.

Pharmaceutical Business Intelligence

  • Anticipate P&T budget requirements
  • Evaluate market entry opportunities
  • Find generic sources and suppliers
  • Predict branded drug patent expiration

► Plans and Pricing

Upgrade to enjoy subscriber-only features like email alerts and data export. See the Plans and Pricing

DrugPatentWatch Database Preview

Claims for Patent: 5,599,552

« Back to Dashboard

Claims for Patent: 5,599,552

Title: Biodegradable polymer composition
Abstract:The invention is directed to a composition composed of a thermoplastic or thermosetting polymer which is capable of forming a biodegradable and/or bioerodible microporous, solid or gelatinous polymer matrix. The matrix is useful as an implant in animals for enhancing regeneration of cells and tissue, such as bone and nerve cells, or for delivery of biologically-active substances to tissue or organs. The composition is administered to an implant site as a liquid. The invention also includes a method of preventing and treating disorders and diseases, such as bone or nerve growth disorders, or of altering body functions such as birth control, using the compositions and implants of the invention.
Inventor(s): Dunn; Richard L. (Fort Collins, CO), Tipton; Arthur J. (Fort Collins, CO), Southard; George L. (Fort Collins, CO), Rogers; Jack A. (Fort Collins, CO)
Assignee: Atrix Laboratories, Inc. (Fort Collins, CO)
Application Number:08/249,630
Patent Claims: 1. A composition suitable for forming an in situ solid implant in an animal, comprising: a formulation of a biodegradable, thermoplastic polymer that is insoluble in aqueous or body fluid, and an organic solvent that is miscible to dispersible in aqueous or body fluid, the composition being capable of coagulating or solidifying to form a solid microporous implant upon its contact with an aqueous or body fluid, the implant being a core surrounded by a skin, and the core and skin both being porous.

2. The composition of claim 1, wherein the organic solvent is a mixture of a first organic solvent that is a good solvent for the thermoplastic polymer, and a second organic solvent that is a poorer solvent or a non-solvent for the thermoplastic polymer; said first and second solvents included in said mixture at a ratio such that the thermoplastic polymer is soluble therein and coagulates to form a solid matrix upon placing the composition within the body and the dissipation or diffusion of the solvent into body fluid.

3. A method of forming an implant suitable for altering a biological or physiological activity in an animal, comprising: administering to the animal composition in an amount effective to form in situ a solid implant, the composition being a liquid formulation of a biodegradable thermoset polymer that is insoluble in aqueous or body fluid and the composition undergoing curing to form a microporous matrix, the matrix being a core surrounded by a skin, the core and skin both being porous.

4. A composition according to claim 1, further comprising a pore-forming agent.

5. A composition according to claim 4, wherein the pore-forming agent is a sugar, salt, or water-soluble polymer, or water-insoluble substance that degrades to a water soluble substance.

6. A composition according to claim 1, wherein the thermoplastic polymer is selected from the group consisting of polylactides, polyglycolides, polycaprolactones, polyanhydrides, polyamides, polyurethanes, polyesteramides, polyorthoesters, polydioxanones, polyacetals, polyketals, polycarbonates, polyorthocarbonates, polyphosphazenes, polyhydroxybutyrates, polyhydroxyvalerates, polyalkylene oxalates, polyalkylene succinates, polyamino acids, polymethyl vinyl ether, and copolymers, terpolymers, and any combination thereof.

7. A composition according to claim 1, wherein the solvent is selected from the group consisting of N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone, 2-pyrrolidone, propylene carbonate, acetone, acetic acid, ethyl acetate, ethyl lactate, methyl acetate, methyl ethyl ketone, dimethylformamide, dimethyl sulfoxide, dimethyl sulfone, tetrahydrofuran, caprolactam, decylmethylsulfoxide, oleic acid, N,N-diethyl-m-toluamide, and 1-dodecylazacycloheptan-2-one, and any combination thereof.

8. A composition according to claim 1, further comprising at least one biologically-active agent.

9. A composition according to claim 8, wherein the biologically-active agent is a polypeptide derived from a natural, synthetic, or recombinant DNA source.

10. A composition according to claim 8, wherein the biologically-active agent is selected from a group consisting of anti-inflammatory agents, antibacterial agents, antiparasitic agents, antifungal agents, antiviral agents, anti-neoplastic agents, analgesic agents, anaesthetics, vaccines, central nervous system agents, growth factors, hormones, antihistamines, osteoinductive agents, cardiovascular agents, anti-ulcer agents, bronchodilators, birth control agents, and fertility enhancing agents.

