage form further comprises an antioxidant.

11. The abuse-deterrent oral dosage form of claim 10, wherein the antioxidant comprises butylated hydroxy toluene (BHT); ascorbic acid, its salts and esters; Vitamin E, tocopherol and its salts; sodium metabisulphite; cysteine; citric acid; propyl gallate; butylated hydroxyanisole (BHA); or combinations thereof.

12. The abuse-deterrent oral dosage form according to claim 1 or 2, wherein each microparticle further comprises an enteric coat.

13. The abuse-deterrent oral dosage form according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the oral dosage form is a controlled-release oral dosage form.

14. The abuse-deterrent oral dosage form according to claim 1 or 2, wherein each microparticle further comprises a pharmaceutically acceptable surfactant.

15. The abuse-deterrent oral dosage form according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the microparticl es are spherical.

16. The abuse-deterrent oral dosage form according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the one or more drugs prone to abuse is a stimulant.

17. The abuse-deterrent oral dosage form of claim 16, wherein the stimulant is amphetamine, methamphetamine or methylphenidate.

18. The abuse-deterrent oral dosage form according to claim 2, wherein the one or more drugs prone to abuse is uniformly dispersed in the carrier material of each microparticle.

19. The abuse-deterrent oral dosage form according to claim 2, wherein each microparticle comprises one or more fatty acids as carrier materials in an amount sufficient to solubilize the one or more drugs prone to abuse in the carrier material(s).
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