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Claims for Patent: 7,090,830

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Claims for Patent: 7,090,830

Title:Drug condensation aerosols and kits
Abstract: The present invention provides novel condensation aerosols for the treatment of disease and/or intermittent or acute conditions. These condensation aerosols have little or no pyrolysis degradation products and are characterized by having an MMAD of between 1 3 microns. These aerosols are made by rapidly heating a substrate coated with a thin film of drug having a thickness of between 0.05 and 20 .mu.m, while passing a gas over the film, to form particles of a desirable particle size for inhalation. Kits comprising a drug and a device for producing a condensation aerosol are also provided. The device contained in the kit typically, has an element for heating the drug which is coated as a film on the substrate and contains a therapeutically effective dose of a drug when the drug is administered in aerosol form, and an element allowing the vapor to cool to form an aerosol. Also disclosed, are methods for using these aerosols and kits.
Inventor(s): Hale; Ron L. (Woodside, CA), Hodges; Craig C. (Walnut Creek, CA), Lloyd; Peter M. (Walnut Creek, CA), Lu; Amy T. (Los Altos, CA), Myers; Daniel J. (Mountain View, CA), Rabinowitz; Joshua D. (Mountain View, CA), Wensley; Martin J. (San Francisco, CA)
Assignee: Alexza Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (Palo Alto, CA)
Application Number:10/718,982
Patent Claims: 1. A composition for delivery of a drug comprising a condensation aerosol a) wherein the condensation aerosol is formed by heating a thin film of a drug composition to produce a vapor, and condensing the vapor to form a condensation aerosol comprising the drug, b) wherein the condensation aerosol comprises particles that are characterized by less than 10% drug degradation products by weight, c) wherein the condensation aerosol has an MMAD of less than 5 microns, and d) wherein the drug is a heat stable drug.

2. The composition of claim 1, wherein the heat stable drug is selected from the group consisting of acebutolol, acetaminophen, alprazolam, amantadine, amitriptyline, apomorphine diacetate, apomorphine hydrochloride, atropine, azatadine, betahistine, brompheniramine, bumetanide, buprenorphine, bupropion hydrochloride, butalbital, butorphanol, carbinoxamine maleate, celecoxib, chlordiazepoxide, chlorpheniramine, chlorzoxazone, ciclesonide, citalopram, clomipramine, clonazepam, clozapine, codeine, cyclobenzaprine, cyproheptadine, dapsone, diazepam, diclofenac ethyl ester, diflunisal, disopyramide, doxepin, estradiol, ephedrine, estazolam, ethacrynic acid, fenfluramine, fenoprofen, flecainide, flunitrazepam, galanthamine, granisetron, haloperidol, hydromorphone, hydroxychloroquine, ibuprofen, imipramine, indomethacin ethyl ester, indomethacin methyl ester, isocarboxazid, ketamine, ketoprofen, ketoprofen ethyl ester, ketoprofen methyl ester, ketorolac ethyl ester, ketorolac methyl ester, ketotifen, lamotrigine, lidocaine, loperamide, loratadine, loxapine, maprotiline, memantine, meperidine, metaproterenol, methoxsalen, metoprolol, mexiletine HCl, midazolam, mirtazapine, morphine, nalbuphine, naloxone, naproxen, naratriptan, nortriptyline, olanzapine, orphenadrine, oxycodone, paroxetine, pergolide, phenytoin, pindolol, piribedil, pramipexole, procainamide, prochloperazine, propafenone, propranolol, pyrilamine, quetiapine, quinidine, rizatriptan, ropinirole, sertraline, selegiline, sildenafil, spironolactone, tacrine, tadalafil, terbutaline, testosterone, thalidomide, theophylline, tocainide, toremifene, trazodone, triazolam, trifluoperazine, vaiproic acid, venlafaxine, vitamin E, zaleplon, zotepine, amoxapine, atenolol, benztropine, caffeine, doxylamine, estradiol 17-acetate, flurazepam, flurbiprofen, hydroxyzine, ibutilide, indomethacin norcholine ester, ketorolac norcholine ester, melatonin, metoclopramide, nabumetone, perphenazine, protriptyline HCl, quinine, triamterene, trimipramine, zonisamide, bergapten, chlorpromazine, colchicine, diltiazem, donepezil, eletriptan, estradiol-3,17-diacetate, efavirenz, esmolol, fentanyl, flunisolide, fluoxetine, hyoscyamine, indomethacin, isotretinoin, linezolid, meclizine, paracoxib, pioglitazone, rofecoxib, sumatriptan, tolterodine, tramadol, tranylcypromine, trimipramine maleate, valdecoxib, vardenafil, verapamil, zolmitriptan, zolpidem, zopiclone, bromazepam, buspirone, cinnarizine, dipyridamole, naltrexone, sotalol, telmisartan, temazepam, albuterol, apomorphine hydrochloride diacetate, carbinoxamine, clonidine, diphenhydramine, thambutol, fluticasone proprionate, fluconazole, lovastatin, lorazepam N,O-diacetyl, methadone, nefazodone, oxybutynin, promazine, promethazine, sibutramine, tamoxifen, tolfenamic acid, aripiprazole, astemizole, benazepril, clemastine, estradiol 17-heptanoate, fluphenazine, protriptyline, ethambutal, frovatriptan, pyrilamine maleate, scopolamine, and triamcinolene acetonide.