11. A composition suitable for forming an in situ solid implant in an animal, comprising: a liquid formulation of a biodegradable thermoset polymer, the composition being capable of forming a solid microporous matrix, the matrix being a core surrounded by a skin, and the core and skin both being porous.

12. The composition according to claim 1, wherein the thermoplastic polymer is a copolymer of lactide with glycolide or caprolactone, or a terpolymer thereof.

13. A method of forming an implant suitable for altering a biological or physiological activity in an animal, comprising: administering to the animal a composition in an amount effective to form in situ a solid implant, the composition being a formulation of a biodegradable, bioerodable, biocompatible thermoplastic polymer that is insoluble in aqueous or body fluid, and an organic solvent that is miscible to dispersible in aqueous or body fluid, and the composition undergoing coagulation or solidification of the polymer and dispersion of the solvent into body fluid to form a solid microporous matrix, the matrix being a core surrounded by a skin, the core and skin both being porous.

14. A composition according to claim 11, further comprising a pore-forming agent, an organic solvent that is miscible to dispersible in aqueous or body fluid, or a combination thereof.

15. A composition according to claim 14, wherein the pore-forming agent is a sugar, salt, or water-soluble polymer, or water-soluble organic solvent.

16. A composition according to claim 11, wherein the polymer is an acrylic ester-terminated biodegradable prepolymer capable of cross-linking to form a polymer matrix.

17. A composition according to claim 16, wherein the acrylic ester-terminated biodegradable prepolymer is selected from the group consisting of polylactides, polyglycolides, polycaprolactones, polyanhydrides, polyamides, polyurethanes, polyesteramides, polyorthoesters, polydioxanones, polyacetals, polyketals, polycarbonates, polyorthocarbonates, polyphosphazenes, polyhydroxybutyrates, polyhydroxyvalerates, polyalkylene oxalates, polyalkylene succinates, polymalic acid, polyamino acids, polymethyl vinyl ether, chitin, chitosan, and copolymers, terpolymers, and any combination thereof.

18. A composition according to claim 11, further comprising a curing agent.

19. A composition according to claim 11, further comprising at least one biologically-active agent that is free of functional groups that would interfere with the thermosetting reaction of the thermoset polymer.

20. A composition according to claim 19, wherein the biologically-active agent is a polypeptide derived from a natural, synthetic, or recombinant DNA source.

21. A composition according to claim 19, wherein the biologically-active agent is selected from a group consisting of anti-inflammatory agents, antibacterial agents, antiparasitic agents, antifungal agents, antiviral agents, anti-neoplastic agents, analgesic agents, anaesthetics, vaccines, central nervous system agents, growth factors, hormones, antihistamines, osteoinductive agents, cardiovascular agents, anti-ulcer agents, bronchodilators, vasodilators, birth control agents and fertility enhancing agents.

22. A method according to claim 13, wherein the implant is capable of enhancing tissue regeneration.

23. A method according to claim 13, wherein the implant is capable of filling in defects in tissue.

24. A method according to claim 13, wherein the composition further comprises at least one biologically-active agent.

25. A method according to claim 24, wherein the biologically active agent is selected from the group consisting of anti-inflammatory agents, antibacterial agents, antiparasitic agents, antifungal agents, antiviral agents, anti-neoplastic agents, analgesic agents, anaesthetics, vaccines, central nervous system agents, growth factors, hormones, antihistamines, osteoinductive agents, cardiovascular agents, anti-ulcer agents, vasodilators, bronchodilators, birth control agents, and fertility enhancing agents.

26. A method of claim 24, wherein the biologically-active agent alters the biological or physiological action of the reproductive system.
« Back to Dashboard

For more information try a trial or see the database preview and plans and pricing

Drugs may be covered by multiple patents or regulatory protections. All trademarks and applicant names are the property of their respective owners or licensors. Although great care is taken in the proper and correct provision of this service, thinkBiotech LLC does not accept any responsibility for possible consequences of errors or omissions in the provided data. The data presented herein is for information purposes only. There is no warranty that the data contained herein is error free. thinkBiotech performs no independent verifification of facts as provided by public sources nor are attempts made to provide legal or investing advice. Any reliance on data provided herein is done solely at the discretion of the user. Users of this service are advised to seek professional advice and independent confirmation before considering acting on any of the provided information. thinkBiotech LLC reserves the right to amend, extend or withdraw any part or all of the offered service without notice.

`abc