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Claims for Patent: 8,222,219

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Claims for Patent: 8,222,219

Title:Glucopyranoside compound
Abstract: A compound of the formula: ##STR00001## wherein Ring A and Ring B are: (1) Ring A is an optionally substituted unsaturated monocyclic heterocyclic ring, and Ring B is an optionally substituted unsaturated monocyclic heterocyclic ring, an optionally substituted unsaturated fused heterobicyclic ring, or an optionally substituted benzene ring, (2) Ring A is an optionally substituted benzene ring, and Ring B is an optionally substituted unsaturated monocyclic heterocyclic ring or an optionally substituted unsaturated fused heterobicyclic ring, or (3) Ring A is an optionally substituted unsaturated fused heterobicyclic ring, and Ring B are independently an optionally substituted unsaturated monocyclic heterocyclic ring, an optionally substituted unsaturated fused heterobicyclic ring, or an optionally substituted benzene ring; X is a carbon atom or a nitrogen atom; Y is --(CH.sub.2).sub.n-- (n is 1 or 2); or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, or a prodrug thereof.
Inventor(s): Nomura; Sumihiro (Kawaguchi, JP), Kawanishi; Eiji (Kitamoto, JP), Ueta; Kiichiro (Wako, JP)
Assignee: Mitsubishi Tanabe Pharma Corporation (Osaka, JP)
Application Number:13/174,814
Patent Claims: 1. A method for treating or delaying the progression or onset of a disease selected from diabetes mellitus, diabetic retinopathy, diabetic neuropathy, diabetic nephropathy, delayed wound healing, insulin resistance, hyperglycemia, hyperinsulinemia, elevated blood levels of fatty acids, elevated blood levels of glycerol, hyperlipidemia, obesity, hypertriglyceridemia, Syndrome X, diabetic complications, atherosclerosis, and hypertension, which comprises administering to a mammalian species in need of treatment a therapeutically effective amount of a compound of Formula (I): ##STR00401## wherein Ring A is ##STR00402## wherein R.sup.1a, R.sup.2a, R.sup.3a, R.sup.1b, R.sup.2b, and R.sup.3b are each independently a hydrogen atom, a halogen atom, a hydroxy group, an alkoxy group, an alkyl group, a haloalkyl group, a haloalkoxy group, a hydroxyalkyl group, an alkoxyalkyl group, an alkoxyalkoxy group, an alkenyl group, an alkynyl group, a cycloalkyl group, a cycloalkylidenemethyl group, a cycloalkenyl group, a cycloalkyloxy group, a phenyl group, a phenylalkoxy group, a cyano group, a nitro group, an amino group, a mono- or di-alkylamino group, an alkanoylamino group, a carboxyl group, an alkoxycarbonyl group, a carbamoyl group, a mono- or di-alkylcarbamoyl group, an alkanoyl group, an alkylsulfonylamino group, a phenylsulfonylamino group, an alkylsulfinyl group, an alkylsulfonyl group, or a phenylsulfonyl group, and Ring B is ##STR00403## wherein R.sup.4a is a phenyl group substituted by a halogen atom, a cyano group, an alkyl group, a haloalkyl group, an alkoxy group, a haloalkoxy group, an alkylenedioxy group, an alkyleneoxy group, a mono- or di-alkylamino group; or a heterocyclyl group substituted by a halogen atom, a cyano group, an alkyl group, a haloalkyl group, an alkoxy group, or a haloalkoxy group, where the heterocyclyl group is a thienyl group, a pyridyl group, a pyrimidinyl group, a pyrazinyl group, pyrazolyl group, a thiazolyl group, a quinolyl group, or a tetrazolyl group; R.sup.5a is a hydrogen atom; X is a carbon atom; and Y is --(CH.sub.2).sub.n-- (wherein n is 1 or 2); or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.

2. The method according to claim 1, wherein R.sup.1a, R.sup.2a, R.sup.3a, R.sup.1b, R.sup.2b and R.sup.3b are each independently a hydrogen atom, a halogen atom, a lower alkyl group, a halo-lower alkyl group, a lower alkoxy group, or a phenyl group; R.sup.4a is a phenyl group substituted by a halogen atom, a cyano group, a lower alkyl group, a halo-lower alkyl group, a lower alkoxy group, a halo-lower alkoxy group, a methylenedioxy group, an ethyleneoxy group, a mono- or di-lower alkylamino group; or a heterocyclyl group substituted by a halogen atom, a cyano group, a lower alkyl group, or a lower alkoxy group.