3. The composition of claim 1, wherein the condensation aerosol particles are characterized by less than 5% drug degradation products.

4. The composition of claim 3, wherein the heat stable drug is selected from the group consisting of acebutolol, acetaminophen, alprazolam, amantadine, amitriptyline, apomorphine diacetate, apomorphine hydrochloride, atropine, azatadine, betahistine, brompheniramine, bumetanide, buprenorphine, bupropion hydrochloride, butalbital, butorphanol, carbinoxamine maleate, celecoxib, chlordiazepoxide, chlorpheniramine, chlorzoxazone, ciclesonide, citalopram, clomipramine, clonazepam, clozapine, codeine, cyclobenzaprine, cyproheptadine, dapsone, diazepam, diclofenac ethyl ester, diflunisal, disopyramide, doxepin, estradiol, ephedrine, estazolam, ethacrynic acid, fenfluramine, fenoprofen, flecainide, flunitrazepam, galanthamine, granisetron, haloperidol, hydromorphone, hydroxychloroquine, ibuprofen, imipramine, indomethacin ethyl ester, indomethacin methyl ester, isocarboxazid, ketamine, ketoprofen, ketoprofen ethyl ester, ketoprofen methyl ester, ketorolac ethyl ester, ketorolac methyl ester, ketotifen, lamotrigine, lidocaine, loperamide, loratadine, loxapine, maprotiline, memantine, meperidine, metaproterenol, methoxsalen, metoprolol, mexiletine HCl, midazolam, mirtazapine, morphine, nalbuphine, naloxone, naproxen, naratriptan, nortriptyline, olanzapine, orphenadrine, oxycodone, paroxetine, pergolide, phenytoin, pindolol, piribedil, pramipexole, procainamide, prochloperazine, propafenone, propranolol, pyrilamine, quetiapine, quinidine, rizatriptan, ropinirole, sertraline, selegiline, sildenafil, spironolactone, tacrine, tadalafil, terbutaline, testosterone, thalidomide, theophylline, tocainide, toremifene, trazodone, triazolam, trifluoperazine, valproic acid, venlafaxine, vitamin E, zaleplon, zotepine, amoxapine, atenolol, benztropine, caffeine, doxylamine, estradiol 17-acetate, flurazepam, flurbiprofen, hydroxyzine, ibutilide, indomethacin norcholine ester, ketorolac norcholine ester, melatonin, metoclopramide, nabumetone, perphenazine, protriptyline HCl, quinine, triamterene, trimipramine, zonisamide, bergapten, chlorpromazine, colchicine, diltiazem, donepezil, eletriptan, estradiol-3,17-diacetate, efavirenz, esmolol, fentanyl, flunisolide, fluoxetine, hyoscyamine, indomethacin, isotretinoin, linezolid, meclizine, paracoxib, pioglitazone, rofecoxib, sumatriptan, tolterodine, tramadol, tranylcypromine, trimipramine maleate, valdecoxib, vardenafil, verapamil, zolmitriptan, zolpidem, zopiclone, bromazepam, buspirone, cinnarizine, dipyridamole, naltrexone, sotalol, telmisartan, and temazepam.

5. The composition of claim 1, wherein the condensation aerosol particles are characterized by less than 2.5% drug degradation products.

6. The composition of claim 5, wherein the heat stable drug is selected from the group consisting of acebutolol, acetaminophen, alprazolam, amantadine, amitriptyline, apomorphine diacetate, apomorphine hydrochloride, atropine, azatadine, betahistine, brompheniramine, bumetanide, buprenorphine, bupropion hydrochloride, butalbital, butorphanol, carbinoxamine maleate, celecoxib, chlordiazepoxide, chlorpheniramine, chlorzoxazone, ciclesonide, citalopram, clomipramine, clonazepam, clozapine, codeine, cyclobenzaprine, cyproheptadine, dapsone, diazepam, diclofenac ethyl ester, diflunisal, disopyramide, doxepin, estradiol, ephedrine, estazolam, ethacrynic acid, fenfluramine, fenoprofen, flecainide, flunitrazepam, galanthamine, granisetron, haloperidol, hydromorphone, hydroxychloroquine, ibuprofen, imipramine, indomethacin ethyl ester, indomethacin methyl ester, isocarboxazid, ketamine, ketoprofen, ketoprofen ethyl ester, ketoprofen methyl ester, ketorolac ethyl ester, ketorolac methyl ester, ketotifen, lamotrigine, lidocaine, loperamide, loratadine, loxapine, maprotiline, memantine, meperidine, metaproterenol, methoxsalen, metoprolol, mexiletine HCl, midazolam, mirtazapine, morphine, nalbuphine, naloxone, naproxen, naratriptan, nortriptyline, olanzapine, orphenadrine, oxycodone, paroxetine, pergolide, phenytoin, pindolol, piribedil, pramipexole, procainamide, prochloperazine, propafenone, propranolol, pyrilamine, quetiapine, quinidine, rizatriptan, ropinirole, sertraline, selegiline, sildenafil, spironolactone, tacrine, tadalafil, terbutaline, testosterone, thalidomide, theophylline, tocainide, toremifene, trazodone, triazolam, trifluoperazine, valproic acid, venlafaxine, vitamin E, zaleplon, zotepine, amoxapine, atenolol, benztropine, caffeine, doxylamine, estradiol 17-acetate, flurazepam, flurbiprofen, hydroxyzine, ibutilide, indomethacin norcholine ester, ketorolac norcholine ester, melatonin, metoclopramide, nabumetone, perphenazine, protriptyline HCl, quinine, triamterene, trimipramine, and zonisamide.

