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Claims for Patent: 7,101,576

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Claims for Patent: 7,101,576

Title:Nanoparticulate megestrol formulations
Abstract:The present invention is directed to nanoparticulate compositions comprising megestrol. The megestrol particles of the composition have an effective average particle size of less than about 2000 nm.
Inventor(s): Hovey; Douglas (Trooper, PA), Pruitt; John (Collegeville, PA), Ryde; Tuula (Malvern, PA)
Assignee: Elan Pharma International Limited (Dublin, IE)
Application Number:10/412,669
Patent Claims: 1. A method of increasing the body mass in a human patient suffering from anorexia, cachexia, or loss of body mass, comprising administering to the human patient a megestrol formulation, wherein: (a) the megestrol acetate formulation is a dose of about 40 mg to about 800 mg in about a 5 mL dose of an oral suspension; (b) the megestrol acetate formulation comprises megestrol particles having an effective average particle size of less than about 2000 nm, and at least one surface stabilizer associated with the surface of the megestrol particles; and (c) the administration is once daily; wherein after a single administration in a human subject of the formulation there is no substantial difference in the C.sub.max of megestrol when the formulation is administered to the subject in a fed versus a fasted state, wherein fasted state is defined as the subject having no food within at least the previous 10 hours, and wherein fed state is defined as the subject having a high-calorie meal within approximately 30 minutes of dosing.

2. The method of claim 1, wherein the anorexia, cachexia or loss of body mass is associated with a diagnosis of HIV or AIDS in the human patient.

3. The method of claim 1, wherein the anorexia, cachexia or loss of body mass is associated with a diagnosis of cancer in the human patient.

4. A method of increasing the body mass in a human patient suffering from anorexia, cachexia, or loss of body mass, comprising administering to the human patient a megestrol formulation, wherein: (a) the megestrol acetate formulation is a dose of about 40 mg to about 800 mg in about a 5 mL dose of an oral suspension; (b) the megestrol acetate formulation comprises megestrol particles having an effective average particle size of less than about 2000 nm, and at least one surface stabilizer associated with the surface of the megestrol particles; and (c) the administration is once daily; wherein after a single administration in a human subject of the formulation the difference in the C.sub.max of the megestrol when administered in a fed versus a fasted state is selected from the group consisting of less than about 100%, less than about 90%, less than about 80%, less than about 70%, less than about 60%, less than about 50%, less than about 40%, less than about 30%, less than about 25%, less than about 20%, less than about 15%, less than about 10%, less than about 5%, and less than about 3%, wherein fasted state is defined as the subject having no food within at least the previous 10 hours, and wherein fed state is defined as the subject having a high-calorie meal within approximately 30 minutes of dosing.

5. The method of claim 4, wherein the difference in C.sub.max is less than about 60%.

6. The method of claim 1, wherein there is a difference in the mean T.sub.max for the nanoparticulate megestrol composition when administered in fed versus fasted states, and that difference is selected from the group consisting of less than about 100%, less than about 90%, less than about 80%, less than about 70%, less than about 60%, less than about 50%, less than about 40%, less than about 30%, less than about 20%, less than about 15%, less than about 10%, less than about 5%, and less than about 3%.

7. The method of claim 1, wherein formulation exhibits a mean C.sub.max selected from the group consisting of greater than about 5%, greater than about 10%, greater than about 15%, greater than about 20%, greater than about 30%, greater than about 40%, greater than about 50%, greater than about 60%, greater than about 70%, greater than about 80%, greater than about 90%, greater than about 100%, greater than about 110%, greater than about 120%, greater than about 130% greater than about 140%, and greater than about 150%, than the mean C.sub.max exhibited by a standard commercial, non-nanoparticulate composition of megestrol, administered at the same dosage.

8. The method of claim 1, wherein there is a difference in absorption (AUC) when the composition is administered in fed versus fasted states, and the difference is selected from the group consisting of less than about 35%, less than about 30%, less than about 25%, less than about 20%, less than about 15%, less than about 10%, less than about 5%, and less than about 3%.

