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Claims for Patent: 7,011,815

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Claims for Patent: 7,011,815

Title:Diagnostic imaging contrast agents with extended blood retention
Abstract:The present invention relates to contrast agents for diagnostic imaging with prolonged blood retention. In particular, this invention relates to novel compounds that are characterized by an image enhancing moiety (IEM); a protein plasma binding moiety (PPBM); and a blood half-life extending moiety (BHEM). This invention also relates to pharmaceutical compositions comprising these compounds and to methods of using the compounds and compositions for blood half-life extension and contrast enhancement of diagnostic imaging.
Inventor(s): McMurry; Thomas J. (Winchester, MA), Sijiki; Hironao (Gifu, JP), Scott; Daniel M. (Acton, MA), Lauffer; Randall B. (Brookline, MA)
Assignee: Epix Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (Cambridge, MA)
Application Number:10/354,723
Patent Claims: 1. A method of MR imaging of a mammal, said method comprising the steps of: (a) administering to said mammal a contrast agent or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, said contrast agent having the formula: IEM-[L.sub.m-{BHEM.sub.s-PPBM.sub.o}.sub.p].sub.q, wherein m, s, o, p, and q are one; wherein said IEM is an image enhancing moiety selected from the group consisting of: ##STR00028## wherein one of R.sub.1 R.sub.11 is -[L.sub.m-{BHEM.sub.s-PPBM.sub.o}.sub.p] and the R.sub.1 R.sub.11 groups that are not -[L.sub.m-{BHEM.sub.s-PPBM.sub.o}.sub.p] are hydrogen; wherein R.sub.12, R.sub.13, and R.sub.14 can be the same or different and are selected from the group consisting of O.sup.- and NH.sub.2; wherein R.sub.15 is H, CH.sub.2CH(OH)CH.sub.3, hydroxy alkyl, or CH.sub.2COR.sub.12; wherein said M is a paramagnetic metal ion selected from the group consisting of Gd(III), Fe(III), Mn(II), Mn(III), Cr(III), Cu(II), Dy(III), Tb(III), Ho(III), Er(III), and Eu(III); wherein said L is a linker consisting of 1 to 4 --CH.sub.2-- groups; wherein said BHEM is a phosphodiester moiety; and wherein said PPBM is an HSA binding moiety; and (b) subjecting said mammal to MR imaging.

2. The method of claim 1, wherein said pharmaceutically acceptable salt is selected from N-methyl-D-glucamine, calcium, and sodium.

3. The method according to claim 1, wherein said mammal is a hiunan.

4. The method according to claim 1, wherein said MR imaging comprises imaging at least a portion of the vasculature of said mammal.

5. The method according to claim 1, wherein a portion of said imaging occurs 10 minutes or later after administration of said contrast agent.

6. The method according to claim 1, wherein said contrast agent is administered to said mammal at a concentration between about 0.001 to about 1 mmol/kg body weight.

7. The method according to claim 6, wherein said contrast agent is administered to said mammal at a concentration between about 0.005 to about 0.05 mmnol/kg body weight.

8. The method according to claim 1, wherein said contrast agent is selected from the group consisting of MS-315, MS-317, MS-321, MS-322, MS-325, MS-326, MS-327, and MS-328.

9. The method according to claim 1, wherein said imaging of said mammal comprises imaging a tumor of said mammal.

10. The method according to claim 1, wherein said imaging of said mammal comprises imaging the brain of said mammal.

11. The method according to claim 10, wherein said imaging of said brain comprises imaging the blood-brain barrier of said brain.

12. The method according to claim 10, wherein said imaging of said brain occurs when said mammal is undergoing cognitive events.
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