7. The composition of claim 1, wherein the drug has a molecular weight between 200 and 700.

8. The composition of claim 7, wherein the drug has a molecular weight between 250 and 650.

9. The composition of claim 8, wherein the drug has a molecular weight greater than 350.

10. The composition of claim 1, wherein the drug composition comprises a drug that is in a free base form.

11. The composition of claim 1, wherein the drug composition comprises a drug that is in a free acid form.

12. The composition of claim 1, wherein the drug composition comprises at least two drugs.

13. The composition of claim 1, wherein the drug composition comprises a pharmaceutically acceptable excipient.

14. The composition of claim 1, wherein the condensation aerosol is devoid of excipients.

15. The composition of claim 1, wherein the condensation aerosol is devoid of propellants and organic solvents.

16. The composition of claim 1, wherein the condensation aerosol comprises a carrier gas selected from the group consisting of air, nitrogen, carbon dioxide, a mixture of air and nitrogen, and a mixture of air and carbon dioxide.

17. The composition of claim 16, wherein the carrier gas is air.

18. The composition of claim 1, wherein the condensation aerosol particles are characterized by increasing percentages of drug degradation products with increasing film thicknesses.

19. The composition of claim 18, wherein the heat stable drug is selected from the group consisting of alprazolam, amoxapine, apomorphine hydrochloride, atropine, bumetanide, buprenorphine, butorphanol, celecoxib, ciclesonide, clomipramine, donepezil, eletriptan, fentanyl, hydromorphone, loxapine, midazolam, morphine, nalbuphine, naratriptan, olanzapine, parecoxib, paroxetine, pramipexole, proeblorperazine, quetiapine, sertraline, sibutramine, rizatriptan, sildenafil, sumatriptan, tadalafil, valdecoxib, vardenafil, venlafaxine, zolpidem, citalopram, escitalopram, clonazepam, oxymorphone, albuterol, sufentanyl, and remifentanyl.

20. A kit for delivering a condensation aerosol, the kit comprising: a) a thin film of a drug composition comprising a drug, on a solid support, and b) a device for providing the condensation aerosol, wherein the condensation aerosol is formed by heating the drug composition to produce a vapor, and condensing the vapor to form a condensation aerosol comprising the drug, wherein the condensation aerosol comprises particles that are characterized by less than 10% drug degradation products by weight, wherein the condensation aerosol has an MMAD of less than 5 microns, and wherein the drug is a heat stable drug.

21. The kit of claim 20, wherein the thin film has a thickness between 0.5 and 20 microns.

22. The kit of claim 20, wherein the device comprises a heating element configured to heat the thin film to produce a vapor, and an enclosure allowing the vapor to condense to form a condensation aerosol.

23. The kit of claim 20, wherein the condensation aerosol comprises more than one drug.

24. The kit of claim 20, wherein the drug composition further comprises a phannaceutically acceptable excipient.

25. The kit of claim 22, wherein the heating element can provide a temperature of at least 250.degree. C. and can substantially completely volatilize the thin film in 500 milliseconds or less.