9. The method of claim 1, wherein the anorexia, cachexia or loss of body mass is associated with cancer.

10. The method of claim 1, wherein the anorexia, cachexia or loss of body mass is associated with HIV or AIDS.

11. The method of claim 1, wherein a maximum blood plasma concentration of megestrol is attained in about 1 hour or less after administration of the megestrol formulation in fasting subjects.

12. The method of claim 1, wherein a maximum blood plasma concentration of megestrol of at least about 700 ng/ml is obtained.

13. The method of claim 12, wherein the maximum blood plasma concentration of megestrol is at least about 700 ng/ml and is attained in less than 5 hours after administration of the megestrol formulation.

14. The method of claim 1, wherein the maximum blood plasma concentration of megestrol is at least about 400 ng/ml and is attained in less than 5 hours after administration of the megestrol formulation.

15. The method of claim 1, wherein a mean C.sub.max of about 300 ng/ml to about 2000 ng/ml is obtained after a single administration of the formulation in the human subject in a fasted state.

16. The method of claim 1, wherein the surface stabilizer is selected from the group consisting of nonionic, cationic, ionic, and zwitterionic surfactants.

17. The method of claim 1, wherein the surface stabilizer is selected from the group consisting of hydroxypropyl methylcellulose, hydroxypropylcellulose, polyvinylpyrrolidone, sodium lauryl sulfate, dioctylsulfosuccinate, gelatin, casein, lecithin, dextran, gum acacia, cholesterol, tragacanth, stearic acid, benzalkonium chloride, calcium stearate, glycerol monostearate, cetostearyl alcohol, cetomacrogol emulsifying wax, sorbitan esters, polyoxyethylene alkyl ethers, polyoxyethylene castor oil derivatives, polyoxyethylene sorbitan fatty acid esters, polyethylene glycols, polyoxyethylene stearates, colloidal silicon dioxide, phosphates, carboxymethylcellulose calcium, carboxymethylcellulose sodium, methylcellulose, hydroxyethylcellulose, hydroxypropylmethylcellulose phthalate, noncrystalline cellulose, magnesium aluminium silicate, triethanolamine, polyvinyl alcohol (PVA), 4-(1,1,3,3-tetramethylbutyl)-phenol polymer with ethylene oxide and formaldehyde, poloxamers, poloxamines, Tetronic 1508, (tetrafunctional block copolymer derived from the addition of propylene oxide and ethylene oxide to ethylenediamine having an average molecular weight of 30,000) alkyl aryl polyether sulfonate, mixture of sucrose stearate and sucrose distearate, p-isononylphenoxypoly-(glycidol), C.sub.18H.sub.37CH.sub.2(CON(CH.sub.3)--CH.sub.2(CHOH).sub.4(CH.sub.2OH).- sub.2, decanoyl-N-methylglucamide; n-decyl .beta.-D-glucopyranoside; n-decyl .beta.-D-maltopyranoside; n-dodecyl .beta.-D-glucopyranoside; n-dodecyl .beta.-D-maltoside; heptanoyl-N-methylglucamide; n-heptyl-.beta.-D-glucopyranoside; n-heptyl .beta.-D-thioglucoside; n-hexyl .beta.-D-glucopyranoside; nonanoyl-N-methylglucamide; n-noyl .beta.-D-glucopyranoside; octanoyl-N-methylglucamide; n-octyl-.beta.-D-glucopyranoside; octyl .beta.