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Claims for Patent: 7,033,605

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Claims for Patent: 7,033,605

Title:Methods for reducing or preventing transplant rejection in the eye and intraocular implants for use therefor
Abstract:Methods for reducing or preventing transplant rejection in the eye of an individual are described, comprising: a) performing an ocular transplant procedure; and b) implanting in the eye a bioerodible drug delivery system comprising an immunosuppressive agent and a bioerodible polymer.
Inventor(s): Wong; Vernon G. (Menlo Park, CA)
Assignee: Allergan, Inc. (Irvine, CA)
Application Number:10/744,560
Patent Claims: 1. A method for preventing transplant rejection in an eye of an individual, comprising: a) performing an ocular transplant procedure on an eye of an individual, and b) implanting in the eye a bioerodible drug delivery system comprising a steroidal immunosuppressive agent and a bioerodible polymer, the steroidal immunosuppressive agent being effective in preventing transplant rejection when released into the eye from the drug delivery system.

2. An intraocular, bioerodible drug delivery system comprising particles of a drug effective when released into an eye of an individual who has undergone or is undergoing an ocular transplant procedure in reducing or preventing ocular transplant rejection, a polylactic acid polyglycolic acid (PLGA) copolymer, and including no added release modifier, wherein the system is effective in releasing the drug into the eye over a period of at least about 3 weeks in an amount effective in reducing or preventing ocular transplant rejection, wherein the intraocular bioerodible drug delivery system is a single pellet or a single extruded filament.

3. The drug delivery system of claim 2, wherein the drug is present as particles in the bioerodible polymer.

4. The drug delivery system of claim 2, wherein the drug is an immunosuppressive agent.

5. The drug delivery system of claim 4, wherein the immunosuppressive agent is selected from the group consisting of dexamethasone, cyclosporine A, azathioprine, brequinar, gusperimus, 6-mercaptopurine, mizoribine, rapamycin, tacrolimus (FK-506), denopterin, edatrexate, methotrexate, piritrexim, pteropterin, raltitrexed, trimetrexate, cladribine, fludarabine, 6-mercaptopurine, thiamiprine, thiaguanine, ancitabine, azacitidine, 6-azauridine, carmofur, cytarabine, doxifluridine, emitefur, enocitabine, fluxuridine, fluorouracil, gemcitabine, egafur, flucinolone, triamcinolone, anecortave acetate, fluorometholone, medrysone, and prednisolone.

6. The drug delivery system of claim 4, wherein the immunosuppressive agent is dexamethasone.

7. The drug delivery system of claim 4, wherein the immunosuppressive agent is cyclosporine A.

8. The drug delivery system of claim 2, which is effective when implanted into an anterior chamber of an eye of an individual who has undergone or is undergoing an ocular transplant procedure to reduce or prevent ocular transplant rejection.

9. The drug delivery system of claim 2, which is effective when implanted into a vitreous cavity of an eye of an individual who has undergone or is undergoing an ocular transplant procedure to reduce or prevent ocular transplant rejection.

10. The drug delivery system of claim 2, wherein the drug is present in an amount in a range of about 10% to 90% by weight.

11. The drug delivery system of claim 2, wherein the drug is present in an amount in a range of about 50% to about 80% by weight.

12. The drug delivery system of claim 2, wherein the bioerodible polymer is a polyester.

13. An intraocular, bioerodible drug delivery system comprising dexamethasone effective when released into an eye of an individual who has undergone or is undergoing an ocular transplant procedure to reduce or prevent ocular transplant rejection, and a bioerodible copolymer, and including no release modifier, wherein the dexamethasone is present as particles in the bioerodible copolymer, wherein the intraocular, bioerodible drug delivery system is a single pellet or a single extruded filament.

14. The drug delivery system of claim 13, which can be implanted in an eye of an individual who has undergone or is undergoing an ocular transplant procedure to release dexamethasone in the eye over a period of at least about 3 weeks in an amount effective to reduce or prevent ocular transplant rejection.

15. The drug delivery system of claim 13, which can be implanted into an anterior chamber of an eye of an individual who has undergone or is undergoing an ocular transplant procedure to reduce or prevent ocular transplant rejection.

16. The drug delivery system of claim 13, which can be implanted into a vitreous cavity of an eye of an individual who has undergone or is undergoing an ocular tranplant procedure to reduce or prevent ocular transplant rejection.

17. The drug delivery system of claim 13, wherein dexamethasone is present in an amount in a range of about 10% to 90% by weight.

18. The drug delivery system of claim 13, wherein dexamethasone is present in an amount in a range of about 50% to 80% by weight.

19. The drug delivery system of claim 13, wherein the bioerodible copolymer is a polyester.

20. The drug delivery system of claim 13, wherein the bioerodible copolymer is a polyactic acid polyglycolic acid (PLGA) copolymer.

21. An intraocular, bioerodible drug delivery system comprising a steroid effective in preventing or reducing neovascularization in an eye prone to neovascularization, and a polyactic acid polyglycolic acid (PLGA) copolymer thereby forming an implant for placement in the interior of an eye prone to neovascularization.

22. The drug delivery system of claim 21 wherein the steroid is dexamethasone.

23. The drug delivery system of claim 21 which includes no release modifier.

24. The drug delivery system of claim 21, wherein the steroid comprises about 10% to 90% of the weight of the drug delivery system.

25. The drug delivery system of claim 21, wherein the steroid is the sole active ingredient for preventing or reducing said neovascularization.

26. An intraocular, bioerodible drug delivery system comprising a steroid effective in preventing or reducing neovascularization in an eye prone to neovascularization, and a polylactic acid polyglycolic acid (PLGA) copolymer.

27. The intraocular, bioerodible drug delivery system of claim 26, wherein the steroid comprises about 50% to about 80% by weight of the drug delivery system.

28. The intraocular, bioerodible drug delivery system of claim 26 wherein the steroid is present as particles homogenously distributed in the bioerodible polymer.

29. The drug delivery system of claim 26, wherein the implant can be placed in the vitreous of the eye.

30. The drug delivery system of claim 21, wherein the steroid is an anti-inflammatory steroid.

31. A method for treating neovascularization in an eye of an individual, comprising: implanting in an eye prone to neovascularization a bioerodible drug delivery system comprising an immunosuppressive agent and a polyactic acid polyglycolic acid (PLGA) copolymer.

32. An intraocular, bioerodible drug delivery system comprising particles of a drug, a polyactic acid polyglycolic acid (PLGA) copolymer, wherein the system is effective in releasing the drug into the eye over a period of at least about 3 weeks, and wherein the intraocular, bioerodible drug delivery system is a single pellet or a single extruded filament.
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