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Claims for Patent: 6,500,867

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Claims for Patent: 6,500,867

Title: Pharmaceutical composition comprising entacapone, levodopa, and carbidopa
Abstract:An oral solid fixed dose composition comprising pharmacologically effective amounts of entacapone, levodopa, and carbidopa, or pharmaceutically acceptable salts or hydrates thereof, and comprising at least one pharmaceutically acceptable excipient. The composition can be used, e.g., for the treatment of Parkinson's disease.
Inventor(s): Virkki; Matti (Masala, FI), Vahervuo; Kari (Espoo, FI), Ritala; Marja (Espoo, FI), Partanen; Marja (Espoo, FI), Niskanen; Mervi (Espoo, FI), Lintulaakso; Jarmo (Espoo, FI), Laaksonen; Marja (Masala, FI), Kervinen; Lasse (Helsinki, FI), Kallioinen; Sari (Espoo, FI)
Assignee: Orion Corporation (Espoo, FI)
Application Number:09/605,529
Patent Claims: 1. An oral solid tablet composition comprising pharmacologically effective amounts of entacapone, levodopa and carbidopa, or pharmaceutically acceptable salts or hydrates thereof, and a pharmaceutically acceptable excipient, wherein a substantial portion of carbidopa or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt or hydrate thereof is separated from entacapone and levodopa or pharmaceutically acceptable salts or hydrates thereof in the tablet.

2. The composition according to claim 1, wherein entacapone and levodopa or pharmaceutically acceptable salts or hydrates thereof are in the form of granules and carbidopa or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt or hydrate thereof is in powder form.

3. The composition according to claim 1, wherein entacapone and levodopa or pharmaceutically acceptable salts or hydrates thereof are in the form of first granules and carbidopa or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt or hydrate thereof is in the form of second granules.

4. A method of treating Parkinson's disease which comprises administering to a host in need of the treatment a composition according to claim 1.

5. An oral solid tablet composition comprising pharmacologically effective amounts of entacapone, levodopa and carbidopa, or pharmaceutically acceptable salts or hydrates thereof, wherein a substantial portion of the carbidopa or pharmaceutically acceptable salt or hydrate thereof is separated from the entacapone and levodopa or pharmaceutically acceptable salts or hydrates thereof in the tablet, and comprising at least one pharmaceutically acceptable excipient being a sugar alcohol or starch, or a sugar alcohol and starch.

6. The composition according to claim 5, wherein the sugar alcohol is mannitol.

7. The composition according to claim 5, wherein the starch is maize starch.

8. The composition according to claim 5, wherein the composition further comprises a hydrogenated vegetable oil.

9. The composition according to claim 8, wherein the hydrogenated vegetable oil is a hydrogenated castor oil.

10. The composition according to claim 5, wherein the composition further comprises a disintegrant.

11. The composition according to claim 10, wherein the disintegrant is croscarmellose sodium.

12. A stable oral solid tablet composition comprising pharmacologically effective amounts of entacapone, levodopa and carbidopa, or pharmaceutically acceptable salts or hydrates thereof, wherein a substantial portion of the carbidopa or pharmaceutically acceptable salt or hydrate thereof is separated from the entacapone and levodopa or pharmaceutically acceptable salts or hydrates thereof in the tablet, and comprising at least one pharmaceutically acceptable excipient other than microcrystalline cellulose.

13. A method for preparing an oral solid tablet composition comprising entacapone, levodopa, and carbidopa, or pharmaceutically acceptable salts or hydrates thereof, which comprises adding carbidopa in powder form or in granule form, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt or hydrate thereof, separately to the remainder of the composition to result in a substantial portion of the carbidopa or salt or hydrate thereof being separated from the entacapone and levodopa or salts or hydrates thereof in the tablet.

14. A method for preparing an oral solid tablet composition comprising entacapone, levodopa, and carbidopa, or pharmaceutically acceptable salts or hydrates thereof, which comprises mixing entacapone and levodopa or salts or hydrates thereof separately, adding carbidopa or a salt or hydrate thereof separately in powder form or in granule form to result in a substantial portion of carbidopa or salt or hydrate thereof being separated from the entacapone and levodopa or salts or hydrates thereof in the tablet, and formulating the resulting mixture into a dosage form.