26. The kit of claim 20, further including instructions for use.

27. The kit of claim 20, wherein the heat stable drug is selected from the group consisting of acebutolol, acetaminophen, alprazolam, amantadine, amitriptyline, apomorphine diacetate, apomorphine hydrochloride, atropine, azatadine, betahistine, brompheniramine, bumetanide, buprenorphine, bupropion hydrochloride, butalbital, butorphanol, carbinoxamine maleate, celecoxib, chlordiazepoxide, chlorpheniramine, chlorzoxazone, ciclesonide, citalopram, clomipramine, clonazepam, clozapine, codeine, cyclobenzaprine, cyproheptadine, dapsone, diazepam, diclofenac ethyl ester, diflunisal, disopyramide, doxepin, estradiol, ephedrine, estazolam, ethacrynic acid, fenfluramine, fenoprofen, flecainide, flunitrazepam, galanthamine, granisetron, haloperidol, hydromorphone, hydroxychloroquine, ibuprofen, imipramine, indomethacin ethyl ester, indomethacin methyl ester, isocarboxazid, ketamine, ketoprofen, ketoprofen ethyl ester, ketoprofen methyl ester, ketorolac ethyl ester, ketorolac methyl ester, ketotifen, lamotrigine, lidocaine, loperamide, loratadine, loxapine, maprotiline, memantine, meperidine, metaproterenol, methoxsalen, metoprolol, mexiletine HCl, midazolam, mirtazapine, morphine, nalbuphine, naloxone, naproxen, naratriptan, nortriptyline, olanzapine, orphenadrine, oxycodone, paroxetine, pergolide, phenytoin, pindolol, piribedil, pramipexole, procainamide, prochloperazine, propafenone, propranolol, pyrilamine, quetiapine, quinidine, rizatriptan, ropinirole, sertraline, selegiline, sildenafil, spironolactone, tacrine, tadalafil, terbutaline, testosterone, thalidomide, theophylline, tocainide, toremifene, trazodone, triazolam, trifluoperazine, valproic acid, venlafaxine, vitamin E, zaleplon, zotepine, amoxapine, atenolol, benztropine, caffeine, doxylamine, estradiol 17-acetate, flurazepam, flurbiprofen, hydroxyzine, ibutilide, indomethacin norcholine ester, ketorolac norcholine ester, melatonin, metoclopramide, nabumetone, perphenazine, protriptyline HCl, quinine, triamterene, trimipramine, zonisamide, bergapten, chlorpromazine, colchicine, diltiazem, donepezil, eletriptan, estradiol-3,17-diacetate, efavirenz, esmolol, fentanyl, flunisolide, fluoxetine, hyoscyamine, indomethacin, isotretinoin, linezolid, meclizine, paracoxib, pioglitazone, rofecoxib, sumatriptan, tolterodine, tramadol, tranylcypromine, trimipramine maleate, valdecoxib, vardenafil, verapamil, zolmitriptan, zolpidem, zopiclone, bromazepam, buspirone, cinnarizine, dipyridamole, naltrexone, sotalol, telmisartan, temazepam, albuterol, apomorphine hydrochloride diacetate, carbinoxamine, clonidine, diphenhydramine, thambutol, fluticasone proprionate, fluconazole, lovastatin, lorazepam N,O-diacetyl, methadone, nefazodone, oxybutynin, promazine, promethazine, sibutramine, tamoxifen, tolfenamic acid, aripiprazole, astemizole, benazepril, clemastine, estradiol 17-heptanoate, fluphenazine, protriptyline, ethambutal, frovatriptan, pyrilamine maleate, scopolamine, and triamcinolene acetonide.

28. The composition of claim 1, wherein the condensation aerosol has an MMAD of less than 3 microns.

29. The composition of claim 28, wherein the heat stable drug is selected from the group consisting of acebutolol, acetaminophen, alprazolam, amantadine, amitriptyline, apomorphine diacetate, apomorphine hydrochloride, atropine, azatadine, betahistine, brompheniramine, bumetanide, buprenorphine, bupropion hydrochloride, butalbital, butorphanol, carbinoxamine maleate, celecoxib, chlordiazepoxide, chlorpheniramine, chlorzoxazone, ciclesonide, citalopram, clomipramine, clonazepam, clozapine, codeine, cyclobenzaprine, cyproheptadine, dapsone, diazepam, diclofenac ethyl ester, diflunisal, disopyramide, doxepin, estradiol, ephedrine, estazolam, ethacrynic acid, fenfluramine, fenoprofen, flecainide, flunitrazepam, galanthamine, granisetron, haloperidol, hydromorphone, hydroxychloroquine, ibuprofen, imipramine, indomethacin ethyl ester, indomethacin methyl ester, isocarboxazid, ketamine, ketoprofen, ketoprofen ethyl ester, ketoprofen methyl ester, ketorolac ethyl ester, ketorolac methyl ester, ketotifen, lamotrigine, lidocaine, loperamide, loratadine, loxapine, maprotiline, memantine, meperidine, metaproterenol, methoxsalen, metoprolol, mexiletine HCI, midazolam, mirtazapine, morphine, nalbuphine, naloxone, naproxen, naratriptan, nortriptyline, olanzapine, orphenadrine, oxycodone, paroxetine, pergolide, phenytoin, pindolol, piribedil, pramipexole, procainamide, prochloperazine, propafenone, propranolol, pyrilamine, quetiapine, quinidine, rizatriptan, ropinirole, sertraline, selegiline, sildenafil, spironolactone, tacrine, tadalafil, terbutaline, testosterone, thalidomide, theophylline, tocainide, toremifene, trazodone, triazolam, trifluoperazine, valproic acid, venlafaxine, vitamin E, zaleplon, zotepine, amoxapine, atenolol, benztropine, caffeine, doxylamine, estradiol 17-acetate, flurazepam, flurbiprofen, hydroxyzine, ibutilide, indomethacin norcholine ester, ketorolac norcholine ester, melatonin, metoclopramide, nabumetone, perphenazine, protriptyline HCl, quinine, triamterene, trimipramine, zonisamide, bergapten, chlorpromazine, colchicine, diltiazem, donepezil, eletriptan, estradiol-3,17-diacetate, efavirenz, esmolol, fentanyl, flunisolide, fluoxetine, hyoscyamine, indomethacin, isotretinoin, linezolid, meclizine, paracoxib, pioglitazone, rofecoxib, sumatriptan, tolterodine, tramadol, tranylcypromine, trimipramine maleate, valdecoxib, vardenafil, verapamil, zolmitriptan, zolpidem, zopiclone, bromazepam, buspirone, cinnarizine, dipyridamole, naltrexone, sotalol, telmisartan, temazepam, albuterol, apomorphine hydrochloride diacetate, carbinoxamine, clonidine, diphenhydramine, thambutol, fluticasone proprionate, fluconazole, lovastatin, lorazepam N,O-diacetyl, methadone, nefazodone, oxybutynin, promazine, promethazine, sibutramine, tamoxifen, tolfenamic acid, aripiprazole, astemizole, benazepril, clemastine, estradiol 17-heptanoate, fluphenazine, protriptyline, ethambutal, frovatriptan, pyrilamine maleate, scopolamine, and triamcinolene acetonide.

