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Claims for Patent: 8,501,219

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Claims for Patent: 8,501,219

Title:Flavoring systems for pharmaceutical compositions and methods of making such compositions
Abstract: A flavoring system for a liquid pharmaceutical composition and pharmaceutical compositions containing such flavoring systems are disclosed. Flavoring systems of the invention include at least one sweetening agent, at least two flavored ingredients, and at least one flavor modifier selected from the group consisting of citric acid, sodium citrate, sodium chloride, and mixtures thereof. At least two of the flavored ingredients are selected from the group consisting of a vanilla flavored ingredient, a peppermint flavored ingredient, a menthol flavored ingredient, a cotton candy flavored ingredient, and mixtures thereof. The one or more sweetening agents comprise glycerin, monoammonium glycyrrhizinate, saccharin sodium, acesulfame potassium, high fructose corn syrup, and/or mixtures thereof. Pharmaceutical compositions of the invention include a flavoring system of the invention, a solvent system, and at least one pharmaceutically active agent, such as lopinavir or derivatives thereof, ritonavir or derivatives thereof, or mixtures thereof. Methods for making such liquid pharmaceutical compositions are also disclosed.
Inventor(s): Alani; Laman (Hillsborough, CA), Gauwitz; Donald P. (McHenry, IL), Kaul; Dilip (Hillsborough, NJ), Lipari; John M. (Racine, WI), Ghosh; Soumojeet (Gurnee, IL), Marsh; Kennan C. (Lake Forest, IL), Whelan; Richard H. (Norfolk, MA), Petrossian; Vanik D. (Waban, MA)
Assignee: AbbVie Inc. (North Chicago, IL)
Application Number:12/687,479
Patent Claims: 1. A liquid pharmaceutical composition comprising: (a) a flavoring system comprising (i) citric acid, (ii) sodium citrate, (iii) sodium chloride, (iv) a menthol flavored ingredient, (v) a peppermint flavored ingredient, (vi) a vanilla flavored ingredient, (vii) a cotton candy flavored ingredient (viii) glycerin, (ix) monoammonium glycyrrhizinate, (x) saccharin sodium, (xi) acesulfame potassium, and (xii) high fructose corn syrup; and (b) one or more pharmaceutically active agents selected from the group consisting of ritonavir or derivatives thereof, lopinavir or derivatives thereof, and mixtures thereof.

2. The liquid pharmaceutical composition of claim 1 further comprising a solvent system comprising water, alkyl alcohols, and alkylene glycols, wherein said solvent system is present in an amount of between about 32% by weight and about 69% by weight based upon the total weight of the pharmaceutical composition.

3. The liquid pharmaceutical composition of claim 2, wherein the solvent system comprises not greater than 8.5 weight percent water, at least about 24 weight percent but not greater than 42 weight percent ethanol and at least about 7.5 weight percent but not greater than about 18 weight percent propylene glycol, based on the total weight of the pharmaceutical composition.

4. The liquid pharmaceutical composition of claim 1, wherein the flavoring system is present in an amount of between about 20% by weight and about 70% by weight based upon the total weight of the pharmaceutical composition.

5. The liquid pharmaceutical composition of claim 1, wherein the one or more pharmaceutically active agents are present in an amount of between about 4% and about 10% by weight based upon the total weight of the pharmaceutical composition.

6. The liquid pharmaceutical composition of claim 1, further comprising one or more pharmaceutically active agents in an amount of about 10% by weight based upon the total weight of the pharmaceutical composition.

7. The liquid pharmaceutical composition of claim 1, wherein the one or more pharmaceutically active agents is ritonavir.

8. The liquid pharmaceutical composition of claim 7, further comprising a solvent system comprising water, alkyl alcohols, and alkylene glycols, wherein said solvent system is present in an amount of between about 32% by weight and about 69% by weight based upon the total weight of the pharmaceutical composition.

