.

Pharmaceutical Business Intelligence

  • Anticipate P&T budget requirements
  • Evaluate market entry opportunities
  • Find generic sources and suppliers
  • Predict branded drug patent expiration

► Plans and Pricing

Upgrade to enjoy subscriber-only features like email alerts and data export. See the Plans and Pricing

DrugPatentWatch Database Preview

Claims for Patent: 8,268,299

« Back to Dashboard

Claims for Patent: 8,268,299

Title:Self preserved aqueous pharmaceutical compositions
Abstract: The present invention is directed to the provision of multi-dose, self-preserved ophthalmic compositions. The compositions possess sufficient antimicrobial activity to satisfy USP preservative efficacy requirements, as well as similar preservative standards (e.g., EP and JP), without requiring the presence of conventional anti-microbial preservative agents, such as benzalkonium chloride. The compositions are effectively preserved by a balanced ionic buffer system containing zinc ions at a concentration of 0.04 to 0.9 mM, preferably 0.04 to 0.4 mM. One aspect of the balanced buffer system is limitation of the amount of buffering anions present to a concentration of 15 mM or less, preferably 5 mM or less. In a preferred embodiment, the compositions also contain borat or, most preferably, one or more borate/polyol complexes. The use of propylene glycol as the polyol in such complexes is strongly preferred. Limiting the amount of divalent metals other than zinc and the amount of ionized salts present has also been determined to be important to maximize the antimicrobial activity of the balanced buffer systems.
Inventor(s): Kabra; Bhagwati P. (Euless, TX), Chowhan; Masood A. (Arlington, TX), Schneider; L. Wayne (Crowley, TX), Han; Wesley Wehsin (Arlington, TX)
Assignee: Alcon Research, Ltd. (Fort Worth, TX)
Application Number:11/858,781
Patent Claims: 1. A multi-dose, self-preserved ophthalmic composition, comprising: zinc ions at a concentration of 0.04 to 0.4 mM; and borate and polyol, the borate being present in the composition at a concentration of 0.1 to 2.0% w/v and the polyol being present in the composition at a concentration of 0.25 to 2.5% w/v, the polyol comprising propylene glycol in the composition at a concentration of 0.25 to 1.25% w/v and sorbitol in the composition at a concentration of 0.05 to 0.5% w/v; wherein: (i) the composition has a concentration of anionic species less than 15 mM; and (ii) the composition exhibits sufficient antimicrobial activity to allow the composition to satisfy USP 27 preservative efficacy requirements.

2. A composition according to claim 1, wherein the composition has a concentration of multivalent buffering anions that is less than 5 mM.

3. A composition according to claim 1, wherein: (i) the composition has a concentration of multivalent buffering anions that is less than 5 mM; and (ii) the composition has a concentration of multivalent metal cations other than zinc that is less than 5 mM.

4. A composition according to claim 1 further comprising an effective amount of a therapeutic agent.

5. A composition according to claim 1 further comprising a therapeutic agent selected from the group consisting of bimatoprost, latanoprost, travoprost and unoprostone.

6. A composition according to claim 5 wherein the therapeutic agent comprises travoprost.

7. A composition according to claim 1 further comprising polyoxyl 40 hydrogenated castor oil wherein the composition has a pH from 5.5 to 5.9.

8. A composition according to claim 1 further comprising a non-ionic surfactant.

9. A composition according to claim 1 further comprising: an effective amount of a therapeutic agent; wherein: i. the composition has a concentration of multivalent buffering anions that is less than 5 mM; the composition has a concentration of multivalent metal cations other than zinc that is less than 5 mM; and iii. the borate is present in the composition at a concentration of 0.5 to 1.2% w/v.

10. A composition according to claim 9 wherein the therapeutic agent is selected from the group consisting of bimatoprost, latanoprost, travoprost and unoprostone.

11. A composition according to claim 9 wherein the therapeutic agent is travoprost.

12. A composition according to claim 11 further comprising polyoxyl 40 hydrogenated castor oil wherein the composition has a pH from 5.5 to 5.9.

13. A composition according to claim 9 wherein the zinc ions are provided by zinc chloride at a concentration of 0.001 to 0.005 w/v%.

14. A composition according to claim 9 wherein the propylene glycol is present in the composition at a concentration of 0.75 w/v%, the borate is boric acid and is present in the composition at a concentration of 1.0 w/v% and the zinc ions are provided by zinc chloride at a concentration of 0.0025 w/v%.

15. A composition according to claim 1 or claim 9 wherein the composition does not contain multivalent buffering anions and does not contain multivalent cations other than zinc.

16. A composition according to claim 1 wherein the concentration of anionic species in the composition is less than 10 mM.

17. A composition according to claim 1 wherein the concentration of anionic species in the composition is less than 5 mM,

18. A composition according to claim 9 wherein the concentration of anionic species in the composition is less than 10 mM.

19. A composition according to claim 9 wherein the concentration of anionic species in the composition is less than 5 MM.