-D-thioglucopyranoside; PEG-phospholipid, PEG-cholesterol, PEG-cholesterol derivative, PEG-vitamin A, PEG-vitamin E, lysozyme, random copolymers of vinyl pyrrolidone and vinyl acetate, biopolymers, polysaccharides, cellulosics, alginates, phospholipids, poly-n-methylpyridinium, anthryul pyridinium chloride, chitosan, polylysine, polyvinylimidazole, polybrene, polymethylmethacrylate trimethylammoniumbromide bromide, hexyldesyltrimethylammonium bromide, polyvinylpyrrolidone-2-dimethylaminoethyl methacrylate dimethyl sulfate, stearyltrimethylammonium chloride, benzyl-di(2-chloroethyl)ethylammonium bromide, coconut trimethyl ammonium chloride or bromide, coconut methyl dihydroxyethyl ammonium chloride or bromide, decyl triethyl ammonium chloride, decyl dimethyl hydroxyethyl ammonium chloride or bromide, C.sub.12-15 dimethyl hydroxyethyl ammonium chloride or bromide, coconut dimethyl hydroxyethyl ammonium chloride or bromide, myristyl trimethyl ammonium methyl sulphate, lauryl dimethyl benzyl ammonium chloride or bromide, lauryl dimethyl (ethenoxy).sub.4 ammonium chloride or bromide, N-alkyl (C.sub.12-18)dimethylbenzyl ammonium chloride, N-alkyl (C.sub.14-18)dimethyl-benzyl ammonium chloride, N-tetradecylidmethylbenzyl ammonium chloride monohydrate, dimethyl didecyl ammonium chloride, N-alkyl and (C.sub.12-14) dimethyl 1-napthylmethyl ammonium chloride, trimethylammonium halide, alkyl-trimethylammonium salts and dialkyl-dimethylammonium salts, lauryl trimethyl ammonium chloride, ethoxylated alkyamidoalkyldialkylammonium salt and/or an ethoxylated trialkyl ammonium salt, dialkylbenzene dialkylammonium chloride, N-didecyldimethyl ammonium chloride, N-tetradecyldimethylbenzyl ammonium, chloride monohydrate, N-alkyl(C.sub.12-14) dimethyl 1-naphthylmethyl ammonium chloride and dodecyldimethylbenzyl ammonium chloride, dialkyl benzenealkyl ammonium chloride, lauryl trimethyl ammonium chloride, alkylbenzyl methyl ammonium chloride, alkyl benzyl dimethyl ammonium bromide, C.sub.12, C.sub.15, C.sub.17 trimethyl ammonium bromides, dodecylbenzyl triethyl ammonium chloride, poly-diallyldimethylammonium chloride (DADMAC), dimethyl ammonium chlorides, alkyldimethylammonium halogenides, tricetyl methyl ammonium chloride, decyltrimethylammonium bromide, dodecyltriethylammonium bromide, tetradecyltrimethylammonium bromide, methyl trioctylammonium chloride, tetrabutylammonium bromide, benzyl trimethylaluminum bromide, choline esters, benzalkonium chloride, stearalkonium chloride compounds, cetyl pyridinium bromide, cetyl pyridinium chloride, halide salts of quaternized polyoxyethylalkylamines, alkyl pyridinium salts, alkylamines, dialkylamines, alkanolamines, polyethylenepolyamines, N,N-dialkylaminoalkyl acrylates, vinyl pyridine, lauryl amine acetate, stearyl amine acetate, alkylpyridinium salt, alkylimidazolium salt, imide azolinium salts; protonated quaternary acrylamides; methylated quaternary polymers, and cationic guar.

18. The method of claim 4, wherein there is a difference in the mean T.sub.max for the nanoparticulate megestrol composition when administered in fed versus fasted states, and that difference is selected from the group consisting of less than about 100%, less than about 90%, less than about 80%, less than about 70%, less than about 60%, less than about 50%, less than about 40%, less than about 30%, less than about 20%, less than about 15%, less than about 10%, less than about 5%, and less than about 3%.