9. The liquid pharmaceutical composition of claim 7 wherein components (i)-(xii) are present in the following weight percentages, based on the total weight of the pharmaceutical composition: (i) citric acid: from about 0.10 to about 0.25 weight percent, (ii) sodium citrate: not greater than about 0.25 weight percent, (iii) sodium chloride: not greater than about 0.40 weight percent, (iv) menthol flavored ingredient: from about 0.03 to about 0.25 weight percent, (v) peppermint flavored ingredient: from about 0.15 to about 0.60 weight percent, (vi) vanilla flavored ingredient: from about 0.70 to about 1.5 weight percent, (vii) cotton candy flavored ingredient: from about 0.55 to about 1.10 weight percent, (viii) glycerin: from about 5 to about 30 weight percent, (ix) monoammonium glycyrrhizinate: from about 0.35 to about 0.65 weight percent, (x) saccharin sodium: from about 0.05 to about 0.85 weight percent, (xi) acesulfame potassium: from about 0.35 to about 0.85 weight percent, and (xii) high fructose corn syrup: from about 14.5 to about 33.6 weight percent.

10. The liquid pharmaceutical composition of claim 1, wherein the one or more pharmaceutically active agents is a mixture of lopinavir and ritonavir.

11. The liquid pharmaceutical composition of claim 10 wherein components (i)-(xii) are present in the following weight percentages, based on the total weight of the pharmaceutical composition: (i) citric acid: from about 0.10 to about 0.25 weight percent, (ii) sodium citrate: not greater than about 0.25 weight percent, (iii) sodium chloride: not greater than about 0.40 weight percent, (iv) menthol flavored ingredient: from about 0.03 to about 0.25 weight percent, (v) peppermint flavored ingredient: from about 0.15 to about 0.60 weight percent, (vi) vanilla flavored ingredient: from about 0.70 to about 1.5 weight percent, (vii) cotton candy flavored ingredient: from about 0.55 to about 1.10 weight percent, (viii) glycerin: from about 5 to about 30 weight percent, (ix) monoammonium glycyrrhizinate: from about 0.5 to about 0.65 weight percent, (x) saccharin sodium: from about 0.05 to about 0.85 weight percent, (xi) acesulfame potassium: from about 0.35 to about 0.85 weight percent, and (xii) high fructose corn syrup: from about 14.5 to about 33.6 weight percent.

12. The pharmaceutical composition of claim 11, wherein (a) ritonavir is present in an amount of about 2% by weight based upon the total weight of the pharmaceutical composition; and (b) lopinavir is present in an amount of about 8% by weight based upon the total weight of the pharmaceutical composition.

13. The pharmaceutical composition of claim 11, wherein the peppermint flavored ingredient is peppermint oil in an amount of about 0.30% by weight; wherein the menthol flavored ingredient is menthol crystals in an amount of about 0.05% by weight; wherein the vanilla flavored ingredient is vanilla flavor in an amount of about 1.25% by weight; and wherein the cotton candy flavored ingredient is cotton candy flavor in an amount of about 1.00% by weight; and wherein all amounts by weight are based upon the total weight of the pharmaceutical composition.

14. The pharmaceutical composition of claim 11 wherein the ritonavir is present in an amount of between about 1.30% by weight and about 2.10% by weight based upon the weight of the pharmaceutical composition.

15. The pharmaceutical composition of claim 14, wherein the ritonavir is present in an amount of about 2% by weight based upon the weight of the pharmaceutical composition.

16. The liquid pharmaceutical composition of claim 11, wherein the lopinavir is present in an amount of between about 2.50% by weight and about 8% by weight based upon the total weight of the pharmaceutical composition.

17. The liquid pharmaceutical composition of claim 1, wherein the one or more pharmaceutically active agents comprises derivatives of lopinavir.

18. The liquid pharmaceutical composition of claim 17 wherein components (i)-(xii) are present in the following weight percentages, based on the total weight of the pharmaceutical composition: (i) citric acid: from about 0.10 to about 0.25 weight percent, (ii) sodium citrate: not greater than about 0.25 weight percent, (iii) sodium chloride: not greater than about 0.40 weight percent, (iv) menthol flavored ingredient: from about 0.03 to about 0.25 weight percent, (v) peppermint flavored ingredient: from about 0.15 to about 0.60 weight percent, (vi) vanilla flavored ingredient: from about 0.70 to about 1.5 weight percent, (vii) cotton candy flavored ingredient: from about 0.55 to about 1.10 weight percent, (viii) glycerin: from about 5 to about 30 weight percent, (ix) monoammonium glycyrrhizinate: from about 0.35 to about 0.65 weight percent, (x) saccharin sodium: from about 0.05 to about 0.85 weight percent, (xi) acesulfame potassium: from about 0.35 to about 0.85 weight percent, and (xii) high fructose corn syrup: from about 14.5 to about 33.6 weight percent.