3. The method according to claim 2, wherein Ring A is ##STR00404## wherein R.sup.1a is a halogen atom, a lower alkyl group, or a lower alkoxy group, and R.sup.2a and R.sup.3a are hydrogen atoms; R.sup.4a is a phenyl group substituted by a substituent selected from the group consisting of a halogen atom, a cyano group, a lower alkyl group, a halo-lower alkyl group, a lower alkoxy group, a halo-lower alkoxy group, and a mono- or di-lower alkylamino group; or a heterocyclyl group substituted by a halogen atom, a cyano group, a lower alkyl group, or a lower alkoxy group, and Y is --CH.sub.2--.

4. The method according to claim 1, wherein the compound is 1-(.beta.-D-glucopyranosyl)-4-chloro-3-[5-(3-cyanophenyl)-2-thienylmethyl- ]benzene, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.

5. The method according to claim 1, wherein the compound is represented by the following formula: ##STR00405## wherein R.sup.A is a halogen atom, or a lower alkyl group; and Ring C is a phenyl group substituted by 1-3 substituents selected from the group consisting of a halogen atom, a cyano group, a lower alkyl group, a halo-lower alkyl group, a lower alkoxy group, a halo-lower alkoxy group, a methylenedioxy group, an ethyleneoxy group, and a mono- or di-lower alkylamino group; or a heterocyclyl group substituted by 1-3 substituents selected from the group consisting of a halogen atom, a cyano group, a lower alkyl group, a halo-lower alkyl group, a lower alkoxy group, and a halo-lower alkoxy group; where the heterocyclyl group is a thienyl group, a pyridyl group, a pyrimidinyl group, a pyrazinyl group, pyrazolyl group, a thiazolyl group, a quinolyl group, or a tetrazolyl group; or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.

6. The method according to claim 5, wherein Ring C is a phenyl group substituted by 1-3 substituents selected from the group consisting of a halogen atom, a cyano group, a lower alkyl group, a halo-lower alkyl group, a lower alkoxy group, a halo-lower alkoxy group, and a mono- or di-lower alkylamino group; or a heterocyclyl group substituted by a substituent selected from the group consisting of a halogen atom, a cyano group, a lower alkyl group, a halo-lower alkyl group, a lower alkoxy group, and a halo-lower alkoxy group.

7. The method according to claim 5, wherein Ring C is a phenyl group substituted by a halogen atom, a cyano group, a lower alkyl group, a halo-lower alkyl group, a lower alkoxy group, or a halo-lower alkoxy group; or a heterocyclyl group substituted by a halogen atom, a cyano group, a lower alkyl group, or a lower alkoxy group.

8. The method according to claim 5, wherein Ring C is a phenyl group substituted by a halogen atom or a cyano group, or a pyridyl group substituted by a halogen atom.

9. The method according to claim 1, wherein the compound is selected from the group consisting of: 1-(.beta.-D-glucopyranosyl)-4-methyl-3-[5-(4-fluorophenyl)-2-thienylmethy- l]benzene; 1-(.beta.-D-glucopyranosyl)-4-chloro-3-[5-(3-cyanophenyl)-2-thi- enylmethyl]benzene; 1-(.beta.-D-glucopyranosyl)-4-chloro-3-[5-(4-cyanophenyl)-2-thienylmethyl- ]benzene; 1-(.beta.-D-glucopyranosyl)-4-methyl-3-[5-(6-fluoro-2-pyridyl)-2- -thienylmethyl]benzene; 1-(.beta.-D-glucopyranosyl)-4-chloro-3-[5-(6-fluoro-2-pyridyl)-2-thienylm- ethyl]benzene; 1-(.beta.-D-glucopyranosyl)-4-methyl-3-[5-(3-difluoromethylphenyl)-2-thie- nylmethyl]benzene; 1-(.beta.-D-glucopyranosyl)-4-methyl-3-[5-(3-cyanophenyl)-2-thienylmethyl- ]benzene; 1-(.beta.-D-glucopyranosyl)-4-methyl-3-[5-(4-cyanophenyl)-2-thie- nylmethyl]benzene; and 1-(.beta.-D-glucopyranosyl)-4-chloro-3-[5-(6-fluoro-3-pyridyl)-2-thienylm- ethyl]benzene; or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.

