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Claims for Patent: 7,081,246

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Claims for Patent: 7,081,246

Title:Stable hydroalcoholic compositions
Abstract:A hydroalcoholic lotion is disclosed which comprises (a) a lower alcohol and water in a weight ratio of about 35:65 to 100:0, and (b) between at least 0.5% and 8% by weight thickener system comprised of at least one emulsifier present in at least 0.05% by weight wherein the composition in a polymer free state has a viscosity of at least 4,000 centipoise at 23 degrees C. and wherein the emulsifier is comprised of at least one hydrophobic group and at least one hydrophilic group. The hydroalcoholic composition is useful as a hand preparation such as a lotion or as a presurgical scrub replacement.
Inventor(s): Asmus; Robert A. (Hudson, WI), Scholz; Matthew T. (Woodbury, MN), Charpentier; Jill R. (Minnetonka, MN)
Assignee: 3M Innovative Properties Company (St. Paul, MN)
Application Number:10/655,454
Patent Claims: 1. A composition comprising: a) a lower alcohol and water in a weight ratio of about 60:40 to about 100:0; and b) at least one emulsifier in an amount of at least about 0.05% by weight, based on the total weight of the composition; wherein the emulsifier comprises: (i) at least one hydrophobic group selected from the group of: (A) an alkyl group of at least 24 carbon atoms; (B) an alkenyl group of at least 24 carbon atoms; and (C) an aralkyl or an aralkenyl group of at least 24 carbon atoms; and (ii) at least one hydrophilic group selected from the group of: (A) an ethylene oxide- and/or propylene oxide-containing group bonded to the hydrophobic group through an ether or ester bond and optionally terminated with a (C1 C36)alkyl ester, (C2 C36)alkenyl ester, or (C6 C36)alkaryl ester; (B) an alcohol group; (C) a polyhydric alcohol group; (D) an ester or ether group of a polyhydric alcohol or polyalkoxylated derivative thereof; (E) an ester or ether group of sorbitan or polyalkoxylated derivative thereof having 2 150 moles of alkylene oxide per mole of hydrophobic group; and (F) combinations thereof.

2. The composition of claim 1 wherein the composition has a melt temperature of greater than about 25.degree. C.

3. The composition of claim 1 wherein the composition has a viscosity of at least about 25.5 centipoise at 23.degree. C.

4. The composition of claim 3 wherein the composition has a viscosity of at least about 103.5 centipoise at 23.degree. C.

5. The composition of claim 4 wherein the composition has a viscosity of at least about 3150 centipoise at 23.degree. C.

6. The composition of claim 1 further comprising at least one emollient distinct from the emulsifier.

7. The composition of claim 1 further comprising an antimicrobial agent distinct from the lower alcohol.

8. The composition of claim 1 further comprising a therapeutic agent.

9. The composition of claim 1 wherein the emulsifier includes at least two hydrophobic groups.

10. The composition of claim 1 comprising at least two emulsifiers.

11. A composition comprising: a) a hydroalcoholic solvent comprising a lower alcohol and water in a weight ratio of about 60:40 to about 75:25; and b) an emulsifier system comprised of at least one emulsifier in an amount of at least about 0.05% by weight, based on the total weight of the composition; wherein the emulsifier comprises: (i) at least one hydrophobic group selected from the group of: (A) an alkyl group of at least 16 carbon atoms; (B) an alkenyl group of at least 16 carbon atoms; and (C) an aralkyl or an aralkenyl group of at least 20 carbon atoms; and (ii) at least one hydrophilic group selected from the group of: (A) an ethylene oxide- and/or propylene oxide-containing group bonded to the hydrophobic group through an ether or ester bond and optionally terminated with a (C1 C36)alkyl ester, (C2 C36)alkenyl ester, or (C6 C36)alkaryl ester; (B) an alcohol group; (C) a polyhydric alcohol group; (D) an ester or ether group of a polyhydric alcohol or polyalkoxylated derivative thereof; (E) an ester or ether group of sorbitan or polyalkoxylated derivative thereof having 2 150 moles of alkylene oxide per mole of hydrophobic group; and (F) combinations thereof; wherein: the emulsifier system has a weight average hydrophile/lipophile balance of about 4 to about 16; the composition has a melt temperature of greater than about 35.degree. C.; and the composition is stable.

12. The composition of claim 11 wherein the composition has a viscosity of at least about 103.5 centipoise at 23.degree. C.

13. The composition of claim 12 wherein the composition has a viscosity of at least about 3150 centipoise at 23.degree. C.

14. The composition of claim 11 further comprising at least one emollient distinct from the emulsifier.

15. The composition of claim 11 further comprising an antimicrobial agent distinct from the lower alcohol.

16. The composition of claim 11 further comprising a therapeutic agent.

17. The composition of claim 11 wherein the emulsifier includes at least two hydrophobic groups.

18. The composition of claim 11 comprising at least two emulsifiers.

19. A method of maintaining or improving skin condition, the method comprising applying to skin the composition of claim 1.

20. A method of maintaining or improving skin condition, the method comprising applying to skin the composition of claim 11.

21. A method of delivering a fragrance to skin, the method comprising applying to skin the composition of claim 1.

22. A method of delivering a fragrance to skin, the method comprising applying to skin the composition of claim 11.
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