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Claims for Patent: 6,395,293

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Claims for Patent: 6,395,293

Title: Biodegradable implant precursor
Abstract:The invention is directed to a biodegradable implant precursor having a two-part structure made of an outer sac and a liquid content. The implant precursor is composed of a biodegradable, water-coagulable thermoplastic polymer and a water-miscible organic solvent. When administered to an implant site in an animal, the implant precursor will solidify in situ to a solid, microporous matrix by dissipation of the organic solvent to surrounding tissue fluids and coagulation of the polymer. The invention also includes methods of making the implant precursor, an apparatus for forming the precursor, and a kit containing the apparatus. Also provided are methods of using the implant precursor for treating a tissue defect in an animal, for example, for enhancing cell growth and tissue regeneration, wound and organ repair, nerve regeneration, soft and hard tissue regeneration, and the like, for delivery of biologically-active substances to tissue or organs, and other like therapies.
Inventor(s): Polson; Alan M. (Fort Collins, CO), Swanbom; Deryl D. (Fort Collins, CO), Dunn; Richard L. (Fort Collins, CO), Cox; Charles P. (Fort Collins, CO), Norton; Richard L. (Fort Collins, CO), Lowe; Bryan K. (Fort Collins, CO), Peterson; Kenneth S. (Fort Collins, CO)
Assignee: Atrix Laboratories (Fort Collins, CO)
Application Number:09/520,735
Patent Claims: 1. An implant precursor comprising a mixture of a biocompatible, biodegradable, water coagulable thermoplastic polymer, a pharmaceutically-acceptable organic solvent capable of diffusing into tissue fluid, and a release rate modification agent wherein the implant precursor has a structure of an outer sac and a liquid content.

2. The implant precursor according to claim 1 further comprising a biologically-active agent.

3. The implant according to claim 2 wherein the biologically-active agent is selected from the group consisting of an antibacterial agent, an antifungal agent, an antiviral agent, an anti-inflammatory agent, an antiparasitic agent, an anti-neoplastic agent, an analgesic agent, an esthetic agent, a vaccine, a central nervous system agent, a growth factor, a hormone, an antihistamine, an osteoinductive agent, a cardiovascular agent, an anti-ulcer agent, a bronchodilating agent, a vasodilating agent, a birth control agent, and a fertility-enhancing agent.

4. An implant precursor according to claim 1 wherein the implant precursor is surrounded by tissue.

5. An in situ formed implant comprising a mixture of a biocompatible biodegradable, water-coagulable thermoplastic polymer, a biologically active agent and a release rate modification agent, wherein the implant has a two part structure composed of an outer sac and a liquid content.

6. An in situ formed implant according to claim 5 wherein the liquid content is a mixture of at least the thermoplastic polymer, the biologically active agent and the release rate modification agent.

7. An implant precursor according to claim 4 wherein no organic solvent is present.

8. An implant precursor according to claim 4 wherein the organic solvent has dissipated into the tissue.

9. An implant precursor according to claim 1 wherein the organic solvent and the release rate modification agent are the same.

10. An implant precursor according to claim 9 wherein the implant precursor is surrounded by tissue.

11. An implant precursor according to claim 1 which is formed by direct administration, into a body tissue, of a liquid polymer solution comprising the polymer, organic solvent, and release rate modification agent.

12. An implant precursor according to claim 11 wherein the organic solvent and release rate modification agent are the same.

13. An implant precursor according to claim 4, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11 or 12 wherein the mixture further comprises a bioactive agent.

14. An in situ formed implant comprising a mixture of a biocompatible biodegradable, water-coagulable thermoplastic polymer, a biologically active agent and an organic solvent that is capable of diffusion into body fluid, wherein the implant has a two part structure composed of an outer sac and a liquid content.

15. An implant according to claim 14 wherein the mixture further comprises a release rate modification agent.

16. An implant according to claim 15 wherein the organic solvent and release rate modification agent are the same.

17. An implant according to claim 5 wherein the liquid content has a watery or viscous character.

18. An implant according to claim 17 wherein the liquid content has a viscous character.

19. An implant according to claim 5 wherein the implant has become a solid.

20. An implant according to claim 5 wherein the release rate modification agent is a water-soluble, water-miscible or water insoluble organic substance.

21. An implant according to claim 20 wherein the release rate modification agent is a water insoluble organic substance.

22. An implant according to claim 21 wherein the water insoluble organic substance is an ester of a mono-, di- or tricarboxylic acid.

23. An implant according to claim 16 wherein the organic solvent/release rate modification agent is an ester of a mono-, di- or tricarboxylic acid.

24. An implant precursor according to claim 9 wherein the organic solvent has a Hildebrand solubility ratio from about 9 to about 13.

25. An implant precursor according to claim 9 wherein the organic solvent/release rate modification agent is an ester of a mono-, di- or tricarboxylic acid.

26. An implant according to claim 16 wherein the liquid content has a watery or viscous character.

27. An implant according to claim 26 wherein the liquid content has a viscous character.

28. An implant according to claim 16 wherein the implant has become a solid.
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