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Claims for Patent: 5,540,930

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Claims for Patent: 5,540,930

Title: Suspension of loteprednol etabonate for ear, eye, or nose treatment
Abstract:The invention provides novel compositions of matter containing water-insoluble steroid drugs suitable for therapeutic use. The invention provides stable aqueous suspensions of water-insoluble steroid drugs of particle sizes of .ltoreq.15 .mu.m which remain in such a state so as to allow for immediate suspension, when desired, even after extended periods of settling.
Inventor(s): Guy; Yaacov J. (Rehovot, IL), Friedman; Doron I. (Carmei Yosef, IL)
Assignee: Pharmos Corporation (New York, NY)
Application Number:08/142,743
Patent Claims: 1. A composition for ophthalmic or otolaryngological anti-inflammatory use comprising:

(A) a corticosteroid having a particle size of 0.1 to 30 microns in diameter in an amount of about 0.2 to 2% by weight;

(B) a nonionic polymer in an aqueous medium;

(C) a nonionic surface active agent in an amount sufficient to retain the corticosteroid in suspension; and

(D) a nonionic tonicity agent in an amount sufficient to achieve isotonicity, wherein the molar ratio of (A):(B):(C) is between about 1:20:1 and about 1:0.01:0.5.

2. The composition of claim 1 wherein the corticosteroid is selected from the group consisting of soft steroids having anti-inflammatory activity.

3. The composition of claim 1 wherein the corticosteroid is loteprednol etabonate and is present in an amount of about 0.5 to 1% by weight.

4. The composition of claim 3 wherein said corticosteroid has a particle size less than about fifteen microns.

5. The composition of claim 1 further including a preservative for preventing microbial formation in said composition and in an amount of about 0.01 to 0.025% by weight.

6. The composition of claim 5 wherein said preservative is benzalkonium chloride.

7. The composition of claim 6 further comprising disodium edetate.

8. The composition of claim 1 wherein said nonionic polymer is selected from the group consisting of polyvinylpyrrolidone, polyvinyl alcohol, or dextran and is present in an amount of about 0.2 to 2% by weight and wherein the nonionic surfactant is present in an amount of about 0.05 to 1% by weight.

9. The composition of claim 1 wherein said nonionic polymer is polyvinylpyrrolidone and is present in an amount of about 0.4 to 1% by weight.

10. The composition of claim 1 wherein said nonionic surface active agent is tyloxapol and is present in an amount of about 0.1 to 0.6% by weight.

11. The composition of claim 1 further comprising an additional therapeutic drug in admixture with said corticosteroid, wherein said additional therapeutic drug is selected from the group consisting of betaxalol, athenolol, livobanolol, epinenephrin, dipivalyl, oxonolol, acetazilumide-base, methazalomide, tobramycin, gentamycin, piroxicam, indomethacin, naproxen, phenylbutazone, ibuprofen, and diclofenac-acid.

12. A composition for ophthalmic or otolaryngological anti-inflammatory use according to claim 1 in which the nonionic tonicity agent is glycerol in an amount 2 to 2.8%.

13. A composition for ophthalmic or otolaryngological anti-inflammatory use comprising a nonionic polymer in an aqueous medium, a nonionic tonicity agent in an amount effective to product isotonicity, and a nonionic surface active agent in an amount sufficient to retain the polymer and tonicity agent in the aqueous medium, and further comprising a corticosteroid having a particle size of 0.1 to 30 microns in diameter in an amount of about 0.2 to 2% by weight, wherein the molar ratio of corticosteroid to nonionic polymer to nonionic surface active agent is between about 1:20:1 and about 1:0.01:0.05.

14. The composition of claim 13 wherein said nonionic tonicity agent is a nonionic diol and is present in an amount of about 2 to 2.8% by weight.

15. The composition of claim 13 wherein the nonionic polymer is present in an amount of about 0.2 to 2% by weight; the nonionic tonicity agent is present in an amount of about 2 to 2.8% by weight; and the nonionic surface active agent is present in an amount of about 0.05 to 1% by weight.

16. The composition of claim 13 further comprising a preservative of benzalkonium chloride, disodium edetate, and mixtures thereof in an amount of about 0.01 to 0.025% by weight.

17. The composition of claim 13 wherein the nonionic polymer is polyvinyl pyrrolidone and is present in an amount of about 0.4 to 1% by weight, the nonionic tonicity agent is mannitol or a diol and is present in an amount of about 2 to 2.8% by weight, and the nonionic surface active agent is tyloxapol and is present in an amount of about 0.1 to 0.6% by weight.
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