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Claims for Patent: 7,081,250

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Claims for Patent: 7,081,250

Title:Compositions and methods for minimizing adverse drug experiences associated with oxybutynin therapy
Abstract:The present invention provides compositions and methods for administering oxybutynin while minimizing the incidence and or severity of adverse drug experiences associated with oxybutynin therapy. In one aspect, these compositions and methods provide a lower plasma concentration of oxybutynin metabolites, such as N-desethyloxybutynin, which is presumed to be contributing at least in part to some of the adverse drug experiences, while maintaining sufficient oxybutynin plasma concentration to benefit a subject with oxybutynin therapy. The invention also provides isomers of oxybutynin and its metabolites that meet these characteristics of minimized incidence and/or severity of adverse drug experiences, and maintenance of beneficial and effective therapy for overactive bladder.
Inventor(s): Sanders; Steven W. (Salt Lake City, UT), Ebert; Charles D. (Salt Lake City, UT)
Assignee: Watson Laboratories, Inc. (Salt Lake City, UT)
Application Number:10/731,040
Patent Claims: 1. A method of treating with oxybutynin a human subject having overactive bladder, while minimizing an anticholinergic or antimuscarinic adverse drug experience associated with said oxybutynin treatment therapy comprising the step of: administering as a transdermal patch, a composition comprising oxybutynin to said subject to provide a plasma area under the curve (AUC) ratio of oxybutynin to an oxybutynin metabolite of from about 0.5:1 to about 5:1, wherein the metabolite of oxybutynin is N-desethyloxybutynin, and wherein the transdermal patch includes an effective amount of a permeation enhancer selected from the group consisting essentially of: fatty acids, fatty acid esters, fatty alcohols, fatty acid esters of lactic acid or glycolic acid, glycerol di-and monoesters, short chain alcohols, and mixtures thereof.

2. The method of claim 1, wherein the AUC ratio of oxybutynin to an oxybutynin metabolite is from about 1:1 to about 5:1.

3. The method of claim 2, wherein the AUC ratio of oxybutynin to an oxybutynin metabolite is from about 0.8:1 to about 1.5:1.

4. The method of claim 1, wherein the N-desethyloxybutynin is (R)-N-desethyloxybutynin, (S)-N-desethyloxybutynin or a combination thereof.

5. The method of claim 1, wherein the oxybutynin is a mixture of R-oxybutynin and S-oxybutynin.

6. The method of claim 5, wherein the oxybutynin is R-oxybutynin.

7. The method of claim 1, wherein the enhancer is a fatty acid.

8. The method of claim 1, wherein the enhancer is a fatty acid ester.

9. The method of claim 1, wherein the enhancer is a fatty alcohol.

10. The method of claim 1, wherein the enhancer is a short chain alcohol.

11. The method of claim 1, wherein the enhancer is a glycerol monoester.

12. An article of manufacture for transdermal application comprising: a transdermal patch including a composition of oxybutynin and an effective amount of a permeation enhancer selected from the group consisting essentially of: fatty acids, fatty acid esters, fatty alcohols, fatty acid esters of lactic acid or glycolic acid, glycerol di- and monoesters, short chain alcohols, and mixtures thereof, for administration to a human subject, wherein the patch provides, upon administration to said subject, a plasma AUC ratio of oxybutynin to an oxybutynin metabolite from about 0.5:1 to about 5:1, wherein the metabolite of oxybutynin is N-desethyloxybutynin, and wherein said patch minimizes an anticholinergic or antimuscarinic adverse drug experience associated with the administration of oxybutynin.

13. The article of manufacture of claim 12, wherein the AUC ratio of oxybutynin to an oxybutynin metabolite is from about 1:1 to about 5:1.

14. The article of manufacture of claim 13, wherein the AUC ratio of oxybutynin to an oxybutynin metabolite is from about 0.8:1 to about 1.5:1.

15. The article of manufacture of claim 12, wherein the N-desethyloxybutynin is (R)-N-desethyloxybutynin, (S)-N-desethyloxybutynin or a combination thereof.

16. The article of manufacture of claim 12, wherein the oxybutynin is a mixture of R-oxybutynin and S-oxybutynin.

17. The article of manufacture of claim 16, wherein the oxybutynin is R-oxybutynin.

18. The article of manufacture of claim 12, wherein the enhancer is a fatty acid.

19. The article of manufacture of claim 12, wherein the enhancer is a fatty acid ester.

20. The article of manufacture of claim 12, wherein the enhancer is a fatty alcohol.

21. The article of manufacture of claim 12, wherein the enhancer is a short chain alcohol.

22. The article of manufacture of claim 12, wherein the enhancer is a glycerol monoester.
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