19. The method of claim 4, wherein the formulation exhibits a mean C.sub.max selected from the group consisting of greater than about 5%, greater than about 10%, greater than about 15%, greater than about 20%, greater than about 30%, greater than about 40%, greater than about 50%, greater than about 60%, greater than about 70%, greater than about 80%, greater than about 90%, greater than about 100%, greater than about 110%, greater than about 120%, greater than about 130%, greater than about 140%, and greater than about 150%, than the mean C.sub.max exhibited by a standard commercial, non-nanoparticulate composition of megestrol, administered at the same dosage.

20. The method of claim 1, wherein there is a difference in absorption (AUC) when the composition is administered in fed versus fasted states, and the difference is selected from the group consisting of less than about 35%, less than about 30%, less than about 25%, less than about 20%, less than about 15%, less than about 10%, less than about 5%, and less than about 3%.

21. The method of claim 4, wherein the anorexia, cachexia or loss of body mass is associated with a diagnosis of HIV or AIDS in the human patient.

22. The method of claim 4, wherein the anorexia, cachexia or loss of body mass is associated with a diagnosis of cancer in the human patient.

23. The method of claim 4, wherein the anorexia, cachexia or loss of body mass is associated with cancer.

24. The method of claim 4, wherein the anorexia, cachexia or loss of body mass is associated with HIV or AIDS.

25. The method of claim 4, wherein a maximum blood plasma concentration of megestrol is attained in about 1 hour or less after administration of the megestrol formulation in fasting subjects.

26. The method of claim 4, wherein a maximum blood plasma concentration of megestrol of at least about 700 ng/ml is obtained.

27. The method of claim 26, wherein the maximum blood plasma concentration of megestrol is at least about 700 ng/ml and is attained in less than 5 hours after administration of the megestrol formulation.

28. The method of claim 4, wherein the maximum blood plasma concentration of megestrol is at least about 400 ng/ml and is attained in less than 5 hours after administration of the megestrol formulation.

29. The method of claim 4, wherein a mean C.sub.max of about 300 ng/ml to about 2000 ng/ml is obtained after a single administration of the formulation in the human subject in a fasted state.

30. The method of claim 4, wherein the surface stabilizer is selected from the group consisting of nonionic, cationic, ionic, and zwitterionic surfactants.