19. The liquid pharmaceutical composition of claim 1, wherein the one or more pharmaceutically active agents comprises derivatives of ritonavir.

20. The liquid pharmaceutical composition of claim 19 wherein components (i)-(xii) are present in the following weight percentages, based on the total weight of the pharmaceutical composition: (i) citric acid: from about 0.10 to about 0.25 weight percent, (ii) sodium citrate: not greater than about 0.25 weight percent, (iii) sodium chloride: not greater than about 0.40 weight percent, (iv) menthol flavored ingredient: from about 0.03 to about 0.25 weight percent, (v) peppermint flavored ingredient: from about 0.15 to about 0.60 weight percent, (vi) vanilla flavored ingredient: from about 0.70 to about 1.5 weight percent, (vii) cotton candy flavored ingredient: from about 0.55 to about 1.10 weight percent, (viii) glycerin: from about 5 to about 30 weight percent, (ix) monoammonium glycyrrhizinate: from about 0.35 to about 0.65 weight percent, (x) saccharin sodium: from about 0.05 to about 0.85 weight percent, (xi) acesulfame potassium: from about 0.35 to about 0.85 weight percent, and (xii) high fructose corn syrup: from about 14.5 to about 33.6 weight percent.

21. The liquid pharmaceutical composition of claim 1 further comprising a thickening agent.

22. The liquid pharmaceutical composition of claim 21, wherein the thickening agent is polyvinylpyrrolidone.

23. The liquid pharmaceutical composition of claim 1 further comprising a bioavailability enhancer.

24. The liquid pharmaceutical composition of claim 23, wherein the bioavailability enhancer is a castor oil derivative.

25. The liquid pharmaceutical composition of claim 1 wherein the one or more pharmaceutically active agents comprise one or more derivatives of ritonavir and one or more derivatives of lopinavir.

26. The liquid pharmaceutical composition of claim 25 wherein components (i)-(xii) are present in the following weight percentages, based on the total weight of the pharmaceutical composition: (i) citric acid: from about 0.10 to about 0.25 weight percent, (ii) sodium citrate: not greater than about 0.25 weight percent, (iii) sodium chloride: not greater than about 0.40 weight percent, (iv) menthol flavored ingredient: from about 0.03 to about 0.25 weight percent, (v) peppermint flavored ingredient: from about 0.15 to about 0.60 weight percent, (vi) vanilla flavored ingredient: from about 0.70 to about 1.5 weight percent, (vii) cotton candy flavored ingredient: from about 0.55 to about 1.10 weight percent, (viii) glycerin: from about 5 to about 30 weight percent, (ix) monoammonium glycyrrhizinate: from about 0.35 to about 0.65 weight percent, (x) saccharin sodium: from about 0.05 to about 0.85 weight percent, (xi) acesulfame potassium: from about 0.35 to about 0.85 weight percent, and (xii) high fructose corn syrup: from about 14.5 to about 33.6 weight percent.

27. The liquid pharmaceutical composition of claim 1, wherein the one or more pharmaceutically active agent is lopinavir.

28. The liquid pharmaceutical composition of claim 27, further comprising a solvent system comprising water, alkyl alcohols, and alkylene glycols, wherein said solvent system is present in an amount of between about 32% by weight and about 69% by weight based upon the total weight of the pharmaceutical composition.

29. The liquid pharmaceutical composition of claim 27 wherein components (i)-(xii) are present in the following weight percentages, based on the total weight of the pharmaceutical composition: (i) citric acid: from about 0.10 to about 0.25 weight percent, (ii) sodium citrate: not greater than about 0.25 weight percent, (iii) sodium chloride: not greater than about 0.40 weight percent, (iv) menthol flavored ingredient: from about 0.03 to about 0.25 weight percent, (v) peppermint flavored ingredient: from about 0.15 to about 0.60 weight percent, (vi) vanilla flavored ingredient: from about 0.70 to about 1.5 weight percent, (vii) cotton candy flavored ingredient: from about 0.55 to about 1.10 weight percent, (viii) glycerin: from about 5 to about 30 weight percent, (ix) monoammonium glycyrrhizinate: from about 0.35 to about 0.65 weight percent, (x) saccharin sodium: from about 0.05 to about 0.85 weight percent, (xi) acesulfame potassium: from about 0.35 to about 0.85 weight percent, and (xii) high fructose corn syrup: from about 14.5 to about 33.6 weight percent.
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