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Claims for Patent: 5,575,987

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Claims for Patent: 5,575,987

Title: Method of producing sustained-release microcapsules
Abstract:A method of producing sustained-release microcapsules containing a biologically active substance from an W/O emulsion comprising an inner aqueous phase containing said biologically active substance and an external oil phase containing a biodegradable polymer, characterized in that microcapsules formed on microencapsulation of said biologically active substance with said biodegradable polymer are heated at a temperature not lower than the glass transition temperature of said biodegradable polymer but not so high as to cause aggregation of the microcapsules. This method enables the production of very useful sustained release microcapsules adapted to release a bologically active substance at a calculated rate over a protracted time period starting immediately following administration without an initial burst within one day following administration.
Inventor(s): Kamei; Shigeru (Takarazuka, JP), Yamada; Minoru (Kawanishi, JP), Ogawa; Yasuaki (Ohyamazaki-cho, JP)
Assignee: Takeda Chemical Industries, Ltd. (Osaka, JP)
Application Number:08/562,634
Patent Claims: 1. A sustained release form of (Pyr)-Glu-His-Trp-Ser-Tyr-D-Leu-Leu-Arg-Pro-NH-C.sub.2 H.sub.5 in the form of a plurality of microcapsules of (Pyr)-Glu-His-Trp-Ser-Tyr-D-Leu-Leu-Arg-Pro-NH-C.sub.2 H.sub.5 free from aggregation, said microcapsules containing (Pyr)-Glu-His-Trp-Ser-Tyr-D-Leu-Leu-Arg-Pro-NH-C.sub.2 H.sub.5 from a W/O emulslon comprising an inner aqueous phase containing said (Pyr)-Glu-His-Trp-Ser-Tyr-D-Leu-Leu-Arg-Pro-NH-C.sub.2 H.sub.5 and an external oil phase containing an aliphatic biodegradable polymer based upon an aliphatic ester has an average molecular weight of about 3,000 to 30,000 and a dispersity of about 1.2 to 4.0 and the content of the biodegradable polymer is 90.9% (w/w) to the microcapsules, wherein said microcapsules formed on microencapsulation of said (Pyr)-Glu-His-Trp-Ser-Tyr-D-Leu-Leu-Arg-Pro-NH-C.sub.2 H.sub.5 with said biodegradable polymer are then heated at a temperature at or above the glass transition temperature of said aliphatic biodegradable polymer, said heating being conducted at a temperature that does not cause aggregation of the microcapsules.
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