31. The method of claim 4, wherein the surface stabilizer is selected from the group consisting of hydroxypropyl methylcellulose, hydroxypropylcellulose, polyvinylpyrrolidone, sodium lauryl sulfate, dioctylsulfosuccinate, gelatin, casein, lecithin, dextran, gum acacia, cholesterol, tragacanth, stearic acid, benzalkonium chloride, calcium stearate, glycerol monostearate, cetostearyl alcohol, cetomacrogol emulsifying wax, sorbitan esters, polyoxyethylene alkyl ethers, polyoxyethylene castor oil derivatives, polyoxyethylene sorbitan fatty acid esters, polyethylene glycols, polyoxyethylene stearates, colloidal silicon dioxide, phosphates, carboxymethylcellulose calcium, carboxymethylcellulose sodium, methylcellulose, hydroxyethylcellulose, hydroxypropylmethylcellulose phthalate, noncrystalline cellulose, magnesium aluminium silicate, triethanolamine, polyvinyl alcohol (PVA), 4-(1,1,3,3-tetramethylbutyl)-phenol polymer with ethylene oxide and formaldehyde, poloxamers, poloxamines, Tetronic 1508, alkyl aryl polyether sulfonate, mixture of sucrose stearate and sucrose distearate, p-isononylphenoxypoly-(glycidol), C.sub.18H.sub.37CH.sub.2(CON(CH.sub.3)--CH.sub.2(CHOH).sub.4(CH.sub.2OH).- sub.2, decanoyl-N-methylglucamide; n-decyl .beta.-D-glucopyranoside; n-decyl .beta.-D-maltopyranoside; n-dodecyl .beta.-D-glucopyranoside; n-dodecyl .beta.-D-maltoside; heptanoyl-N-methylglucamide; n-heptyl-.beta.-D-glucopyranoside; n-heptyl .beta.-D-thioglucoside; n-hexyl .beta.-D-glucopyranoside; nonanoyl-N-methylglucamide; n-noyl .beta.-D-glucopyranoside; octanoyl-N-methylglucamide; n-octyl-.beta.-D-glucopyranoside; octyl .beta.-D-thioglucopyranoside; PEG-phospholipid, PEG-cholesterol, PEG-cholesterol derivative, PEG-vitamin A, PEG-vitamin E, lysozyme, random copolymers of vinyl pyrrolidone and vinyl acetate, biopolymers, polysaccharides, cellulosics, alginates, phospholipids, poly-n-methylpyridinium, anthryul pyridinium chloride, chitosan, polylysine, polyvinylimidazole, polybrene, polymethylmethacrylate trimethylammoniumbromide bromide, hexyldesyltrimethylammonium bromide, polyvinylpyrrolidone-2-dimethylaminoethyl methacrylate dimethyl sulfate, stearyltrimethylammonium chloride, benzyl-di(2-chloroethyl)ethylammonium bromide, coconut trimethyl ammonium chloride or bromide, coconut methyl dihydroxyethyl ammonium chloride or bromide, decyl triethyl ammonium chloride, decyl dimethyl hydroxyethyl ammonium chloride or bromide, C.sub.12-15 dimethyl hydroxyethyl ammonium chloride or bromide, coconut dimethyl hydroxyethyl ammonium chloride or bromide, myristyl trimethyl ammonium methyl sulphate, lauryl dimethyl benzyl ammonium chloride or bromide, lauryl dimethyl (ethenoxy).sub.4 ammonium chloride or bromide, N-alkyl (C.sub.12-18) dimethylbenzyl ammonium chloride, N-alkyl (C.sub.14-18)dimethyl-benzyl ammonium chloride, N-tetradecylidmethylbenzyl ammonium chloride monohydrate, dimethyl didecyl ammonium chloride, N-alkyl and (C.sub.12-14) dimethyl 1-napthylmethyl ammonium chloride, trimethylammonium halide, alkyl-trimethylammonium salts and dialkyl-dimethylammonium salts, lauryl trimethyl ammonium chloride, ethoxylated alkyamidoalkyldialkylammonium salt and/or an ethoxylated trialkyl ammonium salt, dialkylbenzene dialkylammonium chloride, N-didecyldimethyl ammonium chloride, N-tetradecyldimethylbenzyl ammonium, chloride monohydrate, N-alkyl(C.sub.12-14) dimethyl 1-naphthylmethyl ammonium chloride and dodecyldimethylbenzyl ammonium chloride, dialkyl benzenealkyl ammonium chloride, lauryl trimethyl ammonium chloride, alkylbenzyl methyl ammonium chloride, alkyl benzyl dimethyl ammonium bromide, C.sub.12, C.sub.15, C.sub.17 trimethyl ammonium bromides, dodecylbenzyl triethyl ammonium chloride, poly-diallyldimethylammonium chloride (DADMAC), dimethyl ammonium chlorides, alkyldimethylammonium halogenides, tricetyl methyl ammonium chloride, decyltrimethylammonium bromide, dodecyltriethylammonium bromide, tetradecyltrimethylammonium bromide, methyl trioctylammonium chloride, tetrabutylammonium bromide, benzyl trimethylammonium bromide, choline esters, benzalkonium chloride, stearalkonium chloride compounds, cetyl pyridinium bromide, cetyl pyridinium chloride, halide salts of quaternized polyoxyethylalkylamines, alkyl pyridinium salts, alkylamines, dialkylamines, alkanolamines, polyethylenepolyamines, N,N-dialkylaminoalkyl acrylates, vinyl pyridine, lauryl amine acetate, stearyl amine acetate, alkylpyridinium salt, alkylimidazolium salt, imide azolinium salts; protonated quaternary acrylamides; methylated quaternary polymers, and cationic guar.
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