10. The method according to claim 1, wherein the compound is 1-(.beta.-D-glucopyranosyl)-4-methyl-3-[5-(3-cyanophenyl)-2-thienylmethyl- ]benzene, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.

11. The method according to claim 1, wherein the compound is 1-(.beta.-D-glucopyranosyl)-4-methyl-3-[5-(4-cyanophenyl)-2-thienylmethyl- ]benzene, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.

12. The method according to claim 1, wherein the compound is 1-(.beta.-D-glucopyranosyl)-4-methyl-3-[5-(4-fluorophenyl)-2-thienylmethy- l]benzene, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.

13. The method according to claim 4, wherein R.sup.4a is a phenyl group substituted by a halogen atom, a cyano group, a lower alkyl group, a halo-lower alkyl group, a lower alkoxy group, or a halo-lower alkoxy group; or a heterocyclyl group substituted by a halogen atom, a cyano group, a lower alkyl group, or a lower alkoxy group.

14. The method according to claim 1, wherein the compound is 1-(.beta.-D-glucopyranosyl)-4-methyl-3-[5-(6-fluoro-2-pyridyl)-2-thienylm- ethyl]benzene, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.

15. The method according to claim 1, wherein the compound is 1-(.beta.-D-glucopyranosyl)-4-chloro-3-[5-(6-fluoro-2-pyridyl)-2-thienylm- ethyl]benzene, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.

16. The method according to claim 1, wherein the compound is 1-(.beta.-D-glucopyranosyl)-4-chloro-3-[5-(6-fluoro-3-pyridyl)-2-thienylm- ethyl]benzene, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.

17. The method according to claim 1, wherein the disease is type 1 or type 2 diabetes mellitus.

18. The method according to claim 17, which further comprises administering to a mammalian species in need of treatment another antidiabetic agent, an agent for treating diabetic complications, an anti-obesity agent, an antihypertensive agent, an antiplatelet agent, an anti-atherosclerotic agent and/or a hypolipidemic agent.

19. The method according to claim 18, wherein said antidiabetic agent is at least one selected from the group consisting of insulin, insulin secretagogue, insulin sensitizers, biguanide compounds, sulfonylurea compounds, .alpha.-glucosidase inhibitors, PPAR.gamma. agonists, PPAR.alpha./.gamma. dual agonists, dipeptidyl peptidase IV inhibitors, mitiglinide compounds, nateglinide compounds, glucagon-like peptide-1, PTP1B inhibitors, glycogen phosphorylase inhibitors, RXR modulators, and glucose 6-phosphatase inhibitors.

20. A method for treating or delaying the progression or onset of a disease selected from diabetes mellitus, diabetic retinopathy, diabetic neuropathy, diabetic nephropathy, delayed wound healing, insulin resistance, hyperglycemia, hyperinsulinemia, elevated blood levels of fatty acids, elevated blood levels of glycerol, hyperlipidemia, obesity, hypertriglyceridemia, Syndrome X, diabetic complications, atherosclerosis, and hypertension, which comprises administering to a mammalian species in need of treatment a therapeutically effective amount of a compound having the following structure: ##STR00406##

21. The method according to claim 20, wherein the disease is diabetes mellitus.

22. The method according to claim 21, wherein the disease is type 2 diabetes mellitus.

23. The method according to claim 20, wherein the disease is obesity.

24. The method according to claim 20, which further comprises administering another antidiabetic agent.

25. The method according to claim 24, wherein said antidiabetic agent is at least one selected from the group consisting of insulin, insulin secretagogue, insulin sensitizers, biguanide compounds, sulfonylurea compounds, .alpha.-glucosidase inhibitors, PPAR.gamma. agonists, PPAR.alpha./.gamma. dual agonists, dipeptidyl peptidase IV inhibitors, mitiglinide compounds, nateglinide compounds, glucagon-like peptide-1, PTP1B inhibitors, glycogen phosphorylase inhibitors, RXR modulators, and glucose 6-phosphatase inhibitors.
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