30. The composition of claim 1, wherein the condensation aerosol has an MMAD of 0.2 to 5 microns.

31. The composition of claim 30, wherein the heat stable drug is selected from the group consisting of acebutolol, acetaminophen, alprazolam, amantadine, amitriptyline, apomorphine diacetate, apomorphine hydrochloride, atropine, azatadine, betahistine, brompheniramine, bumetanide, buprenorphine, bupropion hydrochloride, butalbital, butorphanol, carbinoxamine maleate, celecoxib, chlordiazepoxide, chlorpheniramine, chlorzoxazone, ciclesonide, citalopram, clomipramine, clonazepam, clozapine, codeine, cyclobenzaprine, cyproheptadine, dapsone, diazepam, diclofenac ethyl ester, diflunisal, disopyramide, doxepin, estradiol, ephedrine, estazolam, ethacrynic acid, fenfluramine, fenoprofen, flecainide, flunitrazepam, galanthamine, granisetron, haloperidol, hydromorphone, hydroxychloroquine, ibuprofen, imipramine, indomethacin ethyl ester, indomethacin methyl ester, isocarboxazid, ketamine, ketoprofen, ketoprofen ethyl ester, ketoprofen methyl ester, ketorolac ethyl ester, ketorolac methyl ester, ketotifen, lamotrigine, lidocaine, loperamide, loratadine, loxapine, maprotiline, memantine, meperidine, metaproterenol, methoxsalen, metoprolol, mexiletine HCl, midazolam, mirtazapine, morphine, nalbuphine, naloxone, naproxen, naratriptan, nortriptyline, olanzapine, orphenadrine, oxycodone, paroxetine, pergolide, phenytoin, pindolol, piribedil, prarnipexole, procainamide, prochloperazine, propafenone, propranolol, pyrilamine, quetiapine, quinidine, rizatriptan, ropinirole, sertraline, selegiline, sildenafil, spironolactone, tacrine, tadalafil, terbutaline, testosterone, thalidomide, theophylline, tocainide, toremifene, trazodone, triazolam, trifluoperazine, vaiproic acid, venlafaxine, vitamin E, zaleplon, zotepine, amoxapine, atenolol, benztropine, caffeine, doxylamine, estradiol 17-acetate, flurazepam, flurbiprofen, hydroxyzine, ibutilide, indomethacin norcholine ester, ketorolac norcholine ester, melatonin, metoclopramide, nabumetone, perphenazine, protriptyline HCl, quinine, triamterene, trimipramine, zonisamide, bergapten, chlorpromazine, colchicine, diltiazem, donepezil, eletriptan, estradiol-3,17-diacetate, efavirenz, esmolol, fentanyl, flunisolide, fluoxetine, hyoscyamine, indomethacin, isotretinoin, linezolid, meclizine, paracoxib, pioglitazone, rofecoxib, sumatriptan, tolterodine, tramadol, tranylcypromine, trimipramine maleate, valdecoxib, vardenafil, verapamil, zolmitriptan, zolpidem, zopiclone, bromazepam, buspirone, cinnarizine, dipyridamole, naltrexone, sotalol, telmisartan, temazepam, albuterol, apomorphine hydrochloride diacetate, carbinoxamine, clonidine, diphenhydramine, thambutol, fluticasone proprionate, fluconazole, lovastatin, lorazepam N,O-diacetyl, methadone, nefazodone, oxybutynin, promazine, promethazine, sibutramine, tamoxifen, tolfenamic acid, aripiprazole, astemizole, benazepril, clemastine, estradiol 17-heptanoate, fluphenazine, protriptyline, ethambutal, frovatriptan, pyrilamine maleate, scopolamine, and triamcinolene acetonide.

