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Claims for Patent: 8,143,241

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Claims for Patent: 8,143,241

Title:DNA damage repair inhibitors for treatment of cancer
Abstract: The present invention relates to the recognition that inhibition of the base excision repair pathway is selectively lethal in cells which are deficient in HR dependent DNA DSB repair. Methods and means relating to the treatment of cancers which are deficient in HR dependent DNA DSB repair using inhibitors which target base excision repair components, such as PARP, is provided herein.
Inventor(s): Ashworth; Alan (London, GB), Jackson; Stephen (Cambridge, GB), Martin; Niall (Cambridge, GB), Smith; Graeme (Cambridge, GB), O'Connor; Mark (Cambridge, GB)
Assignee: Kudos Pharmaceuticals Limited (Cambridge, GB) The Institute of Cancer Research (London, GB)
Application Number:11/245,735
Patent Claims: 1. A method of treatment of cancer in an individual comprising; administering a poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARR) inhibitor to said individual, wherein said cancer is has previously been identified as a cancer which is deficient in a homologous recombination (HR) dependent deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) double strand break (DSB) repair pathway.

2. The method of claim 1 wherein said cancer comprises one or more cancer cells having a reduced or abrogated ability to repair DNA DSB by HR.

3. The method of claim 2 wherein said cancer cells are deficient in breast cancer 1 (BRCA1) or breast cancer 2 (BRCA2).

4. The method of claim 3 wherein said cancer cells are homozygous for a mutation in BRCA1 or BRCA2.

5. The method of claim 2 wherein said cancer cells have phenotype selected from the group consisting of: an ataxia telangiectasia mutated (ATM) deficient phenotype, an ataxia telangiectasia and Rad3 related (ATR) deficient phenotype, an CHK1 checkpoint homolog (S. pombe) (CHK1) deficient phenotype, an CHK2 checkpoint homolog (S. pombe) (CHK2) deficient phenotype, an RAD51 homoiog (RecA homolog, E. coli) (S. cerevisiae) (Rad51) deficient phenotype, an replication protein A (RPA) deficient phenotype and an X-ray repair complementing defective repair in Chinese hamster cells 3 (XRCC3) deficient phenotype.

6. The method of claim 5 wherein said cancer cells are deficient in a gene selected from the group consisting of: ATM, ATR, CHK1, CHK2, Rad51, RPA and XRCC3.

7. The method of claim 6 wherein said cancer cells are homozygous for a mutation in a gene selected from the group consisting of: ATM, ATR, CHK1, CHK2, Rad51, RPA and XRCC3.

8. The method of claim 1 wherein said cancer cells are deficient in a gene selected from the group consisting of: Fanconi anemia, complementation group A (FANCA), Fanconi anemia, complementation group (FANCC), Fanconi anemia, complementation group D2 (FANCD2), Fanconi anemia, complementation group F (FANCF), Fanconi anemia, complementation group G (FANCG) and Fanconi anemia, complementation group M (FANCM).

9. The method of claim 8 wherein said cancer cells are homozygous for a mutation in a gene selected from the group consisting of: FANCA, FANCC, FANCD2, FANCF, FANCG and FANCM.

10. The method of claim 1 wherein said cancer is identified as a HR dependent DNA DSB repair deficient cancer by determining the HR dependent DNA DSB repair activity of cancer cells from the individual relative to normal cells.

11. The method of claim 1 wherein said cancer is identified as an HR dependent DSB repair deficient cancer by determining the presence in cancer cells from the individual of one or more mutations or polymorphisms in a nucleic acid sequence encoding a component of the HR dependent DNA DSB repair pathway.

12. The method of claim 1 wherein said individual is heterozygous for a mutation in a gene encoding a component of the HR dependent DNA DSB repair pathway.

13. The method of claim 12 wherein said individual is heterozygous for a mutation in ATM, ATR, CHK1, CHK2, Rad51, RPA, XRCC3, BRCA1 and/or BRCA2.

14. The method of claim 1 wherein said PARP inhibitor is selected from the group consisting of nicotinamides, benzamides, isoquinolinones, dihydroisoquinolinones, benzimidazoles, indoles, phthalazin-1(2H)-ones, quinazolinones, isoindolinones, phenanthridines, benzopyrones, unsaturated hydroximic acid derivatives, caffeine, theophylline, and thymidine.

15. The method of claim 14 wherein said PARP inhibitor is a phthalazin-1(2H)-one.

16. A method of treating cancer comprising administering an inhibitor of HR dependent DNA DSB repair and a PARP inhibitor to an individual in need thereof.

17. The method of claim 16 wherein the PARP inhibitor inhibits PARP activity.

18. The method of claim 17 wherein the inhibitor of HR dependent DNA DSB repair inhibits ATM.

19. The method of claim 2 wherein said one or more cancer cells have a reduced or abrogated ability to repair DNA DSB by HR relative to normal cells.
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