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Claims for Patent: 6,264,923

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Claims for Patent: 6,264,923

Title: Medicinal aerosol formulation of ciclesonide and related compounds
Abstract:A pharmaceutical aerosol formulation suitable for oral and/or nasal inhalation including an anti-inflammatory steroid of the formula ##STR1## in which: R.sub.1 is 1-butyl, 2-butyl, cyclohexyl or phenyl and R.sub.2 is acetyl or isobutanoyl, in particular ciclesonide. The formulations also include hydrofluorocarbon propellants such as HFC 134a and/or 227, and cosolvent such as ethanol in an amount sufficient to solubilize the ciclesonide or related steroid (and various optional ingredients, such as surfactant). The formulations exhibit very desirable physical and chemical stability, as well as excellent delivery characteristics.
Inventor(s): Oliver; Martin J. (Clarendon Park, GB), Fatania; Kanu M. (Loughborough, GB), Scott; John S. (Loughborough, GB), Muller; Helgert (Radolfzell, DE)
Assignee: 3M Innovative Properties Company (St. Paul, MN)
Application Number:09/440,797
Patent Claims: 1. A pharmaceutical composition comprising a therapeutically effective amount of a compound of the

formula: ##STR4##

in which:

R.sub.1 is 1-butyl, 2-butyl, cyclohexyl or phenyl and

R.sub.2 is acetyl or isobutanoyl, and a propellant selected from 1,1,1,2-tetrafluoroethane, 1,1,1,2,3,3,3-heptafluoropropane and a mixture thereof, and ethanol in an amount effective to solubilize the compound of formula (I) and optionally a surfactant.

2. A pharmaceutical composition as claimed in claim 1 in which the compound of formula (I) is ciclesonide.

3. A pharmaceutical composition as claimed in claim 1 which is free of surfactant.

4. A pharmaceutical composition as claimed in claim 1 in which the composition comprises from 3 to 25% by weight of ethanol.

5. A pharmaceutical composition as claimed in claim 4 in which the composition comprises from 5 to 20% by weight of ethanol.

6. A pharmaceutical composition as claimed in claim 5 in which the composition comprises from 7 to 12% by weight of ethanol.

7. A pharmaceutical composition as claimed in claim 6 in which the composition comprises 8% by weight of ethanol.

8. A pharmaceutical composition as claimed in claim 2 comprising from 1 to 8 mg/ml of ciclesonide.

9. A pharmaceutical composition as claimed in claim 1 in which the propellant is 1,1,1,2-tetrafluoroethane.

10. A pharmaceutical composition as claimed in any claims 1 in which the propellant is 1,1,1,2,3,3,3-heptafluoropropane.

11. A pharmaceutical aerosol formulation contained in an aerosol canister equipped with a dispensing valve, the formulation comprising:

a compound of the

formula: ##STR5##

in which:

R.sub.1 is 1-butyl, 2-butyl, cyclohexyl or phenyl and

R.sub.2 is acetyl or isobutanoyl;

a hydrofluorocarbon propellant; and

cosolvent in an amount effective to solubilize the compound of formula (I).

12. A pharmaceutical composition as claimed in claim 9 consisting of ciclesonide at a concentration of 1-5 mg/ml in a blend of ethanol: 1,1,1,2-tetrafluoroethane with a ratio of 8:92 by weight.
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