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Claims for Patent: 7,056,500

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Claims for Patent: 7,056,500

Title:Polymer conjugates of opioid antagonists
Abstract: The invention provides polymer conjugates of opioid antagonists comprising a polymer, such as poly(ethylene glycol), covalently attached to an opioid antagonist. The linkage between the polymer and the opioid antagonist is preferably hydrolytically stable. The invention also includes a method of treating one or more side effects associated with the use of opioid analgesics, such as constipation, nausea, or pruritus, by administering a polymer conjugate of the invention.
Inventor(s): Bentley; Michael David (Huntsville, AL), Roberts; Michael James (Williamsburg, VA), Shen; Xiaoming (Madison, AL), Cheng; Lin (Huntsville, AL)
Assignee: Nektar Therapeutics AL, Corporation (Huntsville, AL)
Application Number:10/274,296
Patent Claims: 1. A pharmaceutical composition, comprising: a polymer conjugate comprising a water soluble and non-peptidic polymer covalently attached to an opioid antagonist, wherein the molecular weight of the polymer is less than about 2,000 Da, and a pharmaceutically acceptable carrier a pharmaceutically acceptable carrier, wherein the polymer conjugate has the structure: ##STR00010## wherein: POLY is the water soluble and non-peptidic polymer; X is a hydrolytically stable linkage; Y is selected from the group consisting of C1 C6 alkyl, substituted C1 C6 alkyl, C3 C6 cycloalkyl, substituted C3 C6 cycloalkyl, C2 C6 alkenyl, substituted C2 C6 alkenyl, alkenyl, C2 C6 alkynyl, substituted C1 C6 alkynyl, aryl, substituted aryl, heteroaryl, substituted heteroaryl, heterocylce, and substituted heterocycle; Z is H or OH; and, the dashed line represents an optional double bond.

2. The pharmaceutical composition of claim 1, wherein the polymer is selected from the group consisting of poly(alkylene glycol), poly(oxyethylated polyol), poly(olefinic alcohol), poly(vinylpyrrolidone), poly(hydroxyalkylmethacrylamide), poly(hydroxyalkylmethacrylate), poly(saccharides), poly(.alpha.-hydroxy acid), poly(vinyl alcohol), polyphosphazene, polyoxazoline, poly(N-acryloylmorpholine), poly(acrylic acid), carboxymethyl cellulose, hyaluronic acid, hydroxypropylmethyl cellulose and copolymers, terpolymers, and mixtures thereof.

3. The pharmaceutical composition of claim 1, wherein the polymer is poly(ethylene glycol).

4. The pharmaceutical composition of claim 1, wherein the polymer is poly(acrylic acid).

5. The pharmaceutical composition of claim 1, wherein the water soluble and non-peptidic polymer is covalently attached via a hydrolytically stable linkage to the opioid antagonist.

6. The pharmaceutical composition of claim 5, wherein the hydrolytically stable linkage is selected from the group consisting of amide, amine, carbamate, sulfide, ether, thioether, and urea.

7. The pharmaceutical composition of claim 1, wherein the molecular weight of the polymer is less than about 1,000 Da.

8. The pharmaceutical composition of claim 1, wherein the molecular weight of the polymer is less than about 800 Da.

9. The pharmaceutical composition of claim 1, wherein Y is selected from the group consisting of allyl, (cyclobutyl)methyl, and (cyclopropyl)methyl.

10. The pharmaceutical composition of claim 1, wherein X is --NH--(CHR.sub.0).sub.m--O-- or --NH--C(O)--(CHR.sub.0).sub.n--O--, m is 1 12, and each R.sub.0 is independently H or C1 C6 alkyl.

11. The pharmaceutical composition of claim 1, further comprising an opioid agonist.

12. The pharmaceutical composition of claim 11, wherein the opioid agonist is selected from the group consisting of alfentanil, bremazocine, buprenorphine, butorphanol, codeine, cyclazocine, dezocine, diacetylmorphine, dihydrocodeine, fentanyl, hydrocodone, hydromorphone, levorphanol, meperidine (pethidine), methadone, morphine, nalbuphine, noscapine, oxycodone, oxymorphone, papaverine, pentazocine, pethidine, phenazocine, propiram, propoxyphene, sufentanil, thebaine and tramadol.

13. A method of treating a side effect resulting from the administration of an opioid agonist to a mammal, wherein the side effect is selected from the the group consisting of nausea, constipation, and puritus said method comprising administering to the mammal a therapeutically effective amount the composition of claim 1.

14. The method of claim 13, wherein the polymer conjugate is administered orally.

15. The method of claim 13, wherein the polymer conjugate is administered conjointly with the opioid agonist.

16. The method of claim 15, wherein the polymer conjugate and the opioid agonist are formulated in a single dosage unit.

17. A polymer conjugate comprising a water soluble and non-peptidic polymer covalently attached to an opioid antagonist, wherein said water soluble and non-peptidic polymer has a molecular weight of less than about 2,000 Da a pharmaceutically acceptable carrier, wherein the polymer conjugate has the structure: ##STR00011## wherein: POLY is the water soluble and non-peptidic polymer; X is a hydrolytically stable linkage; Y is selected from the group consisting of C1 C6 alkyl, substituted C1 C6 alkyl, C3 C6 cycloalkyl, substituted C3 C6 cycloalkyl, C2 C6 alkenyl, substituted C2 C6 alkenyl, alkenyl, C2 C6 alkynyl, substituted C1 C6 alkynyl, aryl, substituted aryl, heteroaryl, substituted heteroaryl, heterocylce, and substituted heterocycle; Z is H or OH; and, the dashed line represents an optional double bond.

18. The polymer conjugate of claim 17, wherein the polymer is poly(ethylene glycol).

19. The polymer conjugate of claim 17, wherein said polymer is linear or branched.
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