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Claims for Patent: 7,084,130

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Claims for Patent: 7,084,130

Title:Intraocular irrigating solution having improved flow characteristics
Abstract:Improved intraocular irrigating solutions are described. The solutions have enhanced viscosities that reduce the risk of damage to intraocular surgical procedures by reducing the turbulence of the solutions and dampening the movement of tissue fragments and air bubbles. The solutions preferably also have modified surface tensions that more closely resemble the surface tension of the aqueous humor.
Inventor(s): Shah; Mandar V. (Arlington, TX), Boukhny; Mikhail (Laguna Niguel, CA), Garner; William H. (Southlake, TX), Markwardt; Kerry L. (Mansfield, TX), Doshi; Uday (Randolph, NJ)
Assignee: Alcon, Inc. (Hunenberg, CH)
Application Number:10/240,449
Patent Claims: 1. An ophthalmic pharmaceutical composition for irrigating ocular tissues during an intraocular surgical procedure, comprising a balanced salt solution and an amount of a viscosity-adjusting agent sufficient to provide the composition with a viscosity of 2 to 7 cps, said composition having a surface tension of 40 to 60 dynes/cm.

2. A composition according to claim 1, wherein the viscosity-adjusting agent is selected from the group consisting of proteoglycans, cellulose derivatives, collagen or modified collagen, galactomannans, xanthan gums, gellan gums, alginate, chitosans, polyvinyl alcohol, and carboxyvinyl polymers.

3. A composition according to claim 2, wherein the viscosity-adjusting agent comprises a cellulose derivative.

4. A composition according to claim 3, wherein the viscosity-adjusting agent comprises hydroxypropyl methylcellulose.

5. A composition according to claim 4, wherein the concentration of hydroxypropyl methylcellulose in the composition is 0.1 to 1.0 w/v %.

6. A composition according to claim 5, wherein the concentration of hydroxypropyl methylcellulose in the composition is 0.1 to 0.3 w/v %.

7. A composition according to claim 6, wherein the concentration of hydroxypropyl methylcellulose in the composition is 0.2 to 0.3 w/v %.

8. A composition according to any one of claims 1 to 7, wherein the balanced salt solution is an electrolyte/nutrient solution.

9. A method of irrigating intraocular tissues during an ophthalmic surgical procedure, which comprises bathing the intraocular tissues with an irrigating solution containing an amount of a viscosity-adjusting agent sufficient to provide the solution with a viscosity of 2 to 7 cps, whereby the turbulence of the solution during the surgical procedure is reduced.

10. A method according to claim 9, wherein the viscosity-adjusting agent is selected from the group consisting of proteoglycans, cellulose derivatives, collagen or modified collagen, galactomannans, xanthan gums, gellan gums, alginate, chitosans, polyvinyl alcohol, and carboxyvinyl polymers.

11. A method according to claim 10, wherein the viscosity-adjusting agent comprises a cellulose derivative.

12. A method according to claim 11, wherein the viscosity-adjusting agent comprises hydroxypropyl methyl cellulose.

13. A method according to claim 12, wherein the concentration of hydroxypropyl methylcellulose in the solution is 0.1 to 1.0 w/v %.

14. A method according to claim 13, wherein the concentration of hydroxypropyl methylcellulose in the solution is 0.1 to 0.3 w/v %.

15. A method according to claim 14, wherein the concentration of hydroxypropyl methylcellulose in the solution is 0.2 to 0.3 w/v %.

16. A method according to any one of claims 9 to 15, wherein the irrigating solution has a surface tension of 40 to 60 dynes/cm.

17. A method according to any one of claims 9 to 15, wherein the irrigating solution is an electrolyte/nutrient solution.
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