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Claims for Patent: 5,770,619

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Claims for Patent: 5,770,619

Title: Method of activating photosensitive agents
Abstract:A method of administering photodynamic therapy begins with administering to an animal an effective amount of a photosensitizing agent which is less than about one half of the usual clinical dose for the photosensitizing agent. Then, following a post injection interval which is less about one quarter of the usual post injection interval, an effective dose of light which is less than about one half of the usual clinical dose of light used in conjunction with the photosensitizing agent is administered to the animal.
Inventor(s): Richter; Anna M. (Vancouver, CA), Waterfield; Elizabeth (Vancouver, CA), Levy; Julia G. (Vancouver, CA)
Assignee: University of British Columbia (Vancouver, CA)
Application Number:08/551,471
Patent Claims: 1. A method to destroy or impair an area of neovascularization in an animal, which animal comprises both an area of neovascularization and normal tissue, which method comprises:

(a) administering to said animal an effective amount of a photosensitizing agent;

(b) administering to said area of neovascularization an effective amount of light of a wavelength that matches an excitation wavelength of said photosensitizing agent,

wherein said light is administered to said area of neovascularization before said photosensitizing agent has permeated said normal tissue.

2. The method of claim 1, wherein the time between step (a) and step (b) is less than one quarter of the clinical interval for subjecting the animal to light treatment after administering said photosensitizing agent.

3. The method of claim 1 wherein the effective amount of the photosensitizing agent is approximately less than one half of the clinical dose of said photosensitizing agent in photodynamic therapy.

4. The method of claim 1 wherein the effective amount of light is less than about half of the clinical dose of light for activation of the photosensitizing agent in photodynamic therapy.

5. The method of claim 1 herein the photosensitizing agent is selected from the group consisting of a chlorin, a bacteriochlorin, a phthalocyanine, a porphyrin, a purpurin, a merocyanine, a pheophorbide and a psoralen.

6. The method of claim 5 wherein said photosensitizer is a porphyrin.

7. The method of claim 6 wherein the porphyrin is BPD or porfimer sodium.

8. The method of claim 7 wherein the porphyrin is BPD-MA.

9. The method of claim 1 wherein the animal is mammal.

10. The method of claim 9 wherein the mammal is a human.

11. The method of claim 8 wherein the postinjection time varies between about one minute and 45 minutes.

12. A method to destroy or impair an area of neovascularization in an animal, which animal comprises both an area of neovascularization and normal tissue, which method comprises:

(a) administering to said animal an effective amount of benzoporphyrin derivative-monoacid (BPD-MA); and

(b) administering to said area of neovascularization an effective amount of light of a wavelength that matches an excitation wavelength of said BPD-MA,

wherein said light is administered to said area of neovascularization before said BPD-MA has permeated said normal tissue;

and wherein the time between step (a) and (b) varies between about one minute and 45 minutes.

13. The method of claim 12 wherein said area of neovascularization is a solid tumor.
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