32. The composition of claim 1, wherein the condensation aerosol has an MMAD of 0.2 to 3 microns.

33. The composition of claim 32, wherein the heat stable drug is selected from the group consisting of acebutolol, acetaminophen, alprazolam, amantadine, amitriptyline, apomorphine diacetate, apomorphine hydrochloride, atropine, azatadine, betahistine, brompheniramine, bumetanide, buprenorphine, bupropion hydrochloride, butalbital, butorphanol, carbinoxamine maleate, celecoxib, chlordiazepoxide, chlorpheniramine, chlorzoxazone, ciclesonide, citalopram, clomipramine, clonazepam, clozapine, codeine, cyclobenzaprine, cyproheptadine, dapsone, diazepam, diclofenac ethyl ester, diflunisal, disopyramide, doxepin, estradiol, ephedrine, estazolam, ethacrynic acid, fenfluramine, fenoprofen, flecainide, flunitrazepam, galanthamine, granisetron, haloperidol, hydromorphone, hydroxychloroquine, ibuprofen, imipramine, indomethacin ethyl ester, indomethacin methyl ester, isocarboxazid, ketamine, ketoprofen, ketoprofen ethyl ester, ketoprofen methyl ester, ketorolac ethyl ester, ketorolac methyl ester, ketotifen, lamotrigine, lidocaine, loperamide, loratadine, loxapine, maprotiline, memantine, meperidine, metaproterenol, methoxsalen, metoprolol, mexiletine HCl, midazolam, mirtazapine, morphine, nalbuphine, naloxone, naproxen, naratriptan, nortriptyline, olanzapine, orphenadrine, oxycodone, paroxetine, pergolide, phenytoin, pindolol, piribedil, pramipexole, procainamide, prochloperazine, propafenone, propranolol, pyrilamine, quetiapine, quinidine, rizatriptan, ropinirole, sertraline, selegiline, sildenafil, spironolactone, tacrine, tadalafil, terbutaline, testosterone, thalidomide, theophylline, tocainide, toremifene, trazodone, triazolam, trifluoperazine, vaiproic acid, venlafaxine, vitamin E, zaleplon, zotepine, amoxapine, atenolol, benztropine, caffeine, doxylamine, estradiol 17-acetate, flurazepam, flurbiprofen, hydroxyzine, ibutilide, indomethacin norcholine ester, ketorolac norcholine ester, melatonin, metoclopramide, nabumetone, perphenazine, protriptyline HCl, quinine, triamterene, trimipramine, zonisamide, bergapten, chlorpromazine, colchicine, diltiazem, donepezil, eletriptan, estradiol-3,17-diacetate, efavirenz, esmolol, fentanyl, flunisolide, fluoxetine, hyoscyamine, indomethacin, isotretinoin, linezolid, meclizine, paracoxib, pioglitazone, rofecoxib, sumatriptan, tolterodine, tramadol, tranylcypromine, trimipramine maleate, valdecoxib, vardenafil, verapamil, zolmitriptan, zolpidem, zopiclone, bromazepam, buspirone, cinnarizine, dipyridamole, naltrexone, sotalol, telmisartan, temazepam, albuterol, apomorphine hydrochloride diacetate, carbinoxamine, clonidine, diphenhydramine, thambutol, fluticasone proprionate, fluconazole, lovastatin, lorazepam N,O-diacetyl, methadone, nefazodone, oxybutynin, promazine, promethazine, sibutramine, tamoxifen, tolfenamic acid, aripiprazole, astemizole, benazepril, clemastine, estradiol 17-heptanoate, fluphenazine, protriptyline, ethambutal, frovatriptan, pyrilamine maleate, scopolamine, and triamcinolene acetonide.

