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Claims for Patent: 7,749,194

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Claims for Patent: 7,749,194

Title:Devices, systems, and methods for medicament delivery
Abstract: Certain exemplary embodiments comprise can comprise an auto-injector, which can comprise: a vial configured to store and/or contain an injectable medicament, the vial defining a vial longitudinal axis, and a housing comprising the vial. In various embodiments, the injectable medicament can be a medicine, medication, drug, pharmaceutical, prescriptive, agent, antidote, anti-venom, hormone, stimulant, vasodilator, anesthetic, and/or nutritional supplement that is substantially ready for injection.
Inventor(s): Edwards; Evan T. (Richmond, VA), Edwards; Eric S. (Richmond, VA), Licata; Mark J. (Doswell, VA)
Assignee: Intelliject, Inc. (Richmond, VA)
Application Number:10/572,148
Patent Claims: 1. An auto-injector, comprising: a housing; a vial disposed within the housing, the vial configured to store an injectable medicament, said vial defining a vial longitudinal axis; a non-electronic force initiator configured to produce a force to inject the injectable medicament, the non-electronic force initiator configured to be actuated without input from any electronic device associated with the auto-injector, the non-electronic force initiator defining a force initiator longitudinal axis located non-co-axially with the vial longitudinal axis; and an electronic output device coupled to said housing and configured to output an electronic indication associated with at least one of an instruction for using the auto-injector, a replacement status of the auto-injector, a delay time associated with an injection event, a status of a safety guard, a position of the auto-injector, an orientation of the auto-injector, a location of the auto-injector, a duration of the injection event, a status of the injection event, an error associated with the injection event, and a post-use instruction associated with the auto-injector.

2. The auto-injector of claim 1, wherein the electronic output device is configured to output the electronic indication in response to a sensor input.

3. The auto-injector of claim 1, wherein the electronic output device is configured to output the electronic indication in response to a user input.

4. The auto-injector of claim 1, wherein the electronic output device is configured to output the electronic indication in response to a determination of a hazardous condition.

5. The auto-injector of claim 1, wherein the electronic indication includes at least one of a visual output, an audible output, a recorded speech output or a haptic output.

6. The auto-injector of claim 1, wherein said electronic output device includes at least one of a speaker, a display, a light emitting diode, a vibrator and a heater.

7. The auto-injector of claim 1, wherein the electronic output device includes: a microprocessor configured to produce a signal associated with the electronic indication; and a sensor in electronic communication with the microprocessor, the microprocessor configured to produce the signal in response to an input received from the sensor.

8. The auto-injector of claim 1, wherein the electronic output device includes a switch, the output device configured to output the electronic indication when the switch is moved from a first switch state to a second switch state.

9. The auto-injector of claim 1, further comprising a piston adapted to move within said vial.

10. The auto-injector of claim 1, wherein the non-electronic force initiator includes a gas container.

11. The auto-injector of claim 1, wherein the housing defines a channel adapted to convey the at least a portion of the medicament from said vial to a needle.

12. The auto-injector of claim 1, wherein said injectable medicament is a liquid.

13. The auto-injector of claim 1, wherein said injectable medicament is a mixture of a liquid and a solid.

14. The auto-injector of claim 1, further comprising a spring adapted to retract a needle fluidly coupled to said vial.

15. The auto-injector of claim 1, further comprising a releasable actuation lock adapted to prevent accidental activation of said auto-injector.

16. An apparatus, comprising: a medicament delivery device configured to deliver a medicament into a body, the medicament delivery device including: a housing; a medicament container disposed within the housing, the medicament container configured to contain the medicament; a delivery mechanism configured to produce a force to deliver the medicament into the body; a safety lock configured to engage a portion of the delivery mechanism to prevent actuation of the delivery mechanism; and an electronic circuit system configured to be coupled to the housing, the electronic circuit system configured to output a plurality of recorded speech instructions, the electronic circuit system including a first switch and a second switch, the first switch operably coupled to the safety lock such that the safety lock actuates the first switch when the safety lock is moved, the second switch operably coupled to a portion of the delivery mechanism such that the portion of the delivery mechanism actuates the second switch when the delivery mechanism is actuated, the electronic circuit system configured to output a first recorded speech instruction from the plurality of recorded speech instructions when the first switch is actuated, the electronic circuit system configured to output a second recorded speech instruction from the plurality of recorded speech instructions when the second switch is actuated.

17. The apparatus of claim 16, wherein the plurality of recorded speech instructions is output in a predetermined sequence.

18. The apparatus of claim 16, wherein the plurality of recorded speech instructions is output in a sequence determined based on input received from any one of the first switch, the second switch, a sensor or a timer.

19. The apparatus of claim 16, wherein: the medicament delivery device includes an actuator configured to actuate the delivery mechanism; the electronic circuit system includes a light output device adjacent the actuator, the electronic circuit system configured to produce a light output via the light output device when the first switch is actuated; and the first recorded speech instruction identifies a location of the actuator.

20. The apparatus of claim 16, wherein the plurality of recorded speech instructions includes an instruction associated with positioning the medicament delivery device adjacent the body.

21. The apparatus of claim 16, wherein the plurality of recorded speech instructions includes an instruction associated with actuation of the medicament delivery device.

22. The apparatus of claim 16, wherein the electronic circuit system includes at least one of a processor, a memory component, a sensor, a switch or a battery.

23. The apparatus of claim 16, wherein the electronic circuit system includes at least one of a speaker, a light-emitting diode, a liquid crystal display, an organic polymer display, a fiber optic display, a vibrator, a heater, a cooler or a piezo-electric transducer.

24. The apparatus of claim 16, wherein: the medicament delivery device further includes a label configured to be coupled to the housing; and at least a portion of the electronic circuit system is incorporated into the label.

25. The apparatus of claim 16, wherein the plurality of recorded speech instructions is a first plurality of recorded speech instructions; and the electronic circuit system is further configured to output a second plurality of recorded speech instructions associated with an event subsequent to the use of the medicament delivery device.

26. The apparatus of claim 16, wherein the medicament delivery device includes a needle coupled to the medicament container.

27. The apparatus of claim 16, wherein the medicament delivery device is configured to automatically inject the medicament into the body.

28. The apparatus of claim 16, wherein the delivery mechanism includes a non-electronic energy storage member configured to produce the force when actuated.
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