20. A composition according to claim 1 wherein the composition comprises zinc ions at a concentration of 0.1 to 0.4 m.M.

21. A composition according to claim 9 wherein the composition comprises zinc ions at a concentration of 0.1 to 0.4 mM.

22. A multi-dose, self-presened ophthalmic composition, comprising: an effective amount of travoprost; zinc ions at a concentration of 0.1 to 0.4 mM wherein the zinc ions are provided by zinc chloride; borate and polyol, the borate being present as boric acid in the composition at a concentration of 0.5 to 1.2% w/v and the polyol including propylene glycol and sorbitol, the propylene glycol being present in the composition at a concentration of 0.25 to 1.25% w/v and the sorbitol being present n the composition at a concentration of 0.05 to 0.5% w/v; and water; wherein: (i) the composition has a concentration of anionic species less than 10 mM; (ii) the composition exhibits sufficient antimicrobial activity to allow the composition to satisfy USP 27 preservative efficacy requirements; and (iii) the composition does not contain multivalent buffering anions and does not contain multivalent cations other than zinc.

23. A composition according to claim 22 further comprising polyoxyl 40 hydrogenated castor oil wherein the composition has a pH from 5.5 to 5.9.

24. A composition according to claim 23 wherein the concentration of travoprost in the composition is 0.004% w/v, the concentration of zinc chloride ionized in the composition is 0.0025% w/v, the concentration of boric acid is 1.0% w/v, the concentration of propylene glycol in the composition is 0.75% w/v, the concentration of sorbitol in the composition is 0,25 w/v % and the concentration of non-ionic surfactant in the composition is 0.5 w/v%.

25. A composition according to claim 22 wherein the composition does not contain multivalent buffering anions and does not contain multivalent cations other than zinc.

26. A multi-dose, self-preserved ophthalmic composition, consisting of: an effective amount of travoprost; zinc ions at a concentration of 0.1 to 0.4 mM wherein the zinc ions are provided by zinc chloride; polyoxyl 40 hydrogenated castor oil; borate and polyol, the borate being present as boric acid in the composition at a concentration of 0.5 to 1.2% w/v and the polyol including propylene glycol and sorbitol, the propylene glycol being present in the composition at a concentration of 0.25 to 1.25% w/v and the sorbitol being present in the composition at a concentration of 0.05 to 0.5% w/v; sodium hydroxide and/or hydrochloric acid to adjust pH; and water; wherein: (i) the composition has a concentration of anionic species less than 10 mM; (ii) the composition exhibits sufficient antimicrobial activity to allow the composition to satisfy USP 27 preservative efficacy requirements; (iii) the composition does not contain multivalent buffering anions and does not contain multivalent cations other than zinc; and (iv) the composition has a pH from 5.5 to 5.9.

27. A multi-dose, self-preserved ophthalmic composition, consisting of: travoprost at a concentration of 0.004% w/v; ionized zinc chloride at a concentration of 0.0025% w/v; polyoxyl 40 hydrogenated castor oil at a concentration of 0.5% w/v; borate and polyol, the borate being present as boric acid in the composition at a concentration of 1.0% w/v and the polyol including propylene glycol and sorbitol, the propylene glycol being present in the composition at a concentration of 0.75% w/v and the sorbitol being present in the composition at a concentration of 0.25 w/v%; sodium hydroxide and/or hydrochloric acid to adjust pH; and water; Wherein: (i) the composition has a concentration of anionic species less than 5 mM; (ii) the e composition exhibits sufficient antimicrobial activity to allow the composition to satisfy USP 27 preservative efficacy requirements; (iii) the composition does not contain multivalent buffering anions and does not contain multivalent cations other than zinc; and (iv) the composition has a pH from 5.5 to 5.9.

28. A multi-dose, self-preserved ophthalmic composition, consisting of: travoprost at a concentration of 0.004% w/v; zinc chloride ionized in the composition at a concentration of 0.0025% w/v; polyoxyl 40 hydrogenated castor oil at a concentration of 0.5% w/v; and borate and polyol, the borate being present in the composition as boric acid at a concentration of 1.0% w/v and the polyol including propylene glycol and sorbitol, the propylene glycol being present in the composition at a concentration of 0.75% w/v and the sorbitol being present in the composition at a concentration of 0.25 w/v%; sodium hydroxide and/or hydrochloric acid to adjust pH; and water; wherein: (i) the composition has a concentration of anionic species less than 15 mM; and (ii) the composition exhibits sufficient antimicrobial activity to allow the composition to satisfy USP 27 preservative efficacy requirements.
« Back to Dashboard

For more information try a trial or see the database preview and plans and pricing

Drugs may be covered by multiple patents or regulatory protections. All trademarks and applicant names are the property of their respective owners or licensors. Although great care is taken in the proper and correct provision of this service, thinkBiotech LLC does not accept any responsibility for possible consequences of errors or omissions in the provided data. The data presented herein is for information purposes only. There is no warranty that the data contained herein is error free. thinkBiotech performs no independent verifification of facts as provided by public sources nor are attempts made to provide legal or investing advice. Any reliance on data provided herein is done solely at the discretion of the user. Users of this service are advised to seek professional advice and independent confirmation before considering acting on any of the provided information. thinkBiotech LLC reserves the right to amend, extend or withdraw any part or all of the offered service without notice.

`abc