34. The composition of claim 1, wherein the condensation aerosol has an MMAD of 1 to 3 microns.

35. The composition of claim 34, wherein the heat stable drug is selected from the group consisting of acebutolol, acetaminophen, alprazolam, amantadine, amitriptyline, apomorphine diacetate, apomorphine hydrochloride, atropine, azatadine, betahistine, brompheniramine, bumetanide, buprenorphine, bupropion hydrochloride, butalbital, butorphanol, carbinoxamine maleate, celecoxib, chlordiazepoxide, chlorpheniramine, chlorzoxazone, ciclesonide, citalopram, clomipramine, clonazepam, clozapine, codeine, cyclobenzaprine, cyproheptadine, dapsone, diazepam, diclofenac ethyl ester, diflunisal, disopyramide, doxepin, estradiol, ephedrine, estazolam, ethacrynic acid, fenfluramine, fenoprofen, flecainide, flunitrazepam, galanthamine, granisetron, haloperidol, hydromorphone, hydroxychloroquine, ibuprofen, imipramine, indomethacin ethyl ester, indomethacin methyl ester, isocarboxazid, ketamine, ketoprofen, ketoprofen ethyl ester, ketoprofen methyl ester, ketorolac ethyl ester, ketorolac methyl ester, ketotifen, lamotrigine, lidocaine, loperamide, loratadine, loxapine, maprotiline, memantine, meperidine, metaproterenol, methoxsalen, metoprolol, mexiletine HCl, midazolam, mirtazapine, morphine, nalbuphine, naloxone, naproxen, naratriptan, nortriptyline, olauzapine, orphenadrine, oxycodone, paroxetine, pergolide, phenytoin, pindolol, piribedil, pramipexole, procainamide, prochloperazine, propafenone, propranolol, pyrilamine, quetiapine, quinidine, rizatriptan, ropinirole, sertraline, selegiline, sildenafil, spironolactone, tacrine, tadalafil, terbutaline, testosterone, thalidomide, theophylline, tocainide, toremifene, trazodone, triazolam, trifluoperazine, valproic acid, venlafaxine, vitamin E, zaleplon, zotepine, amoxapine, atenolol, benztropine, caffeine, doxylamine, estradiol 17-acetate, flurazepam, flurbiprofen, hydroxyzine, ibutilide, indomethacin norcholine ester, ketorolac norcholine ester, melatonin, metoclopramide, nabumetone, perphenazine, protriptyline HCl, quinine, triamterene, trimipramine, zonisamide, bergapten, chlorpromazine, colchicine, diltiazem, donepezil, eletriptan, estradiol-3,17-diacetate, efavirenz, esmolol, fentanyl, flunisolide, fluoxetine, hyoscyamine, indomethacin, isotretinoin, linezolid, meclizine, paracoxib, pioglitazone, rofecoxib, sumatriptan, tolterodine, tramadol, tranylcypromine, trimipramine maleate, valdecoxib, vardenafil, verapamil, zolmitriptan, zolpidem, zopiclone, bromazepam, buspirone, cinnarizine, dipyridamole, naltrexone, sotalol, telmisartan, temazepam, albuterol, apomorphine hydrochloride diacetate, carbinoxamine, clonidine, diphenhydramine, thambutol, fluticasone proprionate, fluconazole, lovastatin, lorazepam N,O-diacetyl, methadone, nefazodone, oxybutynin, promazine, promethazine, sibutramine, tamoxifen, tolfenamic acid, aripiprazole, astemizole, benazepril, clemastine, estradiol 17-heptanoate, fluphenazine, protriptyline, ethambutal, frovatriptan, pyrilamine maleate, scopolamine, and triamcinolene acetonide.

36. The kit of claim 20, wherein the condensation aerosol has an MMAD of less than 3 microns.

37. The kit of claim 20, wherein the condensation aerosol has an MMAD of 0.2 to 5 microns.

38. The kit of claim 20, wherein the condensation aerosol has an MMAD of 0.2 to 3 microns.

39. The kit of claim 20, wherein the condensation aerosol has an MMAD of 1 to 3 microns.

40. The kit of claim 20, wherein the solid support is a metal foil.

41. The composition of claim 34, wherein the condensation aerosol particles are characterized by less than 5% drug degradation products.

42. The composition of claim 41, wherein the heat stable drug is selected from the group consisting of acebutolol, acetaminophen, alprazolam, amantadine, amitriptyline, apomorphine diacetate, apomorphine hydrochloride, atropine, azatadine, betahistine, brompheniramine, bumetanide, buprenorphine, bupropion hydrochloride, butalbital, butorphanol, carbinoxamine maleate, celecoxib, chlordiazepoxide, chlorpheniramine, chlorzoxazone, ciclesonide, citalopram, clomipramine, clonazepam, clozapine, codeine, cyclobenzaprine, cyproheptadine, dapsone, diazepam, diclofenac ethyl ester, diflunisal, disopyramide, doxepin, estradiol, ephedrine, estazolam, ethacrynic acid, fenfluramine, fenoprofen, flecainide, flunitrazepam, galanthamine, granisetron, haloperidol, hydromorphone, hydroxychloroquine, ibuprofen, imipramine, indomethacin ethyl ester, indomethacin methyl ester, isocarboxazid, ketamine, ketoprofen, ketoprofen ethyl ester, ketoprofen methyl ester, ketorolac ethyl ester, ketorolac methyl ester, ketotifen, lamotrigine, lidocaine, loperamide, loratadine, loxapine, maprotiline, memantine, meperidine, metaproterenol, methoxsalen, metoprolol, mexiletine HCl, midazolam, mirtazapine, morphine, nalbuphine, naloxone, naproxen, naratriptan, nortriptyline, olanzapine, orphenadrine, oxycodone, paroxetine, pergolide, phenytoin, pindolol, piribedil, pramipexole, procainamide, prochloperazine, propafenone, propranolol, pyrilamine, quetiapine, quinidine, rizatriptan, ropinirole, sertraline, selegiline, sildenafil, spironolactone, tacrine, tadalafil, terbutaline, testosterone, thalidomide, theophylline, tocainide, toremifene, trazodone, triazolam, trifluoperazine, vaiproic acid, venlafaxine, vitamin E, zaleplon, zotepine, amoxapine, atenolol, benztropine, caffeine, doxylamine, estradiol 17-acetate, flurazepam, flurbiprofen, hydroxyzine, ibutilide, indomethacin norcholine ester, ketorolac norcholine ester, melatonin, metoclopramide, nabumetone, perphenazine, protriptyline HCl, quinine, triamterene, trimipramine, zonisamide, bergapten, chlorpromazine, colchicine, diltiazem, donepezil, eletriptan, estradiol-3,17-diacetate, efavirenz, esmolol, fentanyl, flunisolide, fluoxetine, hyoscyamine, indomethacin, isotretinoin, linezolid, meclizine, paracoxib, pioglitazone, rofecoxib, sumatriptan, tolterodine, tramadol, tranylcypromine, trimipramine maleate, valdecoxib, vardenafil, verapamil, zolmitriptan, zolpidem, zopiclone, bromazepam, buspirone, cinnarizine, dipyridamole, naltrexone, sotalol, telmisartan, temazepam, albuterol, apomorphine hydrochloride diacetate, carbinoxamine, clonidine, diphenhydramine, thambutol, fluticasone proprionate, fluconazole, lovastatin, lorazepam N,O-diacetyl, methadone, nefazodone, oxybutynin, promazine, promethazine, sibutramine, tamoxifen, tolfenamic acid, aripiprazole, astemizole, benazepril, clemastine, estradiol 17-heptanoate, fluphenazine, protriptyline, ethambutal, frovatriptan, pyrilamine maleate, scopolamine, and triamcinolene acetonide.

