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Claims for Patent: 7,569,230

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Claims for Patent: 7,569,230

Title:Stabilized formulations of alpha adrenergic receptor antagonists and the uses thereof
Abstract:The present invention provides compositions and stable liquid formulations comprising alpha adrenergic receptor antagonists and use thereof for increasing blood flow. In one embodiment, the stable liquid formulations of this invention are useful for reversing the effects of an anesthetic agent, preferably a long-lasting local anesthetic agent administered in conjunction with an alpha adrenergic receptor agonist.
Inventor(s): Chen; Andrew X (San Diego, CA), Knowles; Julius (Del Mar, CA), Weber; Eckard (San Diego, CA)
Assignee: Novalar Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (San Diego, CA)
Application Number:11/611,504
Patent Claims: 1. A method for increasing blood flow in a mammal comprising administering a stable liquid formulation to said mammal, wherein said stable liquid formulation consists essentially of: (a) a low dose of an alpha adrenergic receptor antagonist, a buffer for maintaining pH, an aqueous solvent, a metal chelator, optionally a tonicity modifier, optionally an antioxidant, and optionally a complexing agent, wherein said formulation has a pH of from about 2.0 to about 6.0; or (b) an alpha adrenergic receptor antagonist, a buffer for maintaining pH, an aqueous solvent, a metal chelator, optionally a tonicity modifier, optionally an antioxidant, and optionally a complexing agent, wherein said formulation has a pH of from about 2.0 to about 6.0, and wherein said stable liquid formulation is present in a dental cartridge or a pre-filled sterile syringe.

2. The method according to claim 1, wherein said administering a stable liquid formulation counteracts a prior administration to said mammal of an alpha adrenergic receptor agonist.

3. The method according to claim 1, wherein said administering a stable liquid formulation reverses anesthesia caused by prior administration of an anesthetic.

4. The method according to claim 3, wherein said anesthetic was administered with an alpha adrenergic receptor agonist either as a single dosage form or as a separate dosage form.

5. The method according to claim 3, wherein said method is to reverse prolongation of local anesthesia administered as part of a dental procedure.

6. A method according to claim 1, wherein said method is to enhance tissue graft survival, reduce dermal necrosis, decrease dry socket in a mammal undergoing tooth extraction, reduce post-operative pain, reduce muscle spasms, enhance the survival of an injured or diseased tooth, treat a trigger point, reduce the prolongation of a regional anesthetic block or treat periodontal disease.

7. The method according to claim 6, wherein said method is to enhance tissue graft survival and wherein said method further comprises administering hyaluronidase, wherein said hyaluronidase is administered following said tissue graft.

8. The method according to claim 6, wherein said tissue graft is selected from a hair graft, a dental implant or a hair flap.

9. The method according to claim 6, wherein said method is to reduce the prolongation of a regional anesthetic block and comprises administration into the epidural space of said mammal.

10. The method according to claim 6, wherein said method is to treat a periodontal disease and comprises administration as an irrigant for a periodontal pocket.

11. The method according to claim 1, wherein said alpha adrenergic receptor antagonist is selected from the group consisting of phentolamine, phentolamine hydrochloride, phentolamine mesylate, tolazoline, yohimbine, rauwolscine, doxazosine, labetalol, prazosine, tetrazosine, trimazosine, and pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof.

12. The method according to claim 11, wherein said alpha adrenergic receptor antagonist is phentolamine mesylate.

13. The method according to claim 1, wherein said alpha adrenergic receptor antagonist is present at a concentration of between about 0.01 mg/ml and about 10 mg/ml.

14. The method according to claim 13, wherein said alpha adrenergic receptor antagonist is present at a concentration of between about 0.1 mg/ml and about 0.25 mg/ml.

15. The method according to claim 14, wherein said alpha adrenergic receptor antagonist is phentolamine mesylate.

16. The method according to claim 1, wherein said aqueous solvent is water.

17. The method according to claim 1, wherein said metal chelator is selected from the group consisting of diammonium ethylenediamine triacetate, hydroxyethyl-ethylenediamine triacetic acid, diethylenetriamine pentaacetic acid, nitriloacetic acid, citric acid, and EDTA.

18. The method according to claim 17, wherein said metal chelator is EDTA present at a concentration of between about 0.5 and about 1.0 mg/ml.

19. The method according to claim 18, wherein said alpha adrenergic receptor antagonist is phentolamine mesylate.

20. The method according to claim 1, wherein the pH of said formulation is between about 3.5 and about 4.5.

21. The method according to claim 1, wherein said pH is achieved with a 10 to 50 mM acetate buffer, or with methanesulfonic acid.

22. The method according to claim 21, wherein said alpha adrenergic receptor antagonist is phentolamine mesylate.

23. The method according to claim 1, wherein said stable liquid formulation contains a tonicity modifier.

24. The method according to claim 23, wherein said tonicity modifier is selected from the group consisting of NaCl, d-mannitol, and dextrose.

25. The method according to claim 24, wherein said tonicity modifier is d-mannitol present at a concentration of between about 4 and about 5% (w/v).

26. The method of claim 25, wherein said alpha adrenergic receptor antagonist is phentolamine mesylate.

27. The method according to claim 1, wherein said stable liquid formulation contains an antioxidant in an amount sufficient to prevent oxidization of said alpha adrenergic receptor antagonist.

28. The method according to claim 27, wherein said antioxidant is selected from the group consisting of ascorbic acid, sodium metabisulfite, butylated hydroxyanisole, and butylated hydroxytoluene.

29. The method of claim 28, wherein said alpha adrenergic receptor antagonist is phentolamine mesylate.

30. The method according to claim 1, wherein said stable liquid formulation contains a complexing agent.

31. The method according to claim 30, wherein said complexing agent is selected from the group consisting of .alpha.-cyclodextrin, and niacinamide.

32. The method according to claim 31, wherein said alpha adrenergic receptor antagonist is phentolamine mesylate.

33. The method according to claim 1, wherein said alpha adrenergic receptor antagonist is 0.235 mg/ml phentolamine mesylate, said metal chelator is 0.5 mg/ml EDTA, said tonicity modifier is 5% d-mannitol, and said buffer is 16.6 mM acetate buffer, wherein said formulation has a pH of 3.8 to 4.2.
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