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Claims for Patent: 6,353,029

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Claims for Patent: 6,353,029

Title: Storage stable tretinoin and 4-hydroxyanisole containing topical composition
Abstract:A long-term storage stable tretinoin and 4-hydroxyanisole composition contains low molecular weight polyethylene glycol, antioxidant, a chelating agent, lower alkanol and water. The chelating agent provides at least two of the functions of oxygen scavaging, free radical chain terminating and reducing. The composition has a pH of 2.5 to 5 and a water content of at least 12%.
Inventor(s): Parab; Prakash V. (Plainsboro, NJ)
Assignee: Bristol-Myers Squibb Company (New York, NY)
Application Number:09/644,912
Patent Claims: 1. A topical solution having long term storage stability comprising:

(a) about 0.5 to about 5% w/v 4-hydroxyanisole (HA);

(b) about 0.002 to about 0.05% w/v Tretinoin;

(c) about 2 to about 10% v/v of a liquid low molecular weight polyethylene glycol;

(d) about 0.001 to about 1.5% w/v of an antioxidant or mixture of antioxidants, the antioxidant or mixture of antioxidants being selected such that at least two of the finctions of oxygen scavaging, free radical chain terminating, and reducing, are provided;

(e) about 0.001 to about 0.1% w/v of a chelating agent;

(f) about 50 to about 88% v/v of a lower alkanol; and

(g) water qs to 100%;

said solution having a pH of about 2.5 to about 5 and a water content of at least 12% v/v.

2. The solution as claimed in claim 1, wherein the 4-HA is present in an amount of about 1 to about 3% w/v; the tretinoin is present in an amount of about 0.005 to about 0.02% w/v, the liquid low molecular weight polyethylene glycol is present in an amount of about 3 to about 5% v/v; the antioxidant is present in an amount of about 0.003 to about 1.25% w/v; the chelating agent is present in an amount of about 0.002 to about 0.05% w/v; and the lower alkanol is present in an amount of about 60 to about 85% v/v.

3. The solution as claimed in claim 1, wherein the 4-HA is present in an amount of about 2% w/v; the tretinoin is present in an amount of about 0.01% w/v; the liquid low molecular weight polyethylene glycol is present in an amount of about 4% v/v; the antioxidant is present in an amount of about 1% w/v; the chelating agent is present in an amount of about 0.003 to about 0.02% w/v; and the lower alkanol is present in an amount of about 65 to about 80% v/v.

4. The solution of claim 1, wherein the antioxidant or mixture of antioxidants is selected from the group consisting of BHA, BHT, ascorbic acid, ascorbyl palmitate, lecithin, norhydroguaiaretic acid, propyl gallate, .alpha.-tocopherol, sodium bisulfite, cysteine, sodium metabisulfite, thioglycerol, thioglycolic acid and thiomersal.

5. The solution of claim 4, wherein the chelating agent is selected from the group consisting of citric acid, disodium EDTA, phosphoric acid, tartaric acid, sorbitol, phenylalanine and mixtures thereof.

6. The solution as claimed in claim 1, wherein the water content is at least 15% v/v.

7. The solution as claimed in claim 1, wherein, the water content is at least 20% v/v.

8. The solution as claimed in claim 1, wherein the pH is about 3 to about 4.5.

9. The solution as claimed in claim 1, wherein the pH is about 4.

10. The solution as claimed in claim 1, wherein the two functions provided are oxygen scavenging and free radical chain terminating.

11. The solution as claimed in claim 4 wherein the polyethylene glycol is PEG-8; the antioxidant or mixture of antioxidants is BHT, ascorbic acid, ascorbyl palmitate or a mixture thereof; the lower alkanol is ethanol, isopropyl alcohol or a mixture thereof; and the chelating agent is citric acid, disodium EDTA or a mixture thereof.

12. The solution as claimed in claim 5, further including an amount of an acidulant sufficient to adjust the pH of the solution to said pH of about 2.5 to about 5.

13. The solution as claimed in claim 5, comprising 2% w/v 4-HA; 0.01% w/v tretinoin; 77.8% v/v ethyl alcohol USP; 3.9% v/v PEG-8; 0.088% w/v BHT; 0.044% w/v ascorbic acid; 0.0088% w/v citric acid; 0.0044% w/v ascorbyl palmitate; 0.0044% w/v disodium EDTA and 18.5% water.
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