43. The composition of claim 34, wherein the condensation aerosol particles are characterized by less than 2.5% drug degradation products.

44. The composition of claim 43, wherein the heat stable drug is selected from the group consisting of acebutolol, acetaminophen, alprazolam, amantadine, amitriptyline, apomorphine diacetate, apomorphine hydrochloride, atropine, azatadine, betahistine, brompheniramine, bumetanide, buprenorphine, bupropion hydrochloride, butalbital, butorphanol, carbinoxamine maleate, celecoxib, chlordiazepoxide, chlorpheniramine, chlorzoxazone, ciclesonide, citalopram, clomipramine, clonazepam, clozapine, codeine, cyclobenzaprine, cyproheptadine, dapsone, diazepam, diclofenac ethyl ester, diflunisal, disopyramide, doxepin, estradiol, ephedrine, estazolam, ethacrynic acid, fenfluramine, fenoprofen, flecainide, flunitrazepam, galanthamine, granisetron, haloperidol, hydromorphone, hydroxychloroquine, ibuprofen, imipramine, indomethacin ethyl ester, indomethacin methyl ester, isocarboxazid, ketamine, ketoprofen, ketoprofen ethyl ester, ketoprofen methyl ester, ketorolac ethyl ester, ketorolac methyl ester, ketotifen, lamotrigine, lidocaine, loperamide, loratadine, loxapine, maprotiline, memantine, meperidine, metaproterenol, methoxsalen, metoprolol, mexiletine HCl, midazolam, mirtazapine, morphine, nalbuphine, naloxone, naproxen, naratriptan, nortriptyline, olanzapine, orphenadrine, oxycodone, paroxetine, pergolide, phenytoin, pindolol, piribedil, pramipexole, procainamide, prochloperazine, propafenone, propranolol, pyrilamine, quetiapine, quinidine, rizatriptan, ropinirole, sertraline, selegiline, sildenafil, spironolactone, tacrine, tadalafil, terbutaline, testosterone, thalidomide, theophylline, tocainide, toremifene, trazodone, triazolam, trifluoperazine, valproic acid, venlafaxine, vitamin E, zaleplon, zotepine, amoxapine, atenolol, benztropine, caffeine, doxylamine, estradiol 17-acetate, flurazepam, flurbiprofen, hydroxyzine, ibutilide, indomethacin norcholine ester, ketorolac norcholine ester, melatonin, metoclopramide, nabumetone, perphenazine, protriptyline HCl, quinine, triamterene, trimipramine, zonisamide, bergapten, chlorpromazine, colchicine, diltiazem, donepezil, eletriptan, estradiol-3,17-diacetate, efavirenz, esmolol, fentanyl, flunisolide, fluoxetine, hyoscyamine, indomethacin, isotretinoin, linezolid, meclizine, paracoxib, pioglitazone, rofecoxib, sumatriptan, tolterodine, tramadol, tranylcypromine, trimipramine maleate, valdecoxib, vardenafil, verapamil, zolmitriptan, zolpidem, zopiclone, bromazepam, buspirone, cinnarizine, dipyridamole, naltrexone, sotalol, telmisartan, temazepam, albuterol, apomorphine hydrochloride diacetate, carbinoxamine, clonidine, diphenhydramine, thambutol, fluticasone proprionate, fluconazole, lovastatin, lorazepam N,O-diacetyl, methadone, nefazodone, oxybutynin, promazine, promethazine, sibutramine, tamoxifen, tolfenamic acid, aripiprazole, astemizole, benazepril, clemastine, estradiol 17-heptanoate, fluphenazine, protriptyline, ethambutal, frovatriptan, pyrilamine maleate, scopolamine, and triamcinolene acetonide.

45. The kit of claim 39, wherein the condensation aerosol particles are characterized by less than 5% drug degradation products.

46. The kit of claim 39, wherein the condensation aerosol particles are characterized by less than 2.5% drug degradation products.

47. The composition of claim 1, wherein the thin film has a thickness between 0.05 and 20 microns.

48. The composition of claim 47, wherein the thin film has a thickness between 0.5 and 5 microns.
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