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Claims for Patent: 7,081,249

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Claims for Patent: 7,081,249

Title:Compositions and methods for minimizing adverse drug experiences associated with oxybutynin therapy
Abstract:The present invention provides compositions and methods for administering oxybutynin while minimizing the incidence and or severity of adverse drug experiences associated with oxybutynin therapy. In one aspect, these compositions and methods provide a lower plasma concentration of oxybutynin metabolites, such as N-desethyloxybutynin, which is presumed to be contributing at least in part to some of the adverse drug experiences, while maintaining sufficient oxybutynin plasma concentration to benefit a subject with oxybutynin therapy. The invention also provides isomers of oxybutynin and its metabolites that meet these characteristics of minimized incidence and/or severity of adverse drug experiences, and maintenance of beneficial and effective therapy for overactive bladder.
Inventor(s): Sanders; Steven W. (Salt Lake City, UT), Ebert; Charles D. (Salt Lake City, UT)
Assignee: Watson Laboratories, Inc. (Salt Lake City, UT)
Application Number:10/731,039
Patent Claims: 1. A method of treating with oxybutynin a human subject having overactive bladder, while minimizing an anticholinergic or antimuscarinic adverse drug experience associated with said oxybutynin treatment therapy comprising the step of: administering as a transdermal patch, a composition comprising oxybutynin to said subject to provide a plasma area under the curve (AUC) ratio of oxybutynin to an oxybutynin metabolite of from about 0.5:1 to about 5:1 with a peak oxybutynin metabolite plasma concentration of less than about 8 ng/ml, wherein the metabolite of oxybutynin is N-desethyloxybutynin, and wherein the transdermal patch optionally includes a permeation enhancer.

2. The method of claim 1, wherein the AUC ratio of oxybutynin to an oxybutynin metabolite is from about 1:1 to about 5:1.

3. The method of claim 2, wherein the AUC ratio of oxybutynin to an oxybutynin metabolite is from about 0.8:1 to about 1.5:1.

4. The method of claim 1, wherein the N-desethyloxybutynin is (R)-N-desethyloxybutynin, (S)-N-desethyloxybutynin or a combination thereof.

5. The method of claim 1, wherein the oxybutynin is a mixture of R-oxybutynin and S-oxybutynin.

6. The method of claim 5, wherein the oxybutynin is R-oxybutynin.

7. The method of claim 1, wherein the peak metabolite plasma concentration is less than about 5 ng/ml.

8. The method of claim 1, wherein the oxybutynin metabolite is N-desethyloxybutynin and the N-desethyloxybutynin plasma concentrations are below about 2.0 ng/ml at about 6 hours after administration.

9. The method of claim 1, wherein the oxybutynin metabolite is N-desethyloxybutynin and oxybutynin and N-desethyloxybutynin plasma concentrations are below about 8 ng/ml at about 24 hours after initial administration.

10. The method of 9, wherein the oxybutynin wherein the metabolite is N-desethyloxybutynin and at steady state, the oxybutynin and N-desethyloxybutynin plasma concentrations are below about 8 ng/ml for the duration of administration.

11. The method of any of claims 1 10 wherein the transdermal patch is administered for a duration of from about 24 to about 96 hours.

12. The method of claim 11, wherein the duration of administration is between 72 and 96 hours.

13. The method of claim 12, wherein the duration of administration is 72 hours.

14. The method of claim 12, wherein the duration of administration is 84 hours.

15. The method of any of claims 1 10, wherein the transdermal patch has a size of from 13 cm.sup.2 to 39 cm.sup.2.

16. The method of claim 15, wherein the patch size is 13 cm.sup.2.

17. The method of claim 15, wherein the patch size is 39 cm.sup.2.

18. The method of claim 15, further comprising the step of concurrently administering multiple patches to the subject.

19. The method of claim 18, wherein the plurality of patches is a plurality of 13 cm.sup.2 patches.

20. An article of manufacture for transdermal application comprising: a transdermal patch including a composition of oxybutynin and optionally a permeation enhancer for administration to a human subject, wherein the patch provides upon administration, a plasma AUC ratio of oxybutynin to an oxybutynin metabolite from about 0.5:1 to about 5:1 with a peak oxybutynin metabolite concentration of about 8 ng/ml, wherein the metabolite of oxybutynin is N-desethyloxybutynin, and wherein said patch minimizes an anticholinergic or antimuscarinic adverse drug experience associated with the administration of oxybutynin.