15. A method according to claim 14, wherein carbidopa or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt or hydrate thereof in powder form is added extragranularly to granules of entacapone and levodopa or pharmaceutically acceptable salts or hydrates thereof.

16. A method according to claim 14, wherein carbidopa or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt or hydrate thereof is added in a form of granules to a granule batch of entacapone and levodopa or pharmaceutically acceptable salts or hydrates thereof.

17. A method for preparing an oral solid tablet composition comprising entacapone, levodopa and carbidopa, or pharmaceutically acceptable salts or hydrates thereof, wherein the method comprises a) mixing pharmacologically effective amounts of entacapone and levodopa, or pharmaceutically acceptable salts or hydrates thereof, with at least one pharmaceutically acceptable excipient and a disintegrant to obtain a first mixture; b) granulating the first mixture to obtain a first granule batch; c) mixing a pharmaceutically effective amount of carbidopa, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt or hydrate thereof, with at least one pharmaceutically acceptable excipient and a disintegrant to obtain a second mixture; d) granulating the second mixture to obtain a second granule batch; e) mixing the first granule batch, the second granule batch, a lubricant and optionally one or more pharmaceutically acceptable excipients to obtain a third mixture; and f) formulating the third mixture into a plurality of tablet forms; wherein a substantial portion of the carbidopa or pharmaceutically acceptable salt or hydrate thereof is separated from the entacapone and levodopa or pharmaceutically acceptable salts or hydrates thereof in the tablets.

18. The method according to claim 17, wherein the granulation method is wet granulation.

19. A method for preparing an oral solid tablet composition comprising entacapone, levodopa, and carbidopa, or pharmaceutically acceptable salts or hydrates thereof, wherein the method comprises a) mixing pharmacologically effective amounts of entacapone and levodopa, or pharmaceutically acceptable salts or hydrates thereof, with at least one pharmaceutically acceptable excipient and a disintegrant to obtain a first mixture; b) granulating the first mixture to obtain a granule batch; c) adding a pharmacologically effective amount of carbidopa, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt or hydrate thereof, a lubricant, and optionally one or more pharmaceutically acceptable excipients to the granule batch to obtain a second mixture; and d) formulating the second mixture into a plurality of tablet forms; wherein a substantial portion of the carbidopa or pharmaceutically acceptable salt or hydrate thereof is separated from the entacapone and levodopa or pharmaceutically acceptable salts or hydrates thereof in the tablets.

20. The method according to claim 19, wherein the granulation method is wet granulation.

21. An oral pharmaceutical tablet comprising 200 mg entacapone, 50-150 mg levodopa, and 10-37.5 mg carbidopa; wherein a substantial portion of the carbidopa is separated from the entacapone and the levodopa in the tablet and having substantially the following characteristics: weight 400-750 mg, and volume dimensions from 200 to 1000 mm.sup.3.

22. The oral pharmaceutical tablet as claimed in claim 21, wherein the tablet is oval in shape.

23. An oral pharmaceutical tablet comprising 200 mg entacapone, 50-150 mg levodopa, and 10-37.5 mg carbidopa; wherein a substantial portion of the carbidopa is separated from the entacapone and the levodopa in the tablet and having substantially the following characteristics: weight 400-750 mg; and volume dimensions: length 13-18 mm; width 6-9 mm; and height 4-7 mm.

24. The oral pharmaceutical tablet as claimed in claim 23, wherein the tablet is oval in shape.

25. An oral solid fixed dose tablet composition comprising pharmacologically effective amounts of entacapone, levodopa, and carbidopa, or pharmaceutically acceptable salt or hydrate thereof is separated from the entacapone and levodopa or pharmaceutically acceptable salts or hydrates thereof in the tablet, and comprising at least one pharmaceutically acceptable excipient, whereby the therapeutic effect achieved with the composition in the treatment of Parkinson's disease is comparable to that achieved with the known separate formulations of entacapone and levodopa and carbidopa which are administered concomitantly at the same doses of the active agents as the present combination formulation.
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