21. The article of manufacture of claim 20, wherein the AUC ratio of oxybutynin to an oxybutynin metabolite is from about 1:1 to about 5:1.

22. The article of manufacture of claim 21, wherein the AUC ratio of oxybutynin to an oxybutynin metabolite is from about 0.8:1 to about 1.5:1.

23. The article of manufacture of claim 20, wherein the N-desethyloxybutynin is (R)-N-desethyloxybutynin, (S)-N-desethyloxybutynin or a combination thereof.

24. The article of manufacture of claim 21, wherein the oxybutynin is a mixture of R-oxybutynin and S-oxybutynin.

25. The article of manufacture of claim 24, wherein the oxybutynin is R-oxybutynin.

26. The article of manufacture of claim 20, wherein the peak oxybutynin metabolite concentration is about 5 ng/ml.

27. The article of manufacture of claim 20, wherein the oxybutynin metabolite is N-desethyloxybutynin and the N-desethyloxybutynin plasma concentrations are below about 2.0 ng/ml at about 6 hours after administration.

28. The article of manufacture of claim 20, wherein the oxybutynin metabolite is N-desethyloxybutynin and oxybutynin and N-desethyloxybutynin plasma concentrations are below about 8 ng/ml at about 24 hours after initial administration.

29. The article of manufacture of 28, wherein the oxybutynin wherein the metabolite is N-desethyloxybutynin and at steady state, the oxybutynin and N-desethyloxybutynin plasma concentrations are below about 8 ng/ml for the duration of administration.

30. The article of manufacture of any of claims 20 29 wherein the transdermal patch is administered for a duration of from about 24 to about 96 hours.

31. The article of manufacture of claim 30, wherein the duration of administration is between 72 and 96 hours.

32. The article of manufacture of claim 31, wherein the duration of administration is 72 hours.

33. The article of manufacture of claim 12, wherein the duration of administration is 84 hours.

34. The article of manufacture of any of claims 1 10, wherein the transdermal patch has a size of from 13 cm.sup.2 to 39 cm.sup.2.

35. The article of manufacture of claim 34, wherein the patch size is 13 cm.sup.2.

36. The article of manufacture of claim 34, wherein the patch size is 39 cm.sup.2.

37. The article of manufacture of claim 34, further comprising the step of concurrently administering multiple patches to the subject.

38. The article of manufacture of claim 37, wherein the plurality of patches is a plurality of 13 cm.sup.2 patches.

39. A method of treating with oxybutynin a human subject having overactive bladder, while minimizing an anticholinergic or antimuscarinic adverse drug experience associated with said oxybutynin treatment therapy comprising the step of: administering as a transdermal patch having a size of from 13 cm.sup.2 to 39 cm.sup.2 a composition comprising oxybutynin to said subject for a duration of from about 24 to about 96 hours to provide a plasma area under the curve (AUC) ratio of oxybutynin to an oxybutynin metabolite of from about 0.5:1 to about 5:1 with a peak oxybutynin metabolite plasma concentration of less than about 8 ng/ml, wherein the transdermal patch includes an effective amount of a permeation enhancer selected from the group consisting essentially of: fatty acids, fatty acid esters, fatty alcohols, fatty acid esters of lactic acid or glycolic acid, glycerol di- and monoesters, short chain alcohols, and